Or. Admin. R. 410-141-5060 - FINANCIAL SOLVENCY REGULATION: Qualified Trust Agreements

Current through Register Vol. 60, No. 12, December 1, 2021

(1) As used in this section:
(a) "Beneficiary" includes any successor by operation of law of the named beneficiary, including without limitation any liquidator, rehabilitator, receiver or conservator.
(b) "Grantor" means the entity that has established a trust for the sole benefit of the beneficiary. When established in conjunction with a reinsurance agreement, the grantor is the unauthorized or unlicensed unaccredited reinsurer.
(c) "Obligations" as used in subsection (2) means:
(A) Reinsured losses and allocated loss expenses paid by the cedent CCO, but not recovered from the reinsurer;
(B) Reserves for reinsured losses reported and outstanding;
(C) Reserves for reinsured losses incurred but not reported; and
(D) Reserves for allocated reinsured loss expenses and unearned capitated revenue.
(2) The following are required conditions applicable to the trust agreement:
(a) The trust agreement shall be entered into between the beneficiary, the grantor and a trustee that must be a Qualified United States Financial Institution.
(b) The trust agreement shall create a trust account into which assets must be deposited.
(c) All assets in the trust account shall be held by the trustee at the trustee's office in the United States.
(d) The trust agreement shall provide that:
(A) The beneficiary shall have the right to withdraw assets from the trust account at any time, without notice to the grantor, subject only to written notice from the beneficiary to the trustee;
(B) No other statement or document is required to be presented in order to withdraw assets, except that the beneficiary may be required to acknowledge receipt of withdrawn assets;
(C) It is not subject to any conditions or qualifications outside of the trust agreement; and
(D) It shall not contain references to any other agreements or documents except as provided for under subsection (l) of this section.
(e) The trust agreement shall be established for the sole benefit of the beneficiary.
(f) The trust agreement shall require the trustee to:
(A) Receive assets and hold all assets in a safe place;
(B) Determine that all assets are in such form that the beneficiary, or the trustee upon direction by the beneficiary, may whenever necessary negotiate any such assets, without consent or signature from the grantor or any other person or entity;
(C) Furnish to the grantor and the beneficiary a statement of all assets in the trust account upon its inception and at intervals no less frequent than the end of each calendar quarter;
(D) Notify the grantor and the beneficiary within ten days of any deposits to or withdrawals from the trust account;
(E) Upon written demand of the beneficiary, immediately take all steps necessary to transfer absolutely and unequivocally all right, title and interest in the assets held in the trust account to the beneficiary and deliver physical custody of the assets to the beneficiary; and
(F) Allow no substitutions or withdrawals of assets from the trust account, except on written instructions from the beneficiary, except that the trustee may, without the consent of, but with notice to the beneficiary, upon call or maturity of any trust asset, withdraw such asset upon condition that the proceeds are paid into the trust account.
(g) The trust agreement shall provide that at least 30 days but not more than 45 days prior to termination of the trust account, written notification of termination shall be delivered by the trustee to the beneficiary.
(h) The trust agreement shall be made subject to and governed by the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled.
(i) The trust agreement shall prohibit invasion of the trust corpus for the purpose of paying commissions to or reimbursing the expenses of the trustee.
(j) In order for a letter of credit to qualify as an asset of the trust, the trustee must have the right and the obligation pursuant to the deed of trust or some other binding agreement, as duly approved by the Authority, to immediately draw down the full amount of the letter of credit and hold the proceeds in trust for the beneficiaries of the trust if the letter of credit will otherwise expire without being renewed or replaced.
(k) The trust agreement shall provide that the trustee shall be liable for its negligence, willful misconduct or lack of good faith. The failure of the trustee to draw against the letter of credit in circumstances in which such a draw would be required shall be deemed to be negligence or willful misconduct, or both.
(l) The trust agreement may provide that the cedent CCO shall undertake to use and apply amounts drawn upon the trust account, without diminution because of the insolvency of the cedent CCO or the reinsurer, only for the following purposes:
(A) To pay or reimburse the cedent CCO for the reinsurer's share under the reinsurance agreement of any losses and allocated loss expenses paid by the cedent CCO, but not recovered from the reinsurer, or for unearned capitated revenue due to the cedent CCO if not otherwise paid by the reinsurer;
(B) To pay the reinsurer any amounts held in the trust account that exceed 102 percent of the actual amount required to fund the reinsurer's obligations under the reinsurance agreement; or
(C) When the cedent CCO has received notification of termination of the trust account and if the reinsurer's entire obligations under the reinsurance agreement remain unliquidated and undischarged ten days prior to the termination date, to withdraw amounts equal to the obligations and deposit those amounts in a separate account held apart from its general assets, in the name of the cedent CCO in any Qualified United States Financial Institution, in trust for such uses and purposes specified in paragraphs (A) and (B) of this subsection as may remain executory after such withdrawal and for any period after the termination date.
(3) The following are permitted conditions applicable to the trust agreement:
(a) The trust agreement may provide that the trustee may resign upon delivery of a written notice of resignation, effective not less than 90 days after the beneficiary and grantor receive the notice, and that the trustee may be removed by the grantor by delivery to the trustee and the beneficiary of a written notice of removal, effective not less than 90 days after the trustee and the beneficiary receive the notice, except that such a resignation or removal shall not be effective until a successor trustee has been duly appointed and approved by the beneficiary and the grantor and all assets in the trust have been duly transferred to the new trustee.
(b) The grantor may have the full and unqualified right to vote any shares of stock in the trust account and to receive from time to time payments of any dividends or interest upon any shares of stock or obligations included in the trust account. Any such interest or dividends shall be either forwarded promptly upon receipt to the grantor or deposited in a separate account established in the grantor's name.
(c) The trustee may be given authority to invest and accept substitutions of any funds in the account, except that an investment or substitution shall not be made without prior approval of the beneficiary, unless the trust agreement specifies categories of investments acceptable to the beneficiary and authorizes the trustee to invest funds and to accept substitutions that the trustee determines are at least equal in market value to the assets withdrawn.
(d) The trust agreement may provide that the beneficiary may at any time designate a party to which all or part of the trust assets are to be transferred. Such a transfer may be conditioned upon the trustee receiving other specified assets prior to or simultaneously with the transfer.
(e) The trust agreement may provide that, upon termination of the trust account, all assets not previously withdrawn by the beneficiary shall be delivered to the grantor with written approval by the beneficiary.
(4) The following are additional conditions applicable to reinsurance agreements:
(a) A reinsurance agreement may contain provisions that:
(A) Require the reinsurer to enter into a trust agreement and to establish a trust account for the benefit of the cedent CCO and specify what the agreement is to cover.
(B) Stipulate that assets deposited in the trust account shall be valued according to their current fair market value and shall consist only of cash in United States dollars; certificates of deposit issued by a United States bank and payable in United States dollars; and investments permitted by OAR 410-141-5095 to 410-141-5165 or any combination thereof, except that investments in or issued by an entity controlling, controlled by or under common control with either the grantor or the beneficiary of the trust shall not exceed five percent of total investments.
(C) Require the reinsurer, prior to depositing assets with the trustee, to execute assignments or endorsements in blank, or to transfer legal title to the trustee of all shares, obligations or any other assets requiring assignments, in order that the cedent CCO, or the trustee upon the direction of the cedent CCO, may whenever necessary negotiate these assets without consent or signature from the reinsurer or any other entity.
(D) Require that all settlements of account between the cedent CCO and the reinsurer be made in cash or its equivalent.
(E) Stipulate that the reinsurer and the cedent CCO agree that the assets in the trust account, established pursuant to the provisions of the reinsurance agreement, may be withdrawn by the cedent CCO at any time, notwithstanding any other provisions in the reinsurance agreement, and shall be used and applied by the cedent CCO or its successors in interest by operation of law, including without limitation any liquidator, rehabilitator, receiver or conservator of the cedent CCO, without diminution because of insolvency on the part of the cedent CCO or the reinsurer, only for the following purposes:
(i) To pay or reimburse the cedent CCO for:
(I) The reinsurer's share under the specific reinsurance agreement of unearned capitated revenue returned, but not yet recovered from the reinsurer.
(II) The reinsurer's share of benefits or losses paid by the cedent CCO pursuant to the provisions of the Member Contracts reinsured under the reinsurance agreement.
(III) Any other amounts necessary to secure the credit or reduction from liability for reinsurance taken by the cedent CCO.
(ii) To make payment to the reinsurer of amounts held in the trust account in excess of the amount necessary to secure the credit or reduction from liability for reinsurance taken by the cedent CCO.
(b) The reinsurance agreement may also contain provisions that:
(A) Give the reinsurer the right to seek the cedent CCO's approval, which the cedent CCO shall not unnecessarily or arbitrarily withhold, to withdraw from the trust account all or any part of the trust assets and transfer those assets to the reinsurer. The right to seek approval under this paragraph must be subject to one of the following requirements:
(i) The reinsurer shall, at the time of withdrawal, replace the withdrawn assets with other qualified assets having a market value equal to the market value of the assets withdrawn so as to maintain at all times the deposit in the required amount; or
(ii) After withdrawal and transfer, the market value of the trust account is no less than 102 percent of the required amount.
(B) Provide for:
(i) The reinsurer's return of any amount withdrawn in excess of the actual amounts required under subsection (2)(l)(B) of this section; and
(ii) Interest payments at a rate not in excess of the prime rate of interest on the amounts held in trust pursuant to this section.
(iii) Permit the award by any arbitration panel or court of competent jurisdiction of:
(I) Court or arbitration costs;
(II) Attorney fees; and
(III) Any other reasonable expenses.
(c) A trust agreement may be used to reduce any liability for reinsurance ceded to an unauthorized reinsurer in financial statements required to be filed with the Authority in compliance with the provisions of OAR 410-141-5010 to 5020 when established on or before the date of filing of the financial statement of the cedent CCO. The reduction for the existence of an acceptable trust account may be up to the current fair market value of acceptable assets available to be withdrawn from the trust account at that time, but such reduction shall be no greater than the specific obligations under the reinsurance agreement that the trust account was established to secure.

Notes

Or. Admin. R. 410-141-5060
DMAP 58-2019, adopt filed 12/18/2019, effective 1/1/2020

Statutory/Other Authority: ORS 413.042, 414.615, 414.625, 414.635 & 414.651

Statutes/Other Implemented: ORS 414.610 - 414.685

The following state regulations pages link to this page.



State regulations are updated quarterly; we currently have two versions available. Below is a comparison between our most recent version and the prior quarterly release. More comparison features will be added as we have more versions to compare.