612:10-1-2 - Definitions

612:10-1-2. Definitions

The following words and terms, when used in this Chapter, shall have the following meaning, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Act" means the Rehabilitation Act [29 USC 701 et seq.].

"ADL" Activities of Daily Living often refer to the routine activities carried out for personal hygiene and health (including bathing, dressing, feeding) and for operation of a household.

"Applicant" means an individual who has completed and signed an agency application form or has otherwise requested vocational rehabilitation services; who has provided information necessary to initiate an assessment to determine eligibility and priority for services; and who is available to complete the assessment process.

"Assistive technology" means technology designed to be utilized in an assistive technology device or service.

"Assistive technology device" means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.

"Assistive technology service" means any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.

"Authorized Representative" means a client's or applicant's parent, guardian, advocate (i.e. Client Assistance Program) or other person designated by the client or applicant as the individual authorized to deal with the Department on behalf of the client or applicant, consistent with provisions of the Act. Authorized representative does not include an employee of the Department of Rehabilitation Services, another state agency, or vendor of the Department unless the person is actually the parent, guardian, or is serving in the capacity of guardian (for example: court appointed).

"Best correction" refers to the use of standard eyeglasses or contact lenses and does not include the use of bioptic telescopic systems or specialized lenses which cannot be worn by the individual on a sustained basis.

"Blind" means persons who are blind within the meaning of the State Law relating to Vocational Rehabilitation. Legal blindness means a visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with best correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

"Client/Consumer" means an individual found eligible and receiving services under the Act.

"Clubhouse model" means a psychosocial and vocational approach to work adjustment for people with mental illness. The work-ordered day is a core element of the clubhouse, which focuses on strengths, talents and abilities. Work in the clubhouse helps members develop appropriate social skills and gain self-worth, purpose, and confidence. The clubhouse enables members to return to the workforce and achieve employment outcomes.

"Community rehabilitation program" (CRP) means a program that directly provides or facilitates the provision of vocational rehabilitation services to individuals with disabilities, and provides singly or in combination, services for an individual with a disability to enable the individual to maximize opportunities for employment, including career advancement.

"Comparable services and benefits" means services that are provided or paid for in whole or in part by other Federal, state or local public agencies, health insurance or employee benefits, and are available to the individual at the time needed to further the progress of the individual toward achieving his/her identified employment outcome.

"Compensatory training" means training required before the client can enter a formal training program or employment, such as pre-vocational or personal adjustment training.

"Competitive integrated employment" means full or part-time work that is compensated at or above minimum wage, offers an individual with a disability benefits and opportunities for advancement comparable to those offered to employees in similar positions, and is performed in a setting where the individual with a disability interacts with persons without disabilities to the same extent that employees who are not individuals with disabilities and who are in comparable positions interact with these persons. Specific criteria defining competitive integrated employment are detailed in 34 CFR 361.5(c)(9).

"Consumer Independence Support Services" (CISS)

are defined as providing independent living assessment, intensive counseling, community integration, and housing modifications to further assist consumers with severe disabilities in achieving independence.

"Continuity of Services" means once an individual is selected for services in accordance with policy, regardless of the priority category from which the individual was selected, the individual will receive the necessary purchased services, including post-employment services.

"Counselor" means the qualified rehabilitation professional, who is an employee of the designated state unit, and who has primary responsibility for the management of an individual's rehabilitation services case record, including determination of eligibility, service planning and management, counseling and guidance, and determination of successful or unsuccessful rehabilitation. Counselor is equivalent to such terms as VR/VS Specialist and VR/VS Coordinator.

"Customized employment" means competitive integrated employment, for an individual with a significant disability, that is based on a determination of the unique strengths, needs and interests of the individual; designed to meet the specific abilities of the individual and the business needs of the employer; and carried out using flexible strategies such as those detailed in 34 CFR 361.5(c)(11).

"Department" unless otherwise indicated in the text, means the Department of Rehabilitation Services as constituted in 74 O.S., Section 166.1 et seq.

"DRS" means the Department of Rehabilitation Services.

"DVR" means the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation.

"DVS" means the Division of Visual Services.

"Eligibility" or "Eligible" means:

(A) when used in relation to an individual's qualification for Vocational Rehabilitation services, a determination that the individual has a physical or mental impairment which for such individual constitutes or results in a substantial impediment to employment; can benefit in terms of an employment outcome from rehabilitation services; and requires vocational rehabilitation services to prepare for, secure, retain, advance in or regain employment;

(B) when used in relation to an individual's qualification for Supported Employment services, a determination that the individual is eligible for Vocational Rehabilitation services; is an individual with the most significant disabilities (priority group one); and

(i) for whom competitive employment has not traditionally occurred; or

(ii) for whom competitive employment has been interrupted or intermittent as a result of a significant disability; and

(iii) who, because of the nature and severity of their disability, need intensive supported employment services, and extended services after the transition from intensive supported employment services, in order to perform such work;

(C) when used in relation to an individual's qualification for Rehabilitation Teaching services, a finding that an individual is legally and/or functionally blind, has a rapidly progressive eye condition; or has a visual impairment that with or without secondary disabilities results in functional visual limitations; the individual has identifiable deficiencies in independent living due to disabilities; and it is expected services will improve the individual's independence in the home and community.

"Employment and Retention" (E&R) means short-term job coach support for individuals with severe disabilities who require assistance preparing for, obtaining, and maintaining employment.

"Employment outcome" means, with respect to an eligible individual, entering, advancing in, or retaining full-time or part-time competitive integrated employment as defined in 34 CFR § 361.5(c)(9) (including customized employment, self-employment, telecommuting, or business ownership), or supported employment as defined in 34 CFR § 361.5(c)(53), that is consistent with an individual's unique strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests, and informed choice. (Note: As specified in federal rule, a designated State unit may continue services to individuals with uncompensated employment goals on their approved individualized plans for employment prior to the effective date of the final federal regulations until June 30, 2017, unless a longer period of time is required based on the needs of the individual with the disability, as documented in the individual's service record.)

"Extended employment" means work in a non-integrated or sheltered setting for a public or private nonprofit agency or organization that provides compensation in accordance with the Fair Labor Standards Act and any needed support services to an individual with a disability to enable the individual to continue to train or otherwise prepare for competitive integrated employment.

"Extended period of time" means, with respect to duration of vocational rehabilitation, services that are expected to extend at least 6 months from eligibility.

"Extended services" means ongoing support services provided to individuals with the most significant disabilities, including youth with the most significant disabilities, after the time-limited vocational rehabilitation services have been completed and job stabilization has been achieved. They consist of specific services, including natural supports, needed to maintain the supported employment placement. Extended services are paid from funding sources other than DRS and are specifically identified in the IPE, except that DRS may provide and pay for extended services for youth with the most significant disabilities for a period not to exceed 4 years or extend beyond the date when the youth reaches age 25.

"Extreme medical risk" means a risk of substantially increasing functional impairment or risk of death if medical services are not provided expeditiously.

"Functional capacities" means a client's assets, strengths, and resources which maintain or increase the individual's ability to work. Functional capacities include mobility, communication, self-care, self-direction, interpersonal skills, work tolerance, or work skills.

"Functional limitations" means physical or mental conditions, emergent from a disability, which impair, interfere with, or impede one or more of an individual's functional capacities.

"Higher education" means universities, colleges, community/junior colleges, vocational schools, technical institutes, or hospital schools of nursing.

"Highly challenged" describes a client receiving supported employment services who, due to the nature of the disability, requires a greater level of support from the job coach to achieve and maintain employment.

"IEP" means Individualized Education Program as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

"Independent Living (IL) Core Services" is defined as information and referral services; independent living skills training; peer counseling; individual and systems advocacy; and services that facilitate the transition of individuals with significant disabilities from institutions to community-based residences, assist individuals at risk of entering institutions to remain living in the community, and assist the transition to postsecondary life for youth with significant disabilities who were eligible for special education and are no longer in school.

"Independent Living Services" as defined in the Rehabilitation Act, 29 USC Section 705(17) and (18), include IL core services and counseling, housing procurement and modifications, personal assistance, mobility training, rehabilitation technology, life skills training, interpreters, readers, transportation, community integration, supported living, physical rehabilitation, aids and devices, social and recreational opportunities, and other services that are necessary and not inconsistent with the Act's provisions related to independent living.

"Individual with a disability" means an individual having one or more physical or mental conditions which materially limits, contributes to limiting or, if not corrected, will probably result in limiting an individual's employment activities or vocational functioning.

"Individual with a severe disability" means with respect to eligibility for the state's Optional Program for Hiring Applicants with Disabilities, an individual who has a physical or mental impairment which seriously limits one or more functional capacities (such as mobility, communication, self-care, self-direction, interpersonal skills, work tolerance, or work skills) in terms of an employment outcome.

"Individual with a significant disability" means an individual with a disability:

(A) who has a severe physical or mental impairment that seriously limits one or more functional capacities (such as mobility, communication, self-care, self-direction, interpersonal skills, work tolerance, or work skills) in terms of an employment outcome;

(B) whose vocational rehabilitation can be expected to require multiple vocational rehabilitation services over an extended period of time; and

(C) who has one or more physical or mental disabilities resulting from amputation, arthritis, autism, blindness, burn injury, cancer, cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, deafness, head injury, heart disease, hemiple-gia, hemophilia, respiratory or pulmonary dysfunction, mental illness, intellectual disability, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, musculoskeletal disorder, neurological disorders (including stroke and epilepsy), paraplegia, quadriplegia, other spinal cord conditions, sickle cell anemia, specific learning disability, end-stage renal disease or other disability or combination of disabilities determined on the basis of an assessment for determining eligibility and vocational rehabilitation needs to cause comparable substantial functional limitation.

"Individual with the most significant disability" means an individual with a disability:

(A) who has a severe physical or mental impairment that seriously limits three or more functional capacities in terms of an employment outcome;

(B) whose vocational rehabilitation can be expected to require multiple vocational rehabilitation services over an extended period of time; and

(C) who has one or more physical or mental disabilities resulting from amputation, arthritis, autism, blindness, burn injury, cancer, cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, deafness, head injury, heart disease, hemiple-gia, hemophilia, respiratory or pulmonary dysfunction, mental illness, intellectual disability, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, musculoskeletal disorder, neurological disorders (including stroke and epilepsy), paraplegia, quadriplegia, other spinal cord conditions, sickle cell anemia, specific learning disability, end-stage renal disease or other disability or combination of disabilities determined on the basis of an assessment for determining eligibility and vocational rehabilitation needs to cause comparable substantial functional limitation.

"Integrated setting" means:

(A) With respect to the provision of services, a setting typically found in the community in which applicants or eligible individuals interact with non-disabled individuals other than non-disabled individuals who are providing services to those applicants or eligible individuals.

(B) With respect to an employment outcome, means a setting typically found in the community in which applicants or eligible individuals interact with non-disabled individuals, other than non-disabled individuals who are providing services to those applicants or eligible individuals, to the same extent that non-disabled individuals in comparable positions interact with other persons.

"Intercurrent (acute) conditions" means an illness or injury occurring during the actual course of an individual's rehabilitation which, if not cared for, will complicate or delay achievement of the client's employment outcome as identified in the client's IPE.

"IPE" means the Individualized Plan for Employment.

"Job Club" is a structured learning experience for a client to build skills in self-assessment, resume development, job search and research strategies, and interview techniques to assist the person to enter a career of their choice.

"Job Coach/Employment Training Specialist" means a qualified individual providing support services to eligible individuals in supported employment and employment and retention programs. Services directly support the eligible individual's work activity including marketing and job development, applied behavioral analysis, job and work site assessment, training and worker assessment, job matching procedures, and teaching job skills.

"Long-term treatment" means medical or psychological treatment that is expected to last more than three months.

"Maintenance" is a service provided to assist with the out-of-ordinary or extra expenses to the individual resulting from and needed to support the individual's participation in diagnostic, evaluative, or other substantial services in the IPE. Activities of Daily Living (ADL) expenses are not eligible for maintenance payments.

"Milestones" means a payment system that reimburses a vendor based on incentives and outcomes. The vendor is paid when the client completes pre-defined checkpoints on the way to a desired employment goal.

"Multiple services" means the counseling and guidance provided as a routine part of case management plus two or more VR services. Comparable benefits and/or services can count toward meeting the definition of multiple services. Services routinely provided as a package do not count as multiple services for the purpose of determining the presence of a significant disability, even if two or more services are included in the package.

"Natural supports" means any assistance, relationships or interactions that allow a person to maintain employment in ways that correspond to the typical work routines and social interactions of other employees. Natural supports may be developed through relationships with people or put into place by the adaptation of the work environment itself, depending on the support needs of the person and the environment.

"Occupational license" means any license, permit, or other written authority required by a state, city or other governmental unit to be obtained in order to enter an occupation.

"Ongoing support services" means services specified in the IPE according to individual need, which support and maintain an individual with the most significant disabilities in supported employment. Sponsored ongoing support services are provided from the time of placement until the individual is stabilized on the job. Ongoing support services are provided by one or more extended services providers, or by natural supports, following transition throughout the individual's term of employment.

"Other Qualified Rehabilitation Personnel" means qualified rehabilitation personnel who, in addition to rehabilitation counselors, are necessary to facilitate the accomplishment of the employment outcomes and objectives of an individual (Section 100(a)(3)(E) of the Act.) Other qualified rehabilitation personnel include, but are not limited to, rehabilitation teachers of the blind who are certified at the national level.

"Package of services" means several services which are usually provided together for the same purpose. The services in a package are usually, but not always, from the same category of services (see definition of multiple services, this section). Examples include, but are not limited to: surgery, anesthesia, and hospitalization; or personal computer, software, and peripheral equipment.

"Personal assistance services" means a range of services provided by one or more persons designed to assist an individual with a disability to perform daily living activities on or off the job that the individual would typically perform without assistance if the individual did not have a disability.

"Physical and mental restoration services" means services which are necessary to correct or substantially modify a physical or mental condition which is stable or slowly progressive, within a reasonable period of time.

"Physical or mental disability" means a physical or mental condition which, if not corrected, materially limits, contributes to limiting or will result in limiting an individual's activities or functioning.

"Pre-employment transition services" means the required activities and authorized activities specified in 34 CFR 361.48(a)(2) and (3).

"Rehabilitation Act" means the Rehabilitation Act [29 USC 701 et seq.].

"Related factors" means those factors which are not directly attributable to the impediment to employment, but which have impact on the potential for successful rehabilitation. They frequently become evident only from an assessment of the person's social, vocational, educational, and environmental circumstances.

"Section 504 Plan" is a plan designed as a protection for students with disabilities who may not be considered eligible for special education under IDEA in compliance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 as amended.

"Small business enterprises" means a small business operated by blind or other individuals with severe disabilities under the management and supervision of the state DRS. Such businesses include only those selling, manufacturing, processing, servicing, agricultural, and other activities which are suitable and practical for the effective utilization of the skills and aptitudes of individuals who are blind or individuals who have severe disabilities. Small business enterprise provides substantial gainful employment or self-employment commensurate with the time devoted by the operators to the business, the cost of establishing the business and other factors of an economic nature.

"Stabilization" means the period of time when job coach support is reduced to the long-term maintenance level while the individual retains employment, and personal satisfaction with the job, as well as employer satisfaction with the person's job performance. Stabilization must include appropriate individualized supports, including a minimum of two employee contacts and one employer contact per month.

"Substantial impediment to employment" means that a physical or mental disability (in the light of related medical, psychological, vocational, educational, cultural, social or environmental factors) that impedes an individual's occupational performance, by preventing his/her obtaining, retaining, or preparing for a gainful occupation consistent with his/her capacities and abilities.

"Supported employment" (SE) means competitive integrated employment, including customized employment, or employment in integrated work settings in which individuals are working on a short-term basis toward competitive work, consistent with the strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests, and informed choice of the individuals, for individuals with the most significant disabilities who meet the eligibility criteria for supported employment as defined in 34 CFR 361.5(c)(53). For purposes of this definition, "short-term basis" shall mean six months or up to 12 months in limited circumstances as described in 34 CFR 361.5(c)(53).

"Transition services" means, for a student or a youth with a disability, a coordinated set of activities designed within an outcome-oriented process that promotes movement from school to post-school activities, including postsecondary education, vocational training, competitive integrated employment, supported employment, continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, or community participation. Transition services (1) are based upon the individual student's or youth's needs, preferences and interests; (2) include instruction, community experiences, the development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives, and, if appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and functional vocational evaluation; (3) promote or facilitate the achievement of the employment outcome identified in the student's or youth's individualized plan for employment; and (4) include outreach to and engagement of the parents, or, as appropriate, the representative of such a student or youth with a disability.

"Transportation" is a service provided to assist with the costs of travel, including instruction in the use of public transportation vehicles and systems, which result from and are needed to support the individual's participation in diagnostic, evaluative, or other substantial and necessary VR services.

"VR" means the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, or the more general term vocational rehabilitation services, depending upon the context.

"VS" means the Division of Visual Services, depending upon the context.

(Amended by Oklahoma Register, Volume 32, Issue 23, August 17, 2015, eff. 8/27/2015 Amended by Oklahome Register, Volume 33, Issue 23, August 15, 2016, eff. 8/25/2016 Amended by Oklahoma Register, Volume 34, Issue 24, September 1, 2017, eff. 9/11/2017 Amended by Oklahoma Register, Volume 35, Issue 24, September 4, 2018, eff. 9/14/2018)

Added at 10 Ok Reg 4633, eff 9-1-93 (emergency) ; Added at 11 Ok Reg 2449, eff 7-1-94 ; Amended at 13 Ok Reg 1817, eff 4-3-96 (emergency) ; Amended at 13 Ok Reg 1739, eff 7-1-96 ; Amended at 14 Ok Reg 1432, eff 7-1-97 ; Amended at 14 Ok Reg 3738, eff 9-10-97 (emergency) ; Amended at 15 Ok Reg 2904, eff 7-1-98 ; Amended at 16 Ok Reg 1711, eff 4-13-99 (emergency) ; Amended at 16 Ok Reg 2590, eff 7-1-99 ; Amended at 20 Ok Reg 1771, eff 7-1-03 ; Amended at 21 Ok Reg 1774, eff 7-1-04 ; Amended at 22 Ok Reg 2186, eff 7-1-05 ; Amended at 23 Ok Reg 1975, eff 7-1-06 ; Amended at 24 Ok Reg 1652, eff 7-1-07 ; Amended at 25 Ok Reg 1687, eff 7-1-08 ; Amended at 26 Ok Reg 1690, eff 7-1-09 ; Amended at 28 Ok Reg 1832, eff 7-1-11 ; Amended at 29 Ok Reg 1430, eff 7-1-12 ; Amended at 30 Ok Reg 864, eff 7-1-13

The following state regulations pages link to this page.