Or. Admin. R. 414-350-0170 - Home Safety

(1) All floor levels used by children for play and napping shall have two usable exits to ground level.
(2) All rooms used by children for play and napping shall have two usable exits.
(3) Obstructions, including furniture, storage of supplies, or any other items shall not be placed in a manner that blocks usable exits. The provider must complete a daily inspection to ensure that evacuation routes are clear and usable exits, including doors and escape windows, are operable.
(4) There shall be at least one 2-A-10 BC rated fire extinguisher on each floor of the home, unless the floor is not under the direct control of the provider.
(a) Fire extinguishers on floors where child care occurs must be designated on the floor plan required in OAR 414-350-0050 and either mounted or stored along the primary evacuation route. Fire extinguishers must be easily accessible and visible.
(b) If fire extinguishers are stored in a cabinet or closet, they must be mounted and there must be a sign indicating that the fire extinguisher is located inside. Obstructions, including furniture, storage of supplies, or any other items shall not be placed in a manner that blocks access to the cabinet or closet.
(5) The provider must inspect the fire extinguishers monthly and the inspection must be documented.
(6) Smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors shall be:
(a) Installed on each floor level of the home and in any area where children nap;
(b) Maintained in operating order; and
(c) Tested monthly to ensure they are in working order. The provider must document each test.
(7) Candles or other open flame decorative devices are prohibited, except for the brief use of celebratory candles.
(8) Matches and lighters shall be kept in locked storage when not in use.
(9) A portable light source, to be used in emergencies, shall be:
(a) Available in all activity areas used by children;
(b) In working condition; and
(c) Stored in an easily accessible place.
(10) Items of potential danger (e.g., cleaning supplies and equipment, paints, poisonous and toxic materials, plastic bags, aerosols, detergents) shall be:
(a) Kept in the original container or labeled;
(b) Stored under child-proof lock; and
(c) Kept away from food service supplies.
(11) The provider shall protect children from safety hazards, including but not limited to:
(a) A rigid screen or guard shall be installed to prevent children from falling into a fireplace or against a heater or wood stove;
(b) A movable barrier, such as mesh-type gate, shall be placed at the top and/or bottom of all stairways accessible to infants and toddlers. Gates and enclosures should have the Juvenile Products Manufacturers Assn. (JPMA) certification seal to ensure safety;
(c) Child-proof latches shall be installed on all cupboards, closets, and drawers that contain hazardous objects and may be accessible to preschool-age and younger children;
(d) Firearms, ammunition, and other potentially hazardous equipment, such as darts, other projectiles, power tools, and knives shall be kept under lock:
(A) Firearms, pellet or BB guns must be unloaded and kept in areas not used by child care children; and
(B) Ammunition shall be stored separately from firearms;
(e) Hot water heaters shall be equipped with a safety release valve and an overflow pipe that directs water to the floor or to another approved location;
(f) Unused appliances, such as old refrigerators or freezers, that present a risk for entrapment, shall be secured so as to prevent entry by children;
(g) Clear glass panels in doors shall be clearly marked at child level;
(h) All exposed electrical outlets in rooms used by preschool or younger children shall have hard-to-remove protective caps or safety devices when not in use;
(i) Extension cords shall not be used as permanent wiring. All appliance cords will be in good condition and multiple connectors for cords will not be used. A grounded power strip outlet with built-in over-current protection may be used;
(j) Floors shall be free of splinters, large unsealed cracks, sliding rugs, and other hazards;
(k) Devices which generate heat and are hot from recent use shall be inaccessible to children; and
(l) After painting or laying carpet, the certified home must be aired out completely for at least 24 hours with good ventilation before children are allowed to return.
(12) The provider shall have written evidence that any wood stove in the home has been inspected and approved for use by the local building official.
(13) All wood stove and fireplace flues shall be cleaned as needed or, at a minimum, once a year. A written record of cleaning shall be maintained on site.
(14) The use of unvented, fuel-fired space heaters is prohibited.
(15) Flammable and combustible materials:
(a) Shall be stored in the original container or a safety container;
(b) Must not be stored within 4 feet of furnaces, other flame or heat-producing equipment, or fuel-fired water heaters; and
(c) If over one gallon, kept in an unattached storage building.
(16) Fire drills shall be practiced monthly at various times during child care operation hours:
(a) Fire drills must include a drill using an alternate evacuation route at least once per year.
(b) An evacuation drill must be conducted when requested by CCLD during an announced visit.
(c) The provider must have an alert method (for example, a smoke alarm, strobe light, loud bell or whistle) to warn the occupants of the home of an emergency or drill.
(d) The provider must demonstrate efforts to complete full evacuation of staff and child care children within three minutes. If unable to evacuate within three minutes, the provider must engage in additional efforts including one or more of the following:
(A) Using evacuation cribs, strollers/buggies, or wagons;
(B) Providing staff with additional training;
(C) Giving children specific tasks to complete during the drill, such as holding onto a safety walking rope;
(D) Providing children with clear and direct instructions that are age-appropriate about what is happening during the drill;
(E) Reviewing and editing emergency plans and evacuation routes;
(F) Conducting additional evacuation drills;
(G) Incorporating fire safety planning into curriculum; and
(H) Other strategies identified by CCLD.
(17) The provider shall maintain a written record of each fire drill showing:
(a) The date and time;
(b) The exits used;
(c) The number and age range of children evacuated;
(d) The total number of people in the home at the time of the drill;
(e) The amount of time taken to evacuate the home;
(f) The name of the person conducting the drill; and
(g) The alert method used.
(18) One other aspect of the emergency plan in addition to the monthly fire drills shall be practiced at least every other month and must follow the recording requirements listed in OAR 414-350-0170(17)(a-g).
(19) The written plan for evacuating and removing children to a safe location in an emergency must be posted in the home and must be familiar to the children and the caregivers. The plan must include:
(a) Procedures for notifying parents or other adults responsible for the children, of the relocation and how children will be reunited with their families;
(b) Procedures to address the needs of individual children, including infants and toddlers, children with special needs, and children with chronic medical conditions;
(c) An acceptable method to ensure that all children in attendance are accounted for;
(d) Procedures in the event that children must shelter-in-place or if the child-care home must be locked-down so that no one can enter or leave; and
(e) Procedures for maintaining continuity of child-care operations.
(20) The provider must take precautions to protect children from vehicular traffic. The provider shall:
(a) Require drop off and pick up only at the curb or at an off-street location protected from traffic.
(b) Assure that any adult who supervises drop-off and loading can see and assure that children are clear of the perimeter of all vehicles before any vehicle moves.
(21) Other hazards observed in the certification process must be corrected.


Or. Admin. R. 414-350-0170
CSD 12-1988, f. 6-29-88, cert. ef. 7-1-88; CSD 2-1989, f. & cert. ef. 1-25-89; CCD 1-1994, f. & cert. ef. 1-12-94; Renumbered from 412-010-0748; CSD 10-1994, f. & cert. ef. 5-23-94; CCD 1-1995, f. 10-30-95, cert. ef. 11-1-95; CCD 3-2002, f. 10-14-02, cert. ef. 10-15-02; CCD 6-2005(Temp), f. 12-29-05, cert. ef. 1-1-06 thru 6-29-06; CCD 3-2006, f. & cert. ef. 6-13-06; CCD 4-2009(Temp), f. 12-30-09, cert. ef. 1-1-10 thru 6-30-10; Administrative correction 7-27-10; Reverted to CCD 3-2006, f. & cert. ef. 6-13-06; ELD 4-2016(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 9-29-16 thru 3-27-17; ELD 4-2017, f. & cert. ef. 3/27/2017; ELD 35-2018, minor correction filed 11/28/2018, effective 11/28/2018; ELD 11-2019, minor correction filed 05/23/2019, effective 5/23/2019; ELD 1-2022, temporary amend filed 01/26/2022, effective 01/26/2022 through 05/26/2022; ELD 2-2022, temporary amend filed 02/01/2022, effective 02/01/2022 through 05/26/2022; ELD 6-2022, amend filed 05/25/2022, effective 5/26/2022; DELC 138-2023, amend filed 12/06/2023, effective 1/1/2024

Statutory/Other Authority: ORS 329A.260

Statutes/Other Implemented: ORS 329A.260, ORS 329A.280, ORS 329A.290 & ORS 329A.420

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