N.J. Admin. Code § 7:9A-9.7 - Design procedure for pressure dosing systems

Current through Register Vol. 54, No. 7, April 4, 2022

(a) The following procedure shall be used for disposal fields consisting of a disposal bed or disposal trenches, which are at equal elevations.
1. Step One: Determine the length, number and spacing of distribution laterals based upon the required size of the disposal field, determined as prescribed in 7:9A-10.2, and the requirements for spacing of disposal trenches or the requirements for spacing of distribution laterals within disposal beds as prescribed in 7:9A-10.3(d). The number of distribution laterals will also depend upon whether a central or end manifold arrangement is used.
2. Step Two: Select the hole diameter and spacing. The hole diameter shall be a minimum of one-quarter inch but no larger than one-half inch. The minimum allowed hole spacing shall be 30 inches. The maximum allowed hole spacing shall be 60 inches, except in the case of systems installed in soils or fill material with a permeability faster than six inches per hour or a percolation rate faster than 15 minutes per inch, in which case the maximum allowed hole spacing shall be 36 inches.
3. Step Three: Based upon the hole diameter and the hole spacing selected and the length of the laterals, determine the required diameter of laterals using Figure 14 of Appendix A. If the disposal field configuration is such that it is beyond the applicable limits of Figure 14, other methods of hydraulically evaluating adequate lateral diameter may be used subject to prior approval by the administrative authority.
4. Step Four: Pressure distribution systems shall be designed so that a minimum pressure head of 2.5 feet shall be maintained at the distal end of the laterals. Based upon the hole diameter and the design pressure head at the distal end of the laterals, determine the hole discharge rate from the table below. Determine the lateral discharge rate by multiplying the hole discharge rate by the number of holes per lateral.

Pressure Discharge Rate (gallons per minute)
Head (ft) based on Hole Diameter (inches)
1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2
2.5 1.18 1.85 2.66 3.63 4.73
3.0 1.28 1.99 2.87 3.91 5.10
3.5 1.40 2.19 3.15 4.29 5.60
4.0 1.47 2.30 3.31 4.51 5.89
4.5 1.59 2.48 3.57 4.86 6.35
5.0 1.65 2.57 3.71 5.04 6.59
5. Step Five: Based upon the number of laterals and the lateral spacing, determine the manifold length. Based upon the manifold length, the lateral discharge rate and the number of laterals, using Figure 15 of Appendix A, determine the required manifold diameter. If the disposal field configuration is such that it is beyond the applicable limits of Figure 15, other methods of hydraulically evaluating proper manifold diameter may be used subject to approval by the administrative authority.
6. Step Six: Determine the necessary system discharge rate by multiplying the lateral discharge rate by the number of laterals; and
7. Step Seven: For pump systems, select the proper pump as follows:
i. Using Figure 16 of Appendix A, determine the friction head based upon the system discharge rate and the diameter and length of the delivery pipe. If the system discharge rate is such that it is beyond the applicable limits of Figure 16, then other methods of determining friction head in the delivery pipe may be used subject to approval by the administrative authority.
ii. Calculate the total operating head, H[t], using the following formula:

H[t], ft = H[f] + H[e] + H[p]

where:

H[f] is the friction head, in feet, determined in (a)7i above;

H[e] is the elevation head, in feet, calculated by subtracting the dosing tank low water elevation from the elevation of the invert of the distribution laterals; and

H[p] is the design pressure head to be maintained at the distal end of the laterals, in feet.

iii. Choose a pump which is rated by the manufacturer to deliver a flow rate equal to or greater than the system discharge rate calculated in Step Six when working against a total dynamic head equal to the total operating head calculated in (a)7ii above.
8. Alternate Step Seven: For systems using syphons, determine the syphon elevation as follows:
i. Determine the friction head in the delivery pipe as in (a)7i above.
ii. Calculate the velocity head using the following formula:

H[v], ft = (D/A)[LESS THAN]2[GREATER THAN]/2g

where:

D = System Discharge Rate, ft[LESS THAN]3[GREATER THAN]/sec.

= (System Discharge Rate, gpm) (1 ft[LESS THAN]3[GREATER THAN]/7.48 gal) (1 min/60 sec)

A = pipe area, ft[LESS THAN]2[GREATER THAN]

= [(internal pipe diameter, in/2) (1 ft/12 in)][LESS THAN]2[GREATER THAN] (3.14)

g = 32.2 ft/sec[LESS THAN]2[GREATER THAN]

iii. Calculate the total operating head, H[t], by the following equation:

H[t], ft = H[f] + H[v] + H[p]

where:

H[f] is the friction head, in feet, determined from Figure 16 of Appendix A.

H[v] is the velocity head, in feet, determined in (a)8ii above.

H[p] is the design pressure head to be maintained at the supply end of the laterals, in feet.

iv. Choose a siphon rated to discharge at a flow rate equal to or greater than the system discharge rate. Install the siphon at an elevation such that the siphon invert is higher than the invert of the distribution laterals by a distance equal to the total operating head calculated in (a)7iii above.
(b) If a trench system is proposed where the elevation of the infiltrative surface will not be the same in all trenches, the design engineer must demonstrate by means of appropriate calculations to the satisfaction of the administrative authority, that all portions of all trenches will receive equal hydraulic loading in conformance with the requirements of 7:9A-10.2. One way of accomplishing this would be to divide the disposal field into sections consisting of individual trenches or groups of trenches which are at the same elevation and which are dosed individually in conformance with the requirements of this section.

Notes

N.J. Admin. Code § 7:9A-9.7
Amended by 50 N.J.R. 171(a), effective 1/2/2018

The following state regulations pages link to this page.



State regulations are updated quarterly; we currently have two versions available. Below is a comparison between our most recent version and the prior quarterly release. More comparison features will be added as we have more versions to compare.