Or. Admin. R. 603-051-0283 - Definitions

(1) "Similar Type" means that the filberts in each container are of the same general type and appearance. For example, nuts of the round type shall not be mixed with those of the long type in the same container.
(2) "Dry" means that the shell is free from surface moisture, and that the shells and kernels combined do not contain more than ten percent moisture.
(3) "Well Formed" means that the filbert shell is not materially misshapen.
(4) "Clean and Bright" means that the individual filbert and the lot as a whole are practically free from adhering dirt and other foreign material, and that the shells have characteristic color.
(5) "Blank" means a filbert containing no kernel or a kernel filling less than 1/4 the capacity of the shell.
(6) "Split Shell" means a shell having any crack which is open and conspicuous for a distance of more than 1/4 the circumference of the shell, measured in the direction of the crack.
(7) "Damage" means any specific defect described in this section; or an equally objectionable variation of any one of these defects, any other defect, or any combination of defects which materially detracts from the appearance, or the edible or marketing quality of the filberts. The following specific defects shall be considered as damage:
(a) Stains which are dark and materially affect the appearance of the individual shell;
(b) Adhering husk when covering more than five percent of the surface of the shell in the aggregate;
(c) Shriveling when the kernel is materially shrunken, wrinkled, leathery, or tough;
(d) Discoloration when the appearance of the kernel is materially affected by black color.
(8) "Reasonably Well Developed" means that the kernel fills 1/2 or more of the capacity of the shell.
(9) "Badly Misshapen" means that the kernel is so malformed that the appearance is materially affected.
(10) "Rancidity" means that the kernel is noticeably rancid to the taste. An oily appearance of the flesh does not necessarily indicate a rancid condition.
(11) "Moldy" means that there is a visible growth of mold either on the outside or the inside of the kernel.
(12) "Insect Injury" means that the insect, frass, or web is present inside the nut, or the kernel shows definite evidence of insect feeding.


Or. Admin. R. 603-051-0283
AD 929(14-70), f. 10-20-70, ef. 11-1-70

Stat. Auth.: ORS 561.190 & ORS 632.900 - ORS 632.980

Stats. Implemented: ORS 632.900 - ORS 632.980

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