In the JOBS, Pre-TANF, and TANF programs, the following
definitions apply to rules in OAR chapter 461 unless the context indicates
"Activity" means an
action or set of actions to be taken by a participant, as specified in the
(see section (6) of this rule). An "activity" is
intended to reduce barriers and:
the likelihood of self-sufficiency, employment, job retention, wage
enhancement, and financial independence; or
(2) "Adult Basic Education" means an
activity (see section (1) of this rule) in the basic
education (see section (5) of this rule) component
(see section (9) of this rule) that involves remedial education coursework
intended to ensure functional literacy and numeracy.
"Assessment" means an
of the program entry
(30) of this rule) component
that involves gathering
information to identify the strengths, interests, family circumstances, status
in the JOBS program, and vocational aptitudes and preferences of the
participant and to mutually determine an employment goal, the level of
engagement of the participant in the JOBS program, and which support
(see section (37) of this rule) are needed. This
includes providing screenings and evaluations (if
appropriate) to determine the level of engagement, accommodation, and
modification for the participant in the JOBS program. The screenings include,
but are not limited to, physical and mental health needs, substance use,
(see OAR 461-001-0000
), and learning
(4) "Barrier" means a
personal condition or circumstance that reduces the likelihood the participant
will become employed or the ability of the participant to engage in an
activity listed in the case plan.
"Basic education" means a
intended to ensure functional literacy for all JOBS
participants. "Basic education" activities are high school attendance,
English language learner
(see section (15) of this rule)
instruction, job skills training
(see section (21) of this
rule), adult basic education
(see section (2) of this rule)
instruction, and services that result in obtaining a general equivalency
diploma (GED). The component
is discussed in OAR 461-190-0171
(6) "Case plan"
(also known as a personal development plan) means a written outline, developed
in partnership by the participant and family coach, with input from community
partners as appropriate, listing activities and goals for the individual. The
"case plan" also identifies the support service payments, accommodations, and
modifications to help the participant complete the plan. The DHS 1543 -
Domestic Violence Assistance Agreement - is the "case plan" for participants
with safety concerns about domestic violence.
"Child activities" means an
that enables participants to gain skills in
successful parenting, balancing work and family, and contributing to the
well-being and health of the child
service program" means an activity in the unpaid
employment (see section (40) of this rule) component
in which the participant works without pay at a job site to enhance the
likelihood the participant will become employed and perform work for the direct
benefit of the community. This activity is available through
nonprofit organizations or public agencies.
(9) "Component" means a set of one or more
activities of the JOBS program including paid unsubsidized
employment (see section (29) of this rule), paid subsidized
employment (see section (28) of this rule), unpaid
employment, vocational training (see section (41) of
this rule), job search and readiness (see section (20) of this
rule), and basic education activities.
(10) "Core activities" means federally
defined countable work activities including paid unsubsidized
employment; paid subsidized employment; work
experience (see section (42) of this rule); job search and
readiness; community service program (see section (8)
of this rule); supported work (see section (38) of this rule);
and vocational training.
(11) "Crisis intervention" means short-term
services to protect family stability and safety due to an
immediate crisis need.
and alcohol services" means an activity in the job
search and readiness
component to help participants
identify and overcome addiction and substance use disorders that prevent or
limit their employability and self-sufficiency.
(13) "Employer contact" means participant
communication with an employer or employer's representative through a visit,
phone call, or mail to request consideration for employment.
"Employment Payments" means three
transitional payments totaling $225.00 paid as provided in OAR 461-135-1270
a benefit group
(see OAR 461-110-0750
) with employment income
to help transition families off TANF program services.
(15) "English Language Learner" (also known
as English as a Second Language) means an activity in the
basic education component. English Language
Learner classes are designed to give participants with limited English
proficiency better working skills in the language.
(16) "Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)" means
the law that applies to subject employers with participants working in the
unpaid employment component. "FLSA" requires that participants
engaged in unpaid employment, in effect, may not work more
hours than the combined value of the TANF and SNAP benefits divided by Oregon
required participation rates" means the participation rates required by section
407 of the Social Security Act (42 USC
(18) "High School or GED Completion
Attendance" means an activity in the basic education
component that involves attendance at a secondary school or in a
course of study that leads to the completion of the GED.
(19) "Job search" means an activity
in the job search and readiness component that
focuses on participants looking for and obtaining employment designed to
improve skills in locating and competing for employment in the local labor
market and may include writing resumes, receiving instruction in interviewing
skills, and engaging in group and individual "job search". There are two
categories of "job search": "initial job search" and "regular
job search". "Initial job search" may occur
during the Pre-TANF program. "Regular job search" begins not
later than the day after the Department finds the individual eligible for TANF
(20) "Job search and
readiness" means a component designed to prepare participants
to compete in the local labor market. Job search (see section
(19) of this rule), life skills (see section (23) of this
rule), drug and alcohol services (see section (12) of this
rule), mental health services (see section (25) of this rule),
and rehabilitation activities (see section (32) of this rule)
are the activities of the "job search and readiness"
skills training" means an activity in the basic
education component in which unpaid training required by an employer
is needed to gain the skills necessary to be hired, retain or advance in
program" means an activity
in the paid subsidized
that provides TANF participants with employment.
The participant receives their TANF and SNAP benefits as wages from the JOBS
Plus employer (see OAR 461-190-0401
(23) "Life skills" means an
activity of the job search and readiness
component. The activity develops
employment-preparation skills and skills and attitudes that are commonly found
in the workplace; and offer development of skills that prepare participants to
be successful in daily living.
"Medical Related Services" means activities to assess and address health
concerns that prevent or limit employment and self-sufficiency.
(25) "Mental health services" means an
activity in the job search and readiness
component that provides mental health screenings and assessments,
counseling, medication management, and support
"Non-core activities" means federally defined countable work activities that
include job skills training directly related to employment;
education directly related to employment; and satisfactory school attendance at
a secondary level or leading to a GED.
(27) "On-the-Job Training" means an activity
for paid employees who are in non-JOBS Plus subsidized employment placement, or
for students who are in an unpaid internship or a federal/state funded work
"Paid subsidized employment" means a
component in which participants are employed in a subsidized
public or private sector job. JOBS Plus program (see section
(22) of this rule) and on-the-job training (see section (27)
of this rule) are the activities in the "paid subsidized employment"
"Paid unsubsidized employment" means a component in which
participants are employed full- or part-time in an unsubsidized job and
receiving TANF benefits. Unsubsidized employment is a job that is not
subsidized by TANF or any other public program. Working (see
section (42) of this rule) is the activity in the paid unsubsidized
"Program entry" means an activity that captures JOBS
appointments, assessments (see section (3) of this rule) to identify a family's
needs and strengths, determines JOBS status, and mutually develops a
(good or satisfactory)" means a participant engaging in an education or
training activity makes "good progress" or "satisfactory
progress" by receiving a passing grade and progressing toward completion of
their course of study at no less than the normal rate of a half-time
activities" means an activity in the job search and
readiness component that provides medical or therapeutic screenings,
assessments, and treatment. This activity also includes
medical management and support groups.
(33) "Self-initiated training" means an
activity in which participants are enrolled in a two or four
year program, earning credit toward a college degree.
(34) "Social Security application" means the
activities associated with the process for individuals who are applying for
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or Social Security Disability Insurance
(35) "Stabilized living"
means an activity intended to stabilize participant housing
concerns that prevent or limit employment or self-sufficiency.
(36) "Stabilization, intervention, and other
activities" means activities that are non-countable for federal participation
purposes including child health and development, crisis
intervention (see section (11) of this rule), domestic
violence services, medical related services (see
section (24) of this rule), retention services, services to child welfare
families, social security application (see section (34) of
this rule), and stabilized living services (see section (35)
of this rule).
services" means services that participants need to engage successfully in
activities outlined in their case plan, seek and maintain
employment, or remove barriers.
(38) "Supported work" means an
activity in the unpaid employment
component that gives participants intensive staff support,
skill training, intervention, and counseling that will enable them to function
independently at work.
"Transition services" means services offered when the participant becomes
employed or becomes ineligible for cash benefits because of an increase in
income or resources.
employment" means a component in which a participant is placed
in an unpaid job to develop good work habits, training, and knowledge to obtain
employment. Employment may be in the private or public sector or through a work
simulation program. Work experience (see section (42) of this
rule), community service program, and supported
work (see section (38) of this rule) are the activities of the "unpaid
(41) "Vocational training" means an
activity and component of the JOBS program
that provides JOBS participants with up to 18 months access to specific
"vocational training" that will lead to a career with an appropriate wage level
and opportunity for employment.
(42) "Work experience" means an
activity in the unpaid employment component
in which the participant works without pay at a job site to develop good work
habits and basic vocational skills that enhance the likelihood the participant
will become employed. "Work experience" is available through private for-profit
businesses, nonprofit organizations, or public agencies.
(43) "Working" means an
activity in the unsubsidized employment
component in which a participant is working full- or part-time in the
public or private sector.