Or. Admin. R. 603-051-0320 - Definitions

As used in OAR 603-051-0305 to 603-051-0325:

(1) "Similar Type" means that the kernels are of the same general type and appearance (i.e., kernels of the round type shall not be mixed with those of the long type). Color of the kernels shall not be considered since there is often a marked difference in skin color of kernels of similar type.
(2) "Well Dried" means that the kernels are firm and crisp, not containing more than six percent moisture.
(3) "Clean" means practically free from plainly visible adhering dirt or other foreign material.
(4) "Foreign Material" means any substance other than the filbert kernel, or portions of kernels. Loose skins, pellicles, or corky tissue which have become separated from the kernel shall not be considered as foreign material, provided that this material does not exceed .02 of one percent by weight.
(5) "Damage" means any specific defect described in this section, or an equally objectionable variation of any one of these defects, or any other defect or any combination of defects, which materially detracts from the appearance of the edible or marketing quality of the individual portion of the kernel or of the lot as a whole. The following defects shall be considered as damage:
(a) "Chafing or scraping" means that more than 1/8 of the surface is affected;
(b) "Shriveling" means the kernel is materially shrunken, wrinkled, and tough;
(c) "Deformity" means that the kernel is deformed to the extent that the appearance is materially affected;
(d) "Internal flesh discoloration" means any black discoloration within the kernel. The natural brown stain which occurs within the internal cavity of some types of kernels shall not be considered damage.
(6) "Serious Damage" means any specific defects described in this section or an equally objectionable variation of any of these defects, or any other defect, or any combination of defects, which seriously detracts from the appearance or the edible marketing quality of the individual portion of kernel or of the lot as a whole. The following defects shall be considered as serious damage:
(a) "Serious shriveling" means that the kernel is seriously shrunken, wrinkled, and tough;
(b) "Broken kernels" means portions of kernels of which an estimated 1/4 or more of the original entire kernel has been broken off;
(c) "Moldy" means that there is a visible growth of mold either on the outside or inside of the kernel;
(d) "Rancidity" means that the kernel is noticeably rancid to the taste. An oily appearance of the flesh does not necessarily indicate a rancid condition;
(e) "Decay" means that any portion of the kernel is decomposed;
(f) "Insect injury" means that the insect, frass, or web is present, or the kernel or portion of kernel shows definite evidence of insect feeding.

Notes

Or. Admin. R. 603-051-0320
AD 682, f. 9-8-61; Renumbered from 603-051-0392; AD 1038(28-74), f. 8-20-74, ef. 9-11-74; AD 1065(11-75), f. 8-5-75, ef. 8-25-75; AD 1101(22-76), f. & ef. 7-20-76; AD 16-1979, f. & ef. 1-2-80

Stat. Auth.: ORS 561 & ORS 632

Stats. Implemented: ORS 632.900 - ORS 632.980

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