ORIENTATION TO EMERGENCY PROCEDURES. Within 24 hours of arrival, any new
resident or caregiver must be shown how to respond to a smoke and carbon
monoxide alarm, shown how to participate in an emergency evacuation drill, and
receive an orientation to basic fire safety, including the location of
designated smoking areas, if applicable. New caregivers must also be oriented
in how to conduct an evacuation.
(2) EVACUATION PLAN. An emergency evacuation
plan must be developed and revised as necessary to reflect the current
condition of the residents in the home. The evacuation plan must be rehearsed
with all occupants.
DRILL. An evacuation drill must be held at least once every 90 calendar days,
with at least one evacuation drill per year conducted during sleeping hours.
The evacuation drill must be clearly
documented, signed by the caregiver conducting the drill, and maintained
according to OAR 411-050-0745
The licensee and all other caregivers
must be able to demonstrate the ability to evacuate all occupants from the
facility to the initial point of safety within three minutes or less, and to
the final point of safety within an additional two minutes or less. The initial
and the final points of safety must both have direct access to a public
sidewalk or street and may not be in the backyard of a home unless the backyard
has direct access to a public street or sidewalk.
(A) The initial point of safety must be
exterior to and a minimum of 25 feet away from the structure.
(B) The final point of safety must be a
minimum of 50 feet away from the structure.
(c) SPRINKLERS. When an AFH has a sprinkler
system throughout the home that is maintained according to the adopted codes
and standards, all occupants may have up to five minutes to evacuate to the
initial point of safety, and two minutes to further evacuate occupants to the
final point of safety as indicated in (b)(A) of this section.
(a) A resident, who is non-ambulatory, has
impaired mobility, is cognitively impaired, or is not capable of
self-preservation, may not be placed in a bedroom on a floor without a second
ground level exit.
(b) A resident
with a bedroom above or below the ground floor must be able to demonstrate
their capability for self-preservation.
(c) STAIRS. Stairs must have a riser height
of between 6 to 8 inches and tread width of between 8 to 10.5 inches. Lifts or
elevators are not an acceptable substitute for a resident's capability to
ambulate stairs. (See also section 411-050-0720(6)).
EXIT WAYS. All exit ways must be barrier
free and the corridors and hallways must be a minimum of 36 inches wide or as
approved by the State Fire Marshal or the State Fire Marshal's designee.
(a) Interior doorways used by the residents
must be wide enough to accommodate residents' wheelchairs and walkers, and beds
that are used by residents for evacuation purposes.
(b) Any bedroom window or door identified as
an exit must remain free of obstacles that would interfere with evacuation or
(c) There must be a second
safe means of exit from all sleeping rooms. A caregiver whose sleeping room is
above the first floor may be required to demonstrate at the time of licensure,
renewal, or inspection, how the premises will be evacuated from the caregiver's
sleeping room using the secondary exit.
There must be at least one wheelchair
ramp from a minimum of one exterior door if an occupant of the home is
non-ambulatory. Wheelchair ramps must comply with the U.S. Department of
Justice's 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Standards for Accessible
Chapter 4, Accessible Routes, Section 405, Ramps).
(6) FLASHLIGHT. There must be at least one
plug-in, rechargeable flashlight in good functional condition available on each
floor of the home for emergency lighting.
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN. A licensee
or administrator must develop and maintain a written emergency preparedness
plan for the protection of all occupants in the home in the event of an
emergency or disaster.
emergency plan must:
evaluation of potential emergency hazards including, but not limited to:
(i) Prolonged power failure or water or sewer
(ii) Fire, smoke, or
(iv) Hurricane, tornado,
tsunami, volcanic eruption, flood, or earthquake.
(v) Chemical spill or leak.
(B) Include an outline of the caregiver's
duties during an evacuation.
Consider the needs of all occupants of the home including, but not limited to:
(i) Access to medical records necessary to
provide services and treatment.
(ii) Access to pharmaceuticals, medical
supplies, and equipment during and after an evacuation.
(iii) Behavioral support needs.
(D) Include provisions and
supplies sufficient to shelter in place for a minimum of three days without
electricity, running water, or replacement staff.
(E) Planned relocation sites.
(b) The licensee or administrator
must notify the Department or the LLA of the home's status in the event of an
emergency that requires evacuation and during any emergent situation when
(c) The licensee or
administrator must re-evaluate the emergency preparedness plan at least
annually and whenever there is a significant change in the home.