19 CSR 30-86.012 - Construction Standards for Assisted Living Facilities and Residential Care Facilities

Current through Register Vol. 47, No. 7, April 1, 2022

PURPOSE: This rule establishes construction standards for Residential Care Facilities and Assisted Living Facilities.

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: The secretary of state has determined that the publication of the entire text of the material which is incorporated by reference as a portion of this rule would be unduly cumbersome or expensive. This material as incorporated by reference in this rule shall be maintained by the agency at its headquarters and shall be made available to the public for inspection and copying at no more than the actual cost of reproduction. This note applies only to the reference material. The entire text of the rule is printed here.

AGENCY NOTE: All rules relating to long-term care facilities licensed by the department are followed by a Roman Numeral which refers to the class (either class I, II or III) of standard as designated in section 198.085.1, RSMo 2000.

(1) These standards apply to assisted living facilities and residential care facilities as indicated in the rule.
(2) A facility shall submit a copy of plans of proposed new construction, additions to or major remodeling of an existing facility to the Section for Long Term Care of the Department of Health and Senior Services (here-inafter-the department). If the facility is to be licensed for more than nine (9) residents, a registered architect or registered professional engineer shall prepare the plans and specifications for new construction or additions to an existing facility in conformance with Chapter 327, RSMo. III
(3) Construction of facilities shall begin only after the plans and specifications have received the written approval of the department. Facilities shall then be built in conformance with the approved plans and specifications. The facility shall notify the department when construction begins. If construction of the project is not started within one (1) year after the date of approval of the plans and specifications and completed within a period of three (3) years, the facility shall resubmit plans to the department for its approval and shall amend them, if necessary, to comply with the then current rules before construction work is started or continued. III
(4) If the facility employs more than fifteen (15) people, it shall conform with section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Any facility that houses handicapped residents shall have the first floor rooms and living areas designed to be accessible to these residents. III
(5) Facilities shall not house residents on a level where the outside grade line is more than three feet (3') above the floor level on the window side of the room. II
(6) Facilities whose plans were approved after December 31, 1987, shall provide a minimum of seventy (70) square feet per resident in private and multiple occupancy bedrooms. This square footage calculation shall include the floor space used for closets and built-in furniture and equipment if these are for resident use and the closet space does not exceed five (5) square feet per resident. Private bedrooms in existing facilities that are required to comply with the requirements of 19 CSR 30-86.043 or 19 CSR 30-86.047, and multiple occupancy bedrooms in facilities licensed between November 13, 1980 and December 31, 1987, shall have a minimum of sixty (60) square feet of floor space per resident. II
(7) Ceilings in bedrooms shall be a minimum of seven feet (7') in height or if a room with sloping ceiling is used, only the area where the ceiling height is at least seven feet (7') can be used to meet the required minimum square footage per resident. II
(8) Facilities shall provide bedrooms with at least one (1) functional outside window with screen. Window size shall be not less than one-twentieth (1/20) or five percent (5%) of the required floor area. II
(9) Facilities shall provide resident rooms with a full nonlouvered door that swings into the room. Facilities formerly licensed as residential care facilities II and existing prior to November 13, 1980, are exempt from this requirement. II
(10) Facilities shall permit no more than four (4) beds per bedroom, regardless of the room size. Facilities formerly licensed as residential care facilities II and existing prior to November 13, 1980, are exempt from this requirement. II
(11) One (1) tub or shower bath shall be provided for each twenty (20) residents or major fraction of twenty (20). Facilities exceeding twenty (20) residents shall have separate bathing facilities for each sex. II
(12) One (1) toilet and lavatory shall be provided for each six (6) residents or major fraction of six (6). Facilities formerly licensed as residential care facilities II and in operation or whose plans were approved prior to November 13, 1980 are required to provide one (1) toilet for each ten (10) beds or major fraction of ten (10) and one (1) lavatory for every fifteen (15) residents or major fraction of fifteen (15). II
(13) Separate toilet rooms shall be provided for each sex if common rooms with multi-stalls and stools are provided. II
(14) Bath and toilet facilities shall be conveniently located so that residents can reach them without passing through the kitchen, another bedroom, or auxiliary service areas. Facilities formerly licensed as residential care facilities II and in operation or whose plans were approved prior to November 13, 1980 are exempt from this requirement. III
(15) Bath and toilet facilities shall be ventilated. III
(16) Facilities whose plans were approved or were initially licensed after December 31, 1987, shall have a community living and dining area separate from resident bedrooms with at least twenty-five (25) square feet per resident. The community living and dining area may be combined with footage required for another long-term care facility when the facility is on the same premises as another licensed facility. Facilities that are required to comply with the requirements of 19 CSR 30-86.043 licensed prior to November 13, 1980, must have a living room area but they are exempt from minimum size requirements. Facilities licensed between November 13, 1980 and December 31, 1987, shall have a community living area with twenty (20) square feet per resident for the first twenty (20) residents and an additional fifteen (15) square feet per resident over a census of twenty (20). II
(17) Facilities shall provide the following in the dietary area: a kitchen, dishwashing, refrigeration, and garbage disposal facilities. The facility shall arrange the kitchen and equipment to efficiently and sanitarily enable the storage, preparation, cooking and serving of food and drink to residents. II
(18) Residential care facilities and assisted living facilities shall provide a designated attendant's working area which includes: a storage space for records; locked storage space for medications; a handwashing sink with hot and cold running water, a soap dispenser and paper towels; and a telephone conveniently located to the area. Facilities licensed for twelve (12) or fewer residents are exempt from a separate working area. III
(19) Facilities shall have a laundry area in a separate room for storing, sorting, washing, drying and distributing linen and personal clothing. Laundry facilities of a licensed long-term care facility located on the same premises may be used. Facilities licensed for twelve (12) or fewer residents will be exempt from having a separate room for laundry but the laundry room shall be separate from the kitchen and shall not be located in a room used by residents. III
(20) All newly licensed facilities shall be of sturdy construction with permanent foundations. III
(21) In buildings built prior to September 28, 1979, corridors shall have a minimum width of thirty-six inches (36"). First-floor resident room doors shall be a minimum of thirty-two inches (32") wide. Resident room doors of these buildings on the second floor and above shall be a minimum of thirty inches (30") wide. II/III
(22) In newly licensed buildings constructed on or after September 28, 1979, all resident room doors shall be a minimum of thirty-two inches (32") wide on all floors. Corridors shall be a minimum of forty-eight inches (48") wide and interior stairs shall be at least thirty-six inches (36") wide. II/III
(23) Exit doors in newly licensed facilities shall be at least thirty-six inches (36") wide, at least seventy-two inches (72") high and shall swing outward. II/III
(24) Residential care facilities that accept deaf residents, shall have appropriate assistive devices to enable each deaf person to negotiate a path to safety, including, but not limited to, visual or tactile alarm systems. II/III
(25) Residential care facilities and facilities formerly licensed as residential care facilities II whose plans were initially approved between December 31, 1987 and December 31, 1998, shall have at least one (1) hydraulic or electric motor-driven elevator if there are more than twenty (20) residents with bedrooms above the first floor. The elevator installation(s) shall comply with all local and state codes, American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME) A17.1, Safety Code for Elevators, Dumbwaiters, and Escalators, and the National Fire Protection Association's applicable codes. All facilities with plans approved on or after January 1, 1999, shall comply with all local and state codes, ASME A17.1, 1993 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, and the 1996 National Electrical Code. These references are incorporated by reference in this rule and available at: American Society for Mechanical Engineers, Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990; and The American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, 13th Floor, New York, NY 10036. This rule does not incorporate any additional amendments or additions. II
(26) Facilities whose plans were approved or which were initially licensed after December 31, 1987, shall provide an air-conditioning system, or individual room air-conditioning units, capable of maintaining resident-use areas at eighty-five degrees Fahrenheit (85 oF) (29.4 oC) at the summer design temperature. II
(27) Home-Like Requirements with Respect to Construction Standards.
(A) Any assisted living facility formerly licensed as a residential care facility shall be more home-like than institutional with respect to construction and physical plant standards. II
(B) Any assisted living facility licensed as a residential care facility II prior to August 28, 2006, shall qualify as being more homelike than institutional with respect to construction and physical plant standards. II
(C) Any assisted living facility that is built or has plans approved on or after August 28, 2006, shall be more home-like than institutional with respect to construction and physical plant standards. II

Notes

19 CSR 30-86.012
AUTHORITY: sections 198.073 and 198.076, RSMo Supp. 2007.* This rule originally filed as 13 CSR 15-15.012. Original rule filed July 13, 1983, effective Oct. 13, 1983. Emergency amendment filed Aug. 1, 1984, effective Aug. 13, 1984, expired Dec. 10, 1984. Amended: Filed Sept. 12, 1984, effective Dec. 13, 1984. Amended: Filed May 13, 1987, effective Aug. 13, 1987. Amended: Filed Aug. 1, 1988, effective Nov. 10 , 1988. Amended: Filed May 11 , 1998, effective Dec. 30, 1998. Moved to 19 CSR 30-86.012, effective Aug. 28, 2001. Amended: Filed Nov. 15, 2004, effective May 30, 2005. Amended: Filed Aug. 23, 2006, effective April 30, 2007. Amended: Filed March 13, 2008, effective Oct 30, 2008.

*Original authority: 198.073, RSMo 1979, amended 1984, 1992, 1999, 2006, 2007, and 198.076, RSMo 1979, amended 1984, 2007.

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