Or. Admin. R. 150-317-0030 - Definition: "Doing Business"

Current through Register Vol. 61, No. 4, April 1, 2022

(1) A taxpayer is doing business when it engages in any profit-seeking activity in the State of Oregon. What transaction or transactions need be entered into within this state in the course of such an activity to constitute the doing or carrying on of business within the state is primarily a question of fact, depending upon the circumstances in each case.
Example 1 : The taxpayer is clearly doing business within this state if it occupies, has, maintains or operates an office, shop, store, warehouse, factory, agency or other place within this state where some of its affairs are systematically and regularly carried on, notwithstanding the fact that it may also enter into transactions outside this state.
Example 2 : A corporation engaged in the sale of tangible personal property is doing business within this state if sales activities are regularly carried on within this state by an employee or agent of the seller, and if either a stock of goods is maintained within this state, or an office or other place of business where affairs of the corporation are regularly carried on is maintained within this state.
Example 3 : A foreign corporation consigns goods to one or more consignees within Oregon who then sell the goods. The foreign corporation is doing business in Oregon since it has sales activity and a stock of goods within Oregon.
(2) A foreign corporation whose business is providing services is "doing business" in this state if it has employees providing those services in Oregon. It does not matter whether the services are provided on the client's property or on the corporation's own property since it is engaged in a profit seeking activity in Oregon.
(3) If a foreign corporation's business activities in this state are confined to purchase and storage of personal property incident to shipment outside the state, the corporation is not deemed to be doing business for corporation excise tax purposes if the following conditions are met:
(a) The personal property remains in the exact state or form as it was when purchased during the time it is located within Oregon.
(b) The foreign corporation is not an affiliate of another foreign or domestic corporation, as defined in section 1504 of the Internal Revenue Code, which is doing business in Oregon.
(4) The fact that a corporation has no employees in Oregon does not mean the corporation is not doing business in this state. If activities are performed in Oregon by a third party on behalf of the corporation, and the activities are not protected under Public Law 86-272, the corporation is doing business in Oregon.
Example 4 : The provision of in-state repair and warranty services by an independent contractor for a direct marketing computer company, advertised as part of its standard warranty or as an option that can be separately purchased, contribute significantly to the company's ability to establish and maintain its market for computer hardware sales in Oregon. Therefore, the computer company is doing business in Oregon. The extension of immunity for activities by independent contractors under Public Law 86-272 does not include repair and warranty service.
(5) A corporation that is not "doing business" in Oregon may still be subject to tax in this state. The Oregon corporation income tax under ORS Chapter 318 imposes tax on corporations that have income derived from sources within Oregon. See OAR 150-318.020(2) for a list and description of the activities that, if conducted in Oregon, will result in a corporation being subject to the corporation income tax.

Notes

Or. Admin. R. 150-317-0030
1959; 1-1-77, Renumbered from 150-317.010(8); RD 7-1983, f. 12-20-83, cert. ef. 12-31-83; RD 12-1990, f. 12-20-90, cert. ef. 12-31-90; RD 6-1996, f. 12-23-96, cert. ef. 12-31-96; REV 12-1999, f. 12-30-99, cert. ef. 12-31-99; REV 11-2013, f. 12-26-13, cert. ef. 1-1-14; Renumbered from 150-317.010(4), REV 67-2016, f. 8-15-16, cert. ef. 9/1/2016

Publications: The publication(s) referred to in this rule is available from the agency pursuant to ORS 183.360(2) and 183.355(6).

Stat. Auth.: ORS 305.100

Stats. Implemented: ORS 317.010

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