13 CSR 35-71.010 - Definitions and Principles Generally Applicable to this Chapter

PURPOSE: The amendment to this rule establishes the general principles that DSS will apply in implementing Chapter 71. It also defines words and phrases used in the process that License-Exempt Residential Care Facilities must use to notify DSS of their operations in Missouri. Finally the amendment defines words and phrases used in the rules for residential treatment agencies for children and youth in Chapter 71 and amends the title of the rule.

(1) The following principles shall apply to all decisions made pursuant to this chapter:
(A) The safety and welfare of children is paramount;
(B) All providers of direct services to children and their families will be evaluated in a uniform, transparent, objective, and consistent basis;
(C) Services to children and their families which are provided by the division and licensed residential care facilities shall be provided in a timely manner to maximize the opportunity for successful outcomes, and such services shall be tracked and routinely evaluated through a quality assurance program;
(D) Any provider of direct services to children and families shall have the appropriate and relevant training, education, and expertise to provide the highest quality of services possible which shall be consistent with federal and state standards;
(E) Resources and efforts of the division and licensed residential care facilities shall be committed to pursue the best possible opportunity for a successful outcome for each child. In the case of children and youth who are in the foster care system, successful outcomes may include preparing youth for a productive and successful life as an adult outside the foster care system, such as independent living. For those providers that work with children requiring intensive twenty-four- (24-) hour treatment services, successful outcomes shall be based on the least restrictive alternative possible based on the child's needs as well as the quality of care received; and
(F) All licensed service providers shall prioritize methods of reducing or eliminating a child's need for residential treatment through community-based services and supports.
(2) For the purpose of all regulations in 13 CSR Chapter 71, unless otherwise specified or unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the definitions of terms specified in sections 210.110, 210.481, 210.1253, RSMo, and 13 CSR 35-71.015 shall apply to all of the regulations in this chapter. The singular includes the plural and plural includes the singular. In addition, the following terms are defined as follows:
(A) "Agency" in the context of regulations governing licensed residential care facilities shall mean the same as licensed residential care facility or LRCF;
(B) "Background check" means a background check which complies with the requirements of 210.493, RSMo, and 13 CSR 35-71.015;
(C) "Chemical restraints" are drugs which are prescribed or administered to temporarily restrain a child who presents a likelihood of serious physical harm to him/herself or others;
(D) A "critical incident" is an incident involving a child in the care of the agency, in which the child or another person directly involved with the child is placed at significant risk of death, serious physical, mental, or sexual harm. A critical incident may involve conduct of the child, other children, and/or acts or omissions of staff of the agency. Examples of critical incidents include, but are not limited to: injury of a child during physical restraint; serious physical or sexual aggression by or toward the child; significant physical injuries requiring medical attention; allegations of sexual abuse; criminal conduct involving the child; elopement; attempted suicide; fire setting; child death; and information which must be reported to the child abuse and neglect hotline pursuant to 210.115, RSMo. A "critical incident report" is a report documenting a critical incident;
(E) "Director" is the director of the Children's Division;
(F) "Division" is the Children's Division of the Department of Social Services of Missouri as defined in section 210.481(3), RSMo;
(G) "Elopement" is when a child leaves a facility or designated area off the campus of a LRCF without permission and places the child out of sight and sound of direct supervision;
(H) "Family Care Safety Registry" means the family care safety registry administered by the Department of Health and Senior Services;
(I) "Good standing" refers to a licensed residential treatment agency for children and youth in substantial compliance with Chapter 71 of the Children's Division residential treatment agencies for children and youth rules and is not under involuntary intake suspension, license denial, license suspension, and/or license revocation;
(J) "Intensive residential treatment" for children and youth is provided in a living unit of an agency for gravely, emotionally dys-regulated youth that has the capability of providing a highly structured and secure environment to prevent runaway behavior, address the likelihood of rage and physical aggression, and minimize the likelihood of youth injuring themselves or others. Intensive residential treatment for children and youth may be achieved through a combination of staffing patterns, architectural design of the operating site, electronic monitoring of the operating site and its exits, or other means necessary to assure safety;
(K) "Mechanical restraints" are any device, instrument, or physical object used to confine or limit a child's freedom of movement, except when necessary for orthopedic, surgical, and other medical purposes, or when necessary, to transport a child that may abscond or cause injury during transportation. Support devices used in normal situations to achieve proper body position and balance are not mechanical restraints;
(L) "Medical examination" is a thorough physical examination conducted by a licensed physician, certified nurse practitioner, advanced practice nurse in a collaborative practice agreement with a licensed physician, or a registered nurse who is under the supervision of a licensed physician. It may include a variety of tests, depending on the age, sex, and health of the person being examined, that includes tests for communicable diseases including, but not limited to, tuberculosis and hepatitis, when recommended by a licensed physician. It should also include a statement of the patient's mental state as determined by a licensed physician;
(M) "Operating site" is any building or campus of a licensed agency in which children receive care;
(N) "Physical restraint" is physical holding involving restriction of a child's voluntary movement to temporarily restrain an agitated, violent, or aggressive child who presents a likelihood of serious physical harm to him/herself or others;
(O) "Professional staff" of residential care facility are staff or contractors of the residential care facility who are qualified and required by law to be licensed in good standing to provide services for children to provide the services which they are providing. Examples of professional staff include, but are not limited to, physicians, nurses, physician assistants, teachers, licensed professional counselors, physical therapists, and occupational therapists;
(P) "Social services" are planned psycho-social interventions that are intended to lead to increased individual and family self-sufficiency and empowerment, and will support the child's transition from the placement into the family or community. Social services shall include, but shall not necessarily be limited to, individual, family, or group therapy that is provided in conjunction with other age and developmentally appropriate expressive, experiential, and adjunct activities;
(Q) "Transitional living services" are services provided to older adolescents that combine life skills training with opportunities to practice same. The goal of such services is to prepare the youth for successful adult living in the community upon their discharge from residential treatment for children and youth;
(R) "Variance" is a minor, time limited, deviation from a rule that may be requested by a licensed residential treatment for children and youth agency on a form prescribed by the division and approved or denied by the division. Approval may be granted by the division when a variance does not negatively impact child health and safety and is not under the purview of another regulatory entity. Examples include, but are not limited to, time limited deviations in licensed capacity and age range; and
(S) "Well-known religious order, church, and religious organization" are defined as follows:
1. A church, synagogue, or mosque;
2. An entity that would qualify for federal tax exempt status as a not-for-profit religious organization under section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954; or
3. An entity where the real property on which the residential treatment for children and youth operating site is located is exempt from local taxation because it is used for religious purposes.


13 CSR 35-71.010
AUTHORITY: section 210.506, RSMo 2000.* This rule originally filed as 13 CSR 40-71.010. Original rule filed May 9, 1956, effective May 19, 1956. Refiled March 12, 1976. Rescinded and readopted: Filed Nov. 8, 1978, effective Feb. 11 , 1979. Rescinded and readopted: Filed Oct. 13, 1982, effective Jan. 13, 1983. Amended: Filed Oct. 7, 1987, effective March 25, 1988. Emergency rescission and emergency rule filed Nov. 1, 1993, effective Nov. 12, 1993, expired March 11 , 1994. Emergency rescission and emergency rule filed March 2, 1994, effective March 12, 1994, expired July 9, 1994. Rescinded and readopted: Filed Nov. 1, 1993, effective June 6, 1994. Emergency amendment filed July 25, 2008, effective Aug. 4, 2008, expired Jan. 30, 2009. Moved to 13 CSR 35-71.010 and amended: Filed July 25, 2008, effective Jan. 30, 2009. Amended: Filed Dec. 16, 2013, effective June 30, 2014. Amended by Missouri Register February 15, 2022/Volume 47, Number 4, effective 3/31/2022

*Original authority: 210.506, RSMo 1982, amended 1993, 1995.

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