N.J. Admin. Code § 7:28-17.5 - Personal radiation safety requirements for radiographers

Current through Register Vol. 54, No. 7, April 4, 2022

(a) The owner shall not permit any person to act as a radiographer until such person:
1. Has been instructed by a qualified individual in the subjects outlined in (b) below and has demonstrated an understanding of those subjects by passing a written examination given by a qualified individual;
2. Has received copies of and instruction in the applicable sections of this Chapter and the owner's operating and emergency procedures required pursuant to (d) below, and demonstrated an understanding of this Chapter and the procedures specified therein; and
3. Has demonstrated competence to use the ionizing radiation-producing machines and survey instruments which will be employed in his or her assignment.
(b) The outline of the course for radiographer's training is as follows:
1. Fundamentals of radiation safety:
i. Characteristics of gamma and x-radiation;
ii. Units of radiation dose and quantity of radioactivity;
iii. Hazards of excessive exposure to radiation;
iv. Levels of radiation from ionizing radiation-producing machines;
v. Methods of controlling radiation dose:
(1) Working time;
(2) Working distances;
(3) Shielding.
2. Radiation detection instrumentation to be used:
i. Use of ionizing radiation survey instruments:
(1) Operation;
(2) Calibration;
(3) Limitations.
ii. Survey techniques;
iii. Use of personnel-monitoring equipment:
(1) Film badges;
(2) Pocket dosimeters;
(3) Pocket chambers;
3. Radiographic equipment to be used:
i. Ionizing radiation-producing machines;
ii.

(Reserved)

iii. Storage containers;
iv. Remote handling equipment.
4. The requirements of pertinent Federal and State regulations;
5. The owner's written operating and emergency procedures.
(c) The owner shall not permit any person to act as a radiographer's assistant until such person:
1. Has received copies of and instruction in the owner's operating and emergency procedures, required pursuant to (d) below, and has demonstrated an understanding of the procedures; and
2. Has demonstrated competence to use under the personal supervision of the radiographer the ionizing radiation-producing machines and radiation-survey instruments which will be employed in his or her assignment; and
3. Has been instructed by a qualified individual in the subjects outlined in (b) above, and has demonstrated an understanding of those subjects by written examination given by a qualified individual.
(d) The owner shall prepare written operating and emergency procedures which shall include instructions in at least the following:
1. The handling and the use of ionizing radiation-producing machines to be employed such that no person is likely to be exposed to radiation doses in excess of the limits established in N.J.A.C. 7:28-6;
2. Methods and occasions for conducting radiation surveys;
3. Methods for controlling access to radiographic areas;
4. Methods and occasions for locking and securing ionizing radiation-producing machines;
5. Personnel monitoring and the use of personnel-monitoring equipment;
6.

(Reserved.)

7. Minimizing exposure of persons in the event of an accident;
8. The procedure for notifying proper persons in the event of an accident; and
9. Maintenance of records.
(e) The owner shall not permit any person to act as a radiographer or as a radiographer's assistant unless the owner has supplied to each such person and requires that each such person shall wear a film badge and either a pocket dosimeter or pocket chamber. The requirement for use of film badges, pocket dosimeters, and pocket chambers are as follows:
1. Pocket dosimeters and pocket chambers shall be capable of measuring doses from zero to at least 200 milliroentgens.
2. Pocket dosimeters and pocket chambers shall be read and doses recorded daily.
3. A film badge will be assigned to and worn by only one person.
4. A film badge shall be immediately processed if a pocket chamber or pocket dosimeter is discharged beyond its range.
5. The film badge reports received from the film badge processor and records of pocket dosimeter and pocket chamber readings shall be maintained for inspection by the Department.

Notes

N.J. Admin. Code § 7:28-17.5
Amended by R.1985 d.502, effective 10/7/1985.
See: 17 N.J.R. 1626(a), 17 N.J.R. 2389(a).
Recodified from 17.4 with substantive changes.
Amended by R.2008 d.281, effective 9/15/2008 (operative September 30, 2009).
See: 40 N.J.R. 2309(a), 40 N.J.R. 5196(b), 41 N.J.R. 3415(a).
In (a)3 and (c)2, deleted ", radiographic-exposure devices, sealed sources, related handling tools" following "machines" and inserted "or her"; in (b)1iv, deleted "and radioactive materials" from the end; reserved (b)3ii; in (d)1, substituted "ionizing" for "ionzing"; in (d)4, deleted ", radiographic-exposure devices, storage containers and sealed sources" from the end; and reserved (d)6.

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