N.J. Admin. Code § 7:28-21.3 - General equipment requirements

Current through Register Vol. 54, No. 7, April 4, 2022

(a) No person shall cause, suffer, allow or permit the possession or use of any analytical x-ray equipment unless it is equipped with the following:
1. A clearly visible label bearing the conventional radiation symbol and the words: "CAUTION: THIS EQUIPMENT PRODUCES X-RAYS WHEN ENERGIZED--TO BE OPERATED ONLY BY AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL" or other words having similar meaning which shall be attached near any switch which energizes an x-ray tube.
2. A clearly visible label bearing the conventional radiation symbol and the words: "CAUTION: HIGH INTENSITY X-RAY BEAM" or other words having similar meaning which shall be located in a conspicuous location near the x-ray tube housing.
3. A clearly visible warning light with fail-safe characteristics labeled with the words: "X-RAY ON" or other words having similar meaning which shall be located near any switch that energizes an x-ray tube and shall be illuminated only when the tube is energized. The provisions of this paragraph shall be effective February 1, 1980.
4. A clearly visible warning light or indicator with fail-safe characteristics which shall indicate when the x-ray tube is producing x-rays or the port of the radioactive source is open. The warning light or indicator shall be located in a conspicuous position near the x-ray tube, and shall be clearly visible to any person aligning or adjusting the x-ray accessory equipment. The provisions of this paragraph shall be effective February 1, 1980.
5. A clearly visible label bearing the conventional radiation symbol and the words: "CAUTION: THIS EQUIPMENT CONTAINS RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL--TO BE OPERATED ONLY BY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL" or other words having similar meaning which shall be attached to any switch which energizes analytical x-ray equipment which contains a radioactive source.
6. A clearly visible label which shall be attached to each radiation source housing that contains a radioactive source. The label shall include the following information:
i. The conventional radiation symbol; and
ii. The type of radioactive material; and
iii. The activity in curies or millicuries; and
iv. The date of measurement of activity.
(b) No person shall cause, suffer, allow or permit the possession or use of any analytical x-ray equipment unless such operation is in accordance with the following procedures and within the following dose rates:
1. Written operating and alignment procedures provided by the manufacturer of the x-ray system, or by the person in charge of use of the system if the radiation source housing and x-ray accessory apparatus are not compatible components supplied by the same manufacturer.
2. Written operating procedures shall be such that a qualified operator following instructions will not receive in any one hour a dose equivalent in excess of 37.5 mrem to the hands and forearms or 2.5 mrem to the whole body, gonads, blood-forming organs or lens of the eye.
3. Alignment procedures shall be such that a qualified worker aware of the radiation hazards will not receive in any one hour a dose equivalent in excess of 37.5 mrem to the hands and forearms or 2.5 mrem to the whole body, gonads, blood-forming organs, or lens of the eye while following these instructions. If either of these dose rates is likely to be exceeded, a definite warning shall be included in the alignment instructions.
4. The dose due to unwanted radiation from components such as high voltage rectifiers shall not exceed 10 mrem in a week in any accessible region 5 cm from the outside surface of the generator cabinet. Where an individual may be in the vicinity of the equipment while it is operating for as long as 40 hours per week, the dose rate shall not exceed 0.25 mrem/hr.
5. The x-ray accessory apparatus shall include a beam trap or other barrier with sufficient shielding so that the dose rate due to the transmitted primary beam does not exceed 0.25 mrem/hr under normal operating conditions. In the presence of scattered radiation this requirement shall be considered met for x-ray tube sources if the inherent shielding of the trap or barrier is at least equivalent to the thickness of lead specified in the following table for the maximum rated anode current and potential. In the case of isotope sources, the required barrier thickness shall be determined by a qualified expert.

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Notes

N.J. Admin. Code § 7:28-21.3
Amended by R.2005 d.239, effective 7/18/2005.
See: 37 N.J.R. 8(a), 37 N.J.R. 2675(b).
In (b), substituted "the" for "that" in the third sentence of 5.

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