(1) In order to
qualify for or maintain a license, an AFH must comply with these
(a) Interior and exterior areas of the home,
including doorways, that may be used by residents must be wide enough, and
accessible according to each resident's individual needs, including any
mobility equipment used such as a wheelchair or walker.
All interior and exterior stairways must
be unobstructed, equipped with handrails on both sides, and appropriate to the
condition of the residents. (See also OAR 411-050-0725
GENERAL CONDITIONS. The
building, including the interior and exterior premises, furnishings, patios,
decks, and walkways, as applicable, must be clean, in good repair and well
(a) There must be no accumulation
of garbage, debris, rubbish, or offensive odors.
(b) Walls, ceilings, and floors must be of
such character to permit washing, cleaning, or painting, as
(c) All doors and
windows that are used for ventilation must have screens in good
The address numbers of the AFH must be placed on the home in a position that is
legible and clearly visible from the street or road fronting the property. If
the home is so situated that the address number is not legible and clearly
visible from the road fronting the property, such as when the home is accessed
via a lengthy driveway or private access road, then the address numbers must
also be posted where the driveway or private access road joins the fronting
road. The address numbers must be at least four inches in height, made of
reflective material, and contrast with the background.
(5) LIGHTING. Adequate lighting, based on the
needs of the occupants, must be provided in each room, stairway, and exit way.
Incandescent light bulbs and fluorescent tubes must be protected with
TEMPERATURE. The heating system must be in working order. Areas of the home
used by the residents must be maintained at a comfortable temperature. Minimum
temperatures during the day must be not less than 68 degrees, no greater than
85 degrees, and not less than 60 degrees during sleeping hours. Variations from
the requirements of this rule must be based on resident care needs or
preferences and must be addressed in each resident's care plan.
(a) During times of extreme summer heat, the
licensee or administrator must make reasonable effort to keep the residents
comfortable using ventilation, fans, or air conditioning. Precautions must be
taken to prevent resident exposure to stale, non-circulating air.
(b) If the facility is air-conditioned, the
system must be functional, and the filters must be cleaned or changed as needed
to ensure proper maintenance.
If the licensee or administrator is unable to maintain a comfortable
temperature for the residents during times of extreme summer heat, air
conditioning or another cooling system may be required.
(7) COMMON USE AREAS. Common use areas for
the residents must be accessible to all residents. There must be at least 150
square feet of common living space and sufficient furniture in the home to
accommodate the recreational and socialization needs of all the occupants at
one time. Common space may not be in an unfinished basement or garage unless
such space was constructed for that purpose or has otherwise been legalized
under permit. There may be additional space required if wheelchairs are to be
accommodated. An additional 40 square feet of common living space is required
for each adult day services individual, room and board tenant, or relative
receiving care for remuneration that exceeds the limit of five.
BATHROOMS. Bathrooms must:
(a) Provide individual privacy and have a
finished interior with a door that opens to a hall or common-use room. If a
resident's bedroom includes a private bathroom, the door for the private
bathroom must open to the bedroom. A resident must have direct access to a
bathroom without having to walk through another person's bedroom.
(b) Have a mirror, a window that opens or
other means of ventilation, and a window covering for privacy.
(c) Be clean and free of objectionable
(d) Have bathtubs, showers,
toilets, and sinks in good repair. A sink must be located near each toilet and
a toilet and sink must be available for the resident's use on each floor with
resident rooms. There must be at least one toilet, one sink, and one bathtub or
shower for each six household occupants.
(e) Have hot and cold water at each bathtub,
shower, and sink in sufficient supply to meet the needs of the
(f) Have nonporous
surfaces for shower enclosures. Glass shower doors, if applicable, must be
tempered safety glass, otherwise, shower curtains must be clean and in good
(g) Have non-slip floor
surfaces in bathtubs and showers.
(h) Have grab bars for each toilet, bathtub,
and shower to be used by the residents for safety.
(i) Have barrier-free access to toilet and
adequate supplies of toilet paper and soap supplied by the licensee. Residents
must be provided with individual towels and washcloths that are laundered in
hot water at least weekly or more often if necessary. Residents must have
appropriate racks or hooks for drying bath linens. If individual hand towels
are not provided, roller-dispensed hand towels or paper towels in a dispenser
must be provided for the residents' use.
Bedrooms for all household occupants must
(A) Been constructed as a bedroom when
the home was built or remodeled under permit.
(B) A finished interior with walls or
partitions of standard construction that extend from floor to
(C) A door that opens
directly to a hallway or common use room without passage through another
bedroom or common bathroom.
Adequate ventilation, heating, and lighting with at least one window that opens
and meets the requirements in OAR 411-050-0720
(E) At least 70 square feet of usable floor
space for one resident or 120 square feet for two residents excluding any area
where a sloped ceiling does not allow a person to stand upright.
No more than two occupants per room. (See
also OAR 411-049-0105
pertaining to a child's bedroom). This rule is not
intended to prohibit a child five years of age or younger from occupying their
licensee, any other caregivers, and family members may not sleep in areas
designated as living areas or share a bedroom with a resident. This rule is not
intended to prohibit a caregiver or other person of the resident's choosing
from temporarily staying in the resident's room when required by the resident's
(c) There must be a bed
at least 36 inches wide for each resident consisting of a mattress and springs,
or equivalent, in good condition. Cots, rollaways, bunks, trundles, daybeds
with restricted access, couches, and folding beds may not be used for
residents. Each bed must have clean bedding in good condition consisting of a
bedspread, mattress pad, two sheets, a pillow, a pillowcase, and blankets
adequate for the weather. Waterproof mattress covers must be used for
resident's bedroom must have a separate, private dresser and closet space
sufficient for the resident's clothing and personal effects, including hygiene
and grooming supplies. A resident must be provided a private, secure storage
space to keep and use reasonable amounts of personal belongings. A licensee may
not use a resident's bedroom for storage of items, supplies, devices, or
appliances that do not belong to the resident.
RESIDENT BEDROOM DOORS.
(A) All resident bedroom doors must have a
locking device on the inside of the door, released by a single
(B) Each resident shall be
provided a key that locks and unlocks only his or her bedroom door.
(C) A master key to all the residents'
bedroom door locks must be immediately available to the licensee and all other
caregivers in the home.
(f) Drapes or shades for bedroom windows must
be in good condition and allow privacy for the residents.
(g) Resident bedrooms must be in close enough
proximity to the licensee or caregiver in charge to alert the licensee or
caregiver in charge to resident nighttime needs or emergencies, or the bedrooms
must be equipped with a functional call bell or intercom within the residents'
abilities to operate. Intercoms may not violate the resident's right to privacy
and must have the capability of being turned off by the resident or at the
used by the licensee, administrator, resident manager, shift caregiver, and
substitute caregiver, as applicable, must be in the AFH and must have direct
access to the residents through an interior hallway or common use
(a) NON-MUNICIPAL WATER SOURCE. A public
water supply must be utilized if available. If a non-municipal water source is
used, the licensor, a sanitarian, or a technician from a laboratory accredited
for well water testing must collect and test a sample for coliform bacteria
annually or as required by the Department. Water testing and any necessary
corrective action to ensure water is suitable for drinking must be completed at
the licensee's expense. Water testing records must be retained for three
(b) Septic tanks or other
non-municipal sewage disposal systems must be in good working order.
(c) COMMODES AND INCONTINENCE GARMENTS.
Commodes used by residents must be emptied frequently and cleaned daily, or
more frequently if necessary. Incontinence garments must be disposed of in
Before laundering, soiled linens and clothing must be stored in closed
containers in an area that is separate from food storage, kitchen, and dining
areas. Pre-wash attention must be given to soiled and wet bed linens. Sheets
and pillowcases must be laundered at least weekly and more often if
(e) GARBAGE. Garbage and
refuse must be suitably stored in readily cleanable, rodent-proof, covered
containers, pending weekly removal.
(f) PESTS. Reasonable precautions must be
taken to prevent pests (e.g., ants, cockroaches, other insects, and