19 CSR 30-87.010 - Definitions

PURPOSE: This rule defines terms used in relation to sanitation requirements for long-term care facilities.

(1) Adulterated means the condition of a food if it bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance in a quantity which may render it injurious to health; if it bears or contains any added poisonous or deleterious substance for which no safe tolerance has been established by rules, or in excess of tolerance if one has been established; if it consists in whole or in part of any filthy, putrid or decomposed substance, or if it is otherwise unfit for human consumption; if it has been processed, prepared, packed or held under unsanitary conditions, where it may have been rendered injurious to health; if it is in whole or in part the product of a diseased animal or an animal which has died other than by slaughter; or if its container is composed in whole or in part of any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the contents injurious to health.
(2) Commissary means a catering establishment, restaurant or any other place in which food, containers or supplies are kept, handled, prepared, packaged or stored.
(3) Corrosion-resistant materials means those materials that maintain their original surface characteristics under prolonged influence of the food to be contacted, the normal use of cleaning compounds and bactericidal solutions and other conditions-of-use environment.
(4) Easily cleanable means that surfaces are readily accessible and made of materials and finish and so fabricated that residue may be effectively removed by normal cleaning methods.
(5) Food service employee means individuals having supervisory or management duties and any other person working in a food-service area of a long-term care facility.
(6) Equipment means stoves, ovens, ranges, hoods, slicers, mixers, meat blocks, tables, counters, refrigerators, sinks, dishwashing machines, steam tables and similar items (other than utensils) used in the operation of a food-service establishment.
(7) Food means any raw, cooked or processed edible substance, ice, beverage or ingredient used or intended for use or for sale in whole or in part for human consumption.
(8) Food-contact surface means any surface of equipment and utensils with which food normally comes in contact and any surface from which food may drain, drip or splash back onto surfaces normally in contact with food.
(9) Food-service area means any place where food is prepared and intended for individual-portion service and includes the site at which individual portions are provided. The term includes any such place regardless of whether consumption is on or off the premises and regardless of whether there is a charge for the food. The term also includes delicatessen-type operations that prepare sandwiches intended for individual-portion services. The term does not include private homes where food is prepared or served for individual family consumption, retail food stores, the location of food vending machines and supply vehicles.
(10) Hermetically-sealed container means a container designed and intended to be secure against the entry of microorganisms and to maintain the commercial sterility of its content after processing.
(11) Kitchenware means all multiuse utensils other than tableware.
(12) Law includes federal, state and local statutes, ordinances and regulations.
(13) Packaged means bottled, canned, cartoned or securely wrapped.
(14) Person includes any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other legal entity. Person in charge means the individual present in a food-service establishment who is the apparent supervisor of the food-service establishment at the time of inspection. If no individual is the apparent supervisor, then any employee present is the person in charge.
(15) Potentially hazardous food means any food that consists in whole or part of milk or milk products; eggs, meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, edible crustacea or other ingredients, including synthetic ingredients, in a form capable of supporting rapid and progressive growth of infectious or toxigenic microorganisms. The term does not include clean, whole, uncracked, odor-free shell eggs or foods which have a pH level of four and six-tenths (4.6) or below or a water activity (aw) value of eighty-five hundredths (0.85) or less.
(16) Reconstituted means dehydrated food products recombined with water or liquids.
(17) Safe materials means articles manufactured from or composed of materials that may not reasonably be expected to result, directly or indirectly, in their becoming a component or otherwise affecting the characteristics of any food. All materials are safe only if they are in compliance with the state Food Drug and Cosmetic Act in sections 196.010-180, RSMo (1986) and the federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and are used in conformity with all applicable regulations.
(18) Sanitization means effective bactericidal treatment by a process that provides enough accumulative heat or concentration of chemicals for sufficient time to reduce the bacterial count, including pathogens, to a safe level on utensils and equipment.
(19) Sealed means free of cracks or other openings that permit the entry or passage of moisture.
(20) Single-service articles means cups, containers, lids, closures, plates, knives, forks, spoons, stirrers, paddles, straws, napkins, wrapping materials, toothpicks and similar articles intended for one (1)-time, one (1)-person use and then discarded.
(21) Tableware means multiuse eating and drinking utensils.
(22) Utensil means any implement used in the storage, preparation, transportation or service of food.


19 CSR 30-87.010
AUTHORITY: section 198.009, RSMo 1986.* This rule originally filed as 13 CSR 15-17.010. Original rule filed July 13, 1983, effective Oct. 13, 1983. Moved to 19 CSR 30-87.010, effective Aug. 28, 2001.

*Original authority: 198.009, RSMo 1979, amended 1993, 1995.

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