Or. Admin. R. 150-314-0088 - Modified Factors for Financial Institutions

Current through Register Vol. 61, No. 4, April 1, 2022

(1) This rule is based on a model regulation adopted by the Multistate Tax Commission to promote uniform treatment of this item by the states. A financial institution having income from business activity that is taxable both within and without this state must allocate and apportion its net income as provided in this rule. All items of nonapportionable income must be allocated pursuant to the provisions of ORS 314.610 through 314.645 and the rules thereunder. A financial institution organized under the laws of a foreign country, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or possession of the United States whose effectively connected income (as defined under the Federal Revenue Code) is taxable both within this state and within another state, other than the state in which it is organized, must allocate and apportion its net income as provided in this rule.
(2)
(a) For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 1991 and before May 1, 2003, all apportionable income must be apportioned to this state by multiplying the income by a fraction. The numerator of the fraction is two times the sales factor, as described in section (4) of this rule, plus the property factor, as described in section (5) of this rule, plus the payroll factor, as described in section (6) of this rule. The denominator of the fraction is four. If one of the factors is missing, the remaining factors are added and the sum is divided by three (divide by two if the missing factor is the sales factor). A factor is missing if both its numerator and denominator are zero, but it is not missing merely because its numerator is zero.
(b) For tax years beginning on or after May 1, 2003 and before July 1, 2005, all apportionable income must be apportioned to this state by multiplying the income by a multiplier equal to 80 percent of the sales factor described in section (4) of this rule plus 10 percent of the property factor described in section (5) of this rule plus 10 percent of the payroll factor described in section (6) of this rule.
(c) For tax years beginning on or after July 1, 2005, all apportionable income must be apportioned to this state by multiplying the income by a multiplier equal to 100 percent of the sales factor described in section (4) of this rule.
(d) Each factor must be computed according to the method of accounting (cash or accrual) used by the taxpayer for the taxable year.
(e) See OAR 150-314-0086 for other methods of apportionment and allocation or modification of the method in this rule that may be allowable.
(3) Definitions as used in this rule, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) "Billing address" means the location indicated in the books and records of the taxpayer on the first day of the taxable year (or on such later date in the taxable year when the customer relationship began) as the address where any notice, statement, or bill relating to a customer's account is mailed.
(b) "Borrower or credit card holder located in this state" means:
(A) A borrower, other than a credit card holder, that is engaged in a trade or business that maintains its commercial domicile in this state; or
(B) A borrower that is not engaged in a trade or business or a credit card holder whose billing address is in this state.
(c) "Card issuer's reimbursement fee" means the fee a taxpayer receives from a merchant's bank because one of the persons to whom the taxpayer has issued a credit, debit, or similar type of card has charged merchandise or services to the card.
(d) "Commercial domicile" means:
(A) The headquarters of the trade or business, that is, the place from which the trade or business is principally managed and directed; or
(B) If a taxpayer is organized under the laws of a foreign country, or of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or possession of the United States, such taxpayer's commercial domicile is deemed for the purposes of this rule to be the state of the United States or the District of Columbia from which such taxpayer's trade or business in the United States is principally managed or directed. It is presumed, subject to rebuttal, that the location from which the taxpayer's trade or business is principally managed and directed is the state of the United States or the District of Columbia to which the greatest number of employees are regularly connected or out of which they are working, no matter where the services of such employees are performed, as of the last day of the taxable year.
(e) "Credit card" means a card, or other means of providing information, that entitles the holder to charge the cost of purchases, or a cash advance, against a line of credit.
(f) "Debit card" means a card, or other means of providing information, that enables the holder to charge the cost of purchases, or a cash withdrawal, against the holder's bank account or a remaining balance on the card.
(g) "Financial institution" is defined in ORS 314.610(4).
(h) "Loan" means any extension of credit resulting from direct negotiations between the taxpayer and its customer, or the purchase, in whole or in part, of such extension of credit from another. Loans include participations, syndications, and leases treated as loans for federal income tax purposes. Loans do not include: loans representing property acquired in lieu of or pursuant to a foreclosure under IRC section 595; futures or forward contracts; options; notional principal contracts such as swaps; credit card receivables, including purchased credit card relationships; noninterest bearing balances due from other depository institutions; cash items in the process of collection; federal funds sold; securities purchased under agreements to resell; assets held in a trading account; securities; interests in a REMIC, or other mortgage-backed or asset-backed security; and other similar items.
(i) "Loan secured by real property" means that 50 percent or more of the aggregate value of the collateral used to secure a loan or other obligation, when valued at fair market value as of the time the original loan or obligation was incurred, was real property.
(j) "Merchant discount" means the fee (or negotiated discount) charged to a merchant by the taxpayer for the privilege of participating in a program whereby a credit, debit, or similar type of card is accepted in payment for merchandise or services sold to the card holder, net of any cardholder charge-back and unreduced by any interchange transaction or issuer reimbursement fee paid to another for charges or purchases made its cardholder.
(k) "Participation" means an extension of credit in which an undivided ownership interest is held on a pro rata basis in a single loan or pool of loans and related collateral. In a loan participation, the credit originator initially makes the loan and then subsequently resells all or a portion of it to other lenders. The participation may or may not be known to the borrower.
(L) "Person" means an individual, estate, trust, partnership, corporation, and any other business entity.
(m) "Principal base of operations" with respect to transportation property means the place of more or less permanent nature from which said property is regularly directed or controlled. With respect to an employee, the "principal base of operations" means the place of more or less permanent nature from which the employee regularly:
(A) Starts his or her work and to which the employee customarily returns in order to receive instructions from the employer, or
(B) Communicates with customers or other persons, or
(C) Performs any other functions necessary to the exercise of the employee's trade or profession at some other point or points.
(n) "Real property owned" and "tangible personal property owned" means real and tangible personal property, respectively,
(A) On which the taxpayer may claim depreciation for federal income tax purposes; or
(B) Property to which the taxpayer holds legal title and on which no other person may claim depreciation for federal income tax purposes (or could claim depreciation if subject to federal income tax). Real and tangible personal property do not include coin, currency, or property acquired in lieu of or pursuant to a foreclosure.
(o) "Regular place of business" means an office at which the taxpayer conducts business in a regular and systematic manner and that is continuously maintained, occupied, and used by employees of the taxpayer.
(p) "State" is defined in ORS 314.610(8).
(q) "Syndication" means an extension of credit in which two or more persons fund and each person is at risk only up to a specified percentage of the total extension of credit or up to a specified dollar amount.
(r) "Taxable" is defined as "taxable in another state" in ORS 314.620.
(s) "Transportation property" means vehicles and vessels capable of moving under their own power, such as aircraft, trains, water vessels, and motor vehicles, as well as any equipment or containers attached to such property, such as rolling stock, barges, trailers, or the like.
(4) Sales Factor.
(a) In general. Except as provided elsewhere in OAR 150-314-0088, the sales factor is a fraction and includes only those receipts that are received from transactions and activity occurring in the regular course of the taxpayer's trade or business and that are included in the computation of the apportionable income base for the taxable year.
(b) Receipts from the sale, rental, lease, or license of real property. The numerator of the receipts factor includes receipts from the sales, rental, lease, or license of real property owned by the taxpayer if and to the extent the property is in this state or receipts from the sublease of real property if the property is in this state.
(c) Receipts from the lease of tangible personal property.
(A) Except as described in paragraph (B) of this subsection, the numerator of the sales factor includes receipts from the lease or rental of tangible personal property owned by the taxpayer if the property is located within this state when it is first placed in service by the lessee.
(B) Receipts from the lease or rental of transportation property owned by the taxpayer are included in the numerator of the sales factor to the extent that the property is used in this state. The extent an aircraft is deemed to be used in this state is determined by multiplying the receipts from the lease or rental of the aircraft by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of landings of the aircraft in this state and the denominator of which is the total number of landings of the aircraft. If the extent of the use of any transportation property within this state cannot be determined, then the property is deemed to be used wholly in the state in which the property has its principal base of operations. A motor vehicle is deemed to be used wholly in the state in which it is registered.
(d) Interest, fees, and penalties imposed in connection with loans secured by real property.
(A) The numerator of the sales factor includes interest, fees, and penalties imposed in connection with loans secured by real property if the property is located within this state. If the property is located both within this state and one or more other states, the receipts described in this subsection are included in the numerator of the sales factor if more than 50 percent of the fair market value of the real property is located within this state. If more than 50 percent of the fair market value of the real property is not located within any one state, then the receipts described in this subsection must be included in the numerator of the sales factor if the borrower is located in this state.
(B) The determination of whether the real property securing a loan is located within this state is made as of the time the original agreement was made, and any and all subsequent substitutions of collateral are disregarded.
(e) Interest, fees, and penalties imposed in connection with loans not secured by real property. The numerator of the sales factor includes interest, fees, and penalties imposed in connection with loans not secured by real property if the borrower is located in this state.
(f) Net gains from the sale of loans. The numerator of the sales factor includes net gains from the sale of loans. Net gains from the sale of loans includes income recorded under the coupon stripping rules of IRC section 1286.
(A) The amount of net gains (but not less than zero) from the sale of loans secured by real property included in the numerator is determined by multiplying such net gains by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount included in the numerator of the sales factor pursuant to subsection (d) of this section and the denominator of which is the total amount of interest, fees, and penalties imposed in connection with loans secured by real property.
(B) The amount of net gains (but not less than zero) from the sale of loans not secured by real property included in the numerator is determined by multiplying such net gains by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount included in the numerator of the sales factor pursuant to subsection (e) of this section and the denominator of which is the total amount of interest, fees, and penalties imposed in connection with loans not secured by real property.
(g) Receipts from fees, interest, and penalties charged to card holders. The numerator of the sales factor includes fees, interest, and penalties charged to credit, debit, or similar card holders; including but not limited to, annual fees and overdraft fees, if the billing address of the card holder is in this state.
(h) Net gains from the sale of credit card receivables. The numerator of the sales factor includes all net gains (but not less than zero) from the sale of credit card receivables multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount included in the numerator of the sales factor pursuant to subsection (g) of this section and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total amount of interest and fees or penalties in the nature of interest from credit card receivables and fees charged to card holders.
(i) Card issuer's reimbursement fees. The numerator of the sales factor includes:
(A) All credit card issuer's reimbursement fees multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount included in the numerator of the sales factor pursuant to subsection (g) of this section and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to credit card holders.
(B) All debit card issuer's reimbursement fees multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to debit card holders included in the numerator of the receipts factor pursuant to subsection (g) of this section and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to debit card holders.
(C) All other card issuer's reimbursement fees multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to all other card holders included in the numerator of the receipts factor pursuant to subsection (g) of this section and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to all other card holders.
(j) Receipts from merchant discount.
(A) If the taxpayer can readily determine the location of the merchant and if the merchant is in this state, the numerator of the receipts factor includes receipts from merchant discount.
(B) If the taxpayer cannot readily determine the location of the merchant, the numerator of the receipts factor includes such receipts from the merchant discount multiplied by a fraction:
(i) In the case of a merchant discount related to the use of a credit card, the numerator of which is the amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to credit card holders that is included in the numerator of the receipts factor pursuant to subsection (g) of this section and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to credit card holders, and
(ii) In the case of a merchant discount related to the use of a debit card, the numerator of which is the amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to debit card holders that is included in the numerator of the receipts factor pursuant to subsection (g) of this section, and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to debit card holders.
(iii) In the case of a merchant discount related to the use of all other types of cards, the numerator of which is the amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to all other card holders that is included in the numerator of the receipts factor pursuant to subsection (g) of this section, and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total amount of fees, interest, and penalties charged to all other card holders.
(C) The taxpayer's method for sourcing each receipt from a merchant discount must be consistently applied to such receipt in all states that have adopted sourcing methods substantially similar to subsections (A) and (B) of this section and must be used on all subsequent returns for sourcing receipts from such merchant unless the department permits or requires application of the alternative method.
(k) Receipts from ATM fees. The receipts factor includes all ATM fees that are not forwarded directly to another bank.
(A) The numerator of the receipts factor includes fees charged to a cardholder for the use at an ATM of a card issued by the taxpayer if the cardholder's billing address is in this state.
(B) The numerator of the receipts factor includes fees charged to a cardholder, other than the taxpayer's cardholder, for the use of such card at an ATM owned or rented by the taxpayer, if the ATM is in this state.
(L) Loan servicing fees.
(A) The numerator of the sales factor includes loan servicing fees derived from loans secured by real property multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount included in the numerator of the sales factor pursuant to subsection (d) of this section and the denominator of which is the total amount of interest and fees or penalties in the nature of interest from loans secured by real property.
(B) The numerator of the sales factor includes loan servicing fees derived from loans not secured by real property multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount included in the numerator of the sales factor pursuant to subsection (e) of this section and the denominator of which is the total amount of interest and fees or penalties in the nature of interest from loans not secured by real property.
(C) In circumstances in which the taxpayer receives loan servicing fees for servicing either the secured or the unsecured loans of another, the numerator of the sales factor must include such fees if the borrower is located in this state.
(m) Receipts from services not otherwise apportioned under this rule. The numerator of the sales factor includes receipts from the sale of a service not otherwise apportioned under this rule, if and to the extent the service is delivered to a customer at a location in this state.
(A) Services Delivered to Individual Customers. In any instance in which the taxpayer's customer is an individual customer, the state or states in which the service is delivered must be reasonably approximated as follows: the taxpayer must assign the receipts from a sale to the customer's state of primary residence, or, if the taxpayer cannot reasonably identify the customer's state of primary residence, to the state of the customer's billing address; provided, however, in any instance in which the taxpayer derives more than five percent of its receipts from sales of all services from an individual customer, the taxpayer must identify the customer's state of primary residence and assign the receipts from the service or services provided to that customer to that state.
(B) Services Delivered to Business Customers. In any instance in which the taxpayer's customer is a business customer, the state or states in which the service is delivered must be reasonably approximated as follows: unless the taxpayer may use the safe harbor in paragraph (C) of this subsection, the taxpayer must assign the receipts from the sale as follows:
(1) by assigning the receipts to the state where the contract of sale is principally managed by the customer;
(2) if the place of customer management is not reasonably determinable, to the customer's place of order; and
(3) if the customer place of order is not reasonably determinable, to the customer's billing address; provided, however, in any instance in which the taxpayer derives more than five percent of its receipts from sales of all services from a customer, the taxpayer is required to identify the state in which the contract of sale is principally managed by the customer.
(C) Safe Harbor; Large Volume of Transactions. Notwithstanding the rules set forth in paragraphs (A) and (B) of this subsection, a taxpayer may assign its receipts from sales to a particular customer based on the customer's billing address in any taxable year in which the taxpayer (1) engages in substantially similar service transactions with more than 250 customers, whether individual or business, and (2) does not derive more than five percent of its receipts from sales of all services from that customer.
(D) Related Party Transactions. In any instance in which the professional service is sold to a related party, rather than applying the rule for professional services delivered to business customers in paragraph (B) of this subsection, the state or states to which the service is assigned is the place of receipt by the related party as reasonably approximated using the following hierarchy:
(1) if the service primarily relates to specific operations or activities of a related party conducted in one or more locations, then to the state or states in which those operations or activities are conducted in proportion to the related party's payroll at the locations to which the service relates in the state or states; or
(2) if the service does not relate primarily to operations or activities of a related party conducted in particular locations, but instead relates to the operations of the related party generally, then to the state or states in which the related party has employees, in proportion to the related party's payroll in those states. The taxpayer may use the safe harbor provided by paragraph (C) of this subsection provided that the department may aggregate the receipts from sales to related parties in applying the five percent rule if necessary or appropriate to avoid distortion.
(n) Receipts from the financial institution's investment assets and activities and trading assets and activities.
(A) Interest, dividends (less Oregon dividend deduction), net gains (but not less than zero), and other income from investment assets and activities and from trading assets and activities that are reported on the taxpayer's financial statements, call reports, or similar reports are included in the sales factor. Investment assets and activities and trading assets and activities include but are not limited to: investment securities, trading account assets, federal funds; securities purchased and sold under agreements to resell or repurchase, options, future contracts, forward contracts, notional principal contracts such as swaps, equities, and foreign currency transactions. With respect to the investment and trading assets and activities described in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of this paragraph, the sales factor includes the amounts described in such subparagraphs.
(i) The sales factor includes the amount by which interest from federal funds sold and securities purchased under resale agreements exceeds interest expense on federal funds purchased and securities sold under repurchase agreements.
(ii) The sales factor includes the amount by which interest, dividends (less Oregon dividend deduction), gains, and other income from trading assets and activities, including but not limited to assets and activities in the matched book, in the arbitrage book, and foreign currency transactions, exceed amounts paid in lieu of interest, amounts paid in lieu of dividends, and losses from such assets and activities.
(B) The numerator of the sales factor includes interest, dividends (less Oregon dividend deduction), net gains (but not less than zero), and other income from investment assets and activities and from trading assets and activities described in paragraph (A) that are attributable to this state.
(i) The amount of interest, dividends (less Oregon dividend deduction), net gains (but not less than zero) and other income from investment assets and activities in the investment account to be attributed to this state and included in the numerator of the sales factor is determined by multiplying all such income from such assets and activities by a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of such assets that are properly assigned to a regular place of business of the taxpayer within this state and the denominator of which is the average value of all such assets.
(ii) The amount of interest from federal funds sold and purchased and from securities purchased under resale agreements and securities sold under repurchase agreements attributable to this state and included in the numerator of the sales factor is determined by multiplying the amount described in subparagraph (i) of paragraph (A) from such funds and such securities by a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell that are properly assigned to a regular place of business of the taxpayer within this state and the denominator of which is the average value of all such funds and such securities.
(iii) The amount of interest, dividends (less Oregon dividend deduction), gains, and other income from trading assets and activities, including but not limited to assets and activities in the matched book, in the arbitrage book, and foreign currency transactions, (but excluding amounts described in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of this paragraph), attributable to this state and included in the numerator of the sales factor is determined by multiplying the amount described in subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (A) by a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of such trading assets that are properly assigned to a regular place of business of the taxpayer within this state and the denominator of which is the average value of all such assets.
(iv) For purposes of this paragraph, average value is determined using the rules for determining the average value of tangible personal property set forth in subsections (c) and (d) of section (5).
(C) In lieu of using the method set forth in paragraph (B) of this subsection, the taxpayer may elect, or the department may require in order to fairly represent the business activity of the taxpayer in this state, the use of the method set forth in this paragraph.
(i) The amount of interest, dividends (less Oregon dividend deduction), net gains (but not less than zero), and other income from investment assets and activities in the investment account to be attributed to this state and included in the numerator of the sales factor is determined by multiplying all such income from such assets and activities by a fraction, the numerator of which is the gross income from such assets and activities that are properly assigned to a regular place of business of the taxpayer within this state and the denominator of which is the gross income from all such assets and activities.
(ii) The amount of interest from federal funds sold and purchased and from securities purchased under resale agreements and securities sold under repurchase agreements attributable to this state and included in the numerator of the sales factor is determined by multiplying the amount described in subparagraph (i) of paragraph (A) from such funds and such securities by a fraction, the numerator of which is the gross income from such funds and such securities that are properly assigned to a regular place of business of the taxpayer within this state and the denominator of which is the gross income from all such funds and such securities.
(iii) The amount of interest, dividends (less Oregon dividend deduction), gains, and other income from trading assets and activities, including but not limited to assets and activities in the matched book, in the arbitrage book, and foreign currency transactions (but excluding amounts described in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of this paragraph) attributable to this state and included in the numerator is determined by multiplying the amount described in subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (A) by a fraction, the numerator of which is the gross income from such trading assets and activities that are properly assigned to a regular place of business of the taxpayer within this state and the denominator of which is the gross income from all such assets and activities.
(D) If the taxpayer elects or is required by the department to use the method set forth in paragraph (C) of this subsection, it must use this method on all subsequent returns unless the taxpayer receives prior written permission from the department, or the department requires the use of a different method.
(E) The taxpayer has the burden of proving that an investment asset or activity or trading asset or activity was properly assigned to a regular place of business outside of this state by demonstrating that the day-to-day decisions regarding the asset or activity occurred at a regular place of business outside this state. Where the day-to-day decisions regarding an investment asset or activity or trading asset or activity occur at more than one regular place of business, and one such regular place of business is in this state and one such regular place of business is outside this state, such asset or activity is considered to be located at the regular place of business of the taxpayer where the investment or trading policies or guidelines with respect to the asset or activity are established. Unless the taxpayer demonstrates to the contrary, such policies and guidelines are presumed to be established at the commercial domicile of the taxpayer.
(o) All other receipts. The numerator of the sales factor includes all other receipts described in (4)(a) and not sourced above as set forth below.
(A) Receipts derived from property, transactions, and activities having a connection to Oregon are included in the sales factor numerator. Receipts derived from the sale of tangible personal property have a connection to Oregon if the tangible personal property is delivered in Oregon or shipped from Oregon to a jurisdiction where the taxpayer is not taxable. Receipts derived from intangible personal property have a connection to Oregon if the intangible property is used or held for use in Oregon.
(B) A taxpayer must attach a statement to their return that describes each receipt and the property, transaction, or activity from which it is derived for any receipts to be considered "other receipts" for inclusion in either the numerator or denominator of the sales factor.
(p) Attribution of certain receipts to commercial domicile. All receipts that would be assigned under this section to a state in which the taxpayer is not taxable are included in the numerator of the sales factor if the taxpayer's commercial domicile is in this state.
(5) Property Factor.
(a) In general. The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer's real property, tangible personal property, loans, and credit card receivables located and used within this state during the taxable year and the denominator of which is the average value of all such property located and used both within and without this state during the taxable year.
(b) Property included. The property factor includes only property the income or expenses of which are included (or would have been included if not fully depreciated or expensed, or depreciated or expensed to a nominal amount) in the computation of the apportionable income base for the taxable year.
(c) Value of property owned by the taxpayer.
(A) The value of real property and tangible personal property owned by the taxpayer is the original cost or other basis of such property for federal income tax purposes without regard to depletion, depreciation, or amortization.
(B) Loans are valued at their outstanding principal balance, without regard to any reserve for bad debts. If a loan is charged off in whole or in part for federal income tax purposes, the portion of the loan charged off is not outstanding. A specifically allocated reserve established pursuant to regulatory or financial accounting guidelines that is treated as charged off for federal income tax purposes is treated as charged off for purposes of this section.
(C) Credit card receivables are valued at their outstanding principal balance, without regard to any reserve for bad debts. If a credit card receivable is charged off in whole or in part for federal income tax purposes, the portion of the receivable charged off is not outstanding.
(d) Average value of property owned by the taxpayer. See OAR 150-314-0398 and 150-314-0406.
(e) Average value of real property and tangible personal property rented to the taxpayer. See OAR 150-314-0400.
(f) Location of real property and tangible personal property owned by or rented to the taxpayer.
(A) Except as described in paragraph (B) of this subsection, real property and tangible personal property owned by or rented to the taxpayer is considered to be located within this state if it is physically located, situated, or used within this state.
(B) Transportation property is included in the numerator of the property factor to the extent that the property is used in this state. The extent an aircraft is deemed to be used in this state and the amount of value that is included in the numerator of this state's property factor is determined by multiplying the average value of the aircraft by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of landings of the aircraft in this state and the denominator of which is the total number of landings of the aircraft everywhere. If the extent of the use of any transportation property within this state cannot be determined, then the property is deemed to be used wholly in the state in which the property has its principal base of operations. A motor vehicle is deemed to be used wholly in the state in which it is registered.
(g) Location of loans.
(A)
(i) A loan is considered to be located within this state if it is properly assigned to a regular place of business of the taxpayer within this state.
(ii) A loan is properly assigned to the regular place of business with which it has a preponderance of substantive contacts. A loan assigned by the taxpayer to a regular place of business without the state is presumed to have been properly assigned if:
(I) The taxpayer has assigned, in the regular course of its business, such loan on its records to a regular place of business consistent with federal or state regulatory requirements;
(II) Such assignment on its records is based upon substantive contacts of the loan to such regular place of business; and
(III) The taxpayer uses said records reflecting assignment of loans for the filing of all state and local tax returns for which an assignment of loans to a regular place of business is required.
(iii) The presumption of proper assignment of a loan provided in subparagraph (A)(ii) of this section may be rebutted upon a showing by the department, supported by a preponderance of the evidence, that the preponderance of substantive contacts regarding such loan did not occur at the regular place of business to which it was assigned on the taxpayer's records. When such presumption has been rebutted, the loan is located within this state if:
(I) The taxpayer had a regular place of business within this state at the time the loan was made; and
(II) The taxpayer fails to show, by a preponderance of the evidence that the preponderance of substantive contacts regarding such loan did not occur within this state.
(B) In the case of a loan that is assigned by the taxpayer to a place without this state that is not a regular place of business, it is presumed, subject to rebuttal by the taxpayer on a showing supported by the preponderance of evidence, that the preponderance of substantive contacts regarding the loan occurred within this state if, at the time the loan was made, the taxpayer's commercial domicile, as defined by subsection (3)(c), was within this state.
(C) To determine the state in which the preponderance of substantive contacts relating to a loan have occurred, the facts and circumstances regarding the loan at issue will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis and consideration will be given to such activities as the solicitation, investigation, negotiation, approval, and administration of the loan. The terms "solicitation," "investigation," "negotiation," "approval," and "administration" are defined as follows:
(i) Solicitation. Solicitation is either active or passive. Active solicitation occurs when an employee of the taxpayer initiates the contact with the customer. Such activity is located at the regular place of business that the taxpayer's employee is regularly connected with or working out of, regardless of where the services of such employee were actually performed. Passive solicitation occurs when the customer initiates the contact with the taxpayer. If the customer's initial contact was not at a regular place of business of the taxpayer, the regular place of business, if any, where the passive solicitation occurred is determined by the facts in each case.
(ii) Investigation. Investigation is the procedure whereby employees of the taxpayer determine the credit-worthiness of the customer as well as the degree of risk involved in making a particular agreement. Such activity is located at the regular place of business that the taxpayer's employees are regularly connected with or working out of, regardless of where the services of such employees were actually performed.
(iii) Negotiation. Negotiation is the procedure whereby employees of the taxpayer and its customer determine the terms of the agreement (e.g., the amount, duration, interest rate, frequency of repayment, currency denomination, and security required). Such activity is located at the regular place of business that the taxpayer's employees are regularly connected with or working out of, regardless of where the services of such employees were actually performed.
(iv) Approval. Approval is the procedure whereby employees or the board of directors of the taxpayer make the final determination whether to enter into the agreement. Such activity is located at the regular place of business that the taxpayer's employees are regularly connected with or working out of, regardless of where the services of such employees were actually performed. If the board of directors makes the final determination, such activity is located at the commercial domicile of the taxpayer.
(v) Administration. Administration is the process of managing the account. This process includes bookkeeping, collecting the payments, corresponding with the customer, reporting to management regarding the status of the agreement, and proceeding against the borrower or the security interest if the borrower is in default. Such activity is located at the regular place of business that oversees this activity.
(h) Location of credit card receivables. For purposes of determining the location of credit card receivables, credit card receivables are treated as loans and are subject to the provisions of subsection (g) of this section.
(i) Period for which properly assigned loan remains assigned. A loan that has been properly assigned to a state, absent any change of material fact, remains assigned to that state for the length of the original term of the loan. Thereafter, the loan may be properly assigned to another state if the loan has a preponderance of substantive contact to a regular place of business there.
(6) Payroll factor. In general. The payroll factor is determined as provided in ORS 314.660 and the rules thereunder.
(7) The amendments to this rule are effective on January 1, 2018 and are applicable to tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2018.

Notes

Or. Admin. R. 150-314-0088
RD 7-1993, f. 12-30-93, cert. ef. 12-31-93; RD 3-1995, f. 12-29-95, cert. ef. 12-31-95; REV 8-2002, f. & cert. ef. 12-31-02; REV 2-2003, f. & cert. ef. 7-31-03; REV 6-2004, f. 7-30-04, cert. ef. 7-31-04; REV 3-2005, f. 12-30-05, cert. ef 1-1-06; REV 5-2006, f. & cert. ef. 7-31-06; REV 10-2009, f. 12-21-09, cert. ef. 1-1-10; Renumbered from 150-314.280-(N), REV 33-2016, f. 8-12-16, cert. ef. 9/1/2016; REV 71-2017, amend filed 12/22/2017, effective 1/1/2018

Publications: Contact the Oregon Department of Revenue to learn how to obtain a copy of the publication referred to or incorporated by reference in this rule pursuant to ORS 183.360(2) and 183.355(1)(b).

Statutory/Other Authority: ORS 305.100

Statutes/Other Implemented: ORS 314.280

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