Current through Register Vol. 46, No. 3, March 25, 2022
A. In accordance with Section
of the South Carolina Code of Laws, the Department of Revenue shall annually
make a ratio study of all the counties in the State to determine if the level
of appraisal and/or assessment and the degree of equity has been achieved as
required by law. This information shall be obtained initially from the Assessor
and field checked when necessary by personnel from the department. The sales
that best reflect market value sales will be used to make an analysis to
determine the level of appraisal and/or assessment and the degree of equity. If
a county has a median appraisal level for all property as a whole or any class
higher than 105% or lower than 80% of fair market value it shall be deemed
unacceptable by the department. If the index of inequality reaches a rating
higher than 15% for the county as a whole or any class of property, it shall be
deemed unacceptable by the department. However, in the classification of
agricultural when there is an insufficient number of market sales to determine
the level of appraisal or the index of inequality, the department shall make a
determination as to whether or not reassessment is required.
B. Average Appraisal. The median shall be the
criteria to determine the level of appraisal or assessment for all property as
a whole or for any class.
of Appraisal or Assessment Inequality. The index of inequality is defined as:
one-half the difference between the ratio of the third and first quartile
values over the median ratio.
1/2 (Q3 - Q1)
The answer when computed is registered as a percent. Whenever
this formula is used on all property as a whole or any class with a rating
above 15%, it shall be deemed unacceptable by the department.
D. Appraisal in Lieu of Sales. Whenever a
county lacks sufficient market value sales to make an accurate ratio study for
the county as a whole or any class, the department shall make appraisals of
real property which shall be used in lieu of sales in ascertaining level of
assessment and the degree of equity.
E. Valuation of Agricultural Property Based
on Use. The department shall make studies to determine if agricultural real
property is being appraised based on use as prescribed by law. The department
shall make necessary studies to estimate what the market value of agricultural
real property is when the highest and best use is for agricultural
Counties' Failure to
Meet the Requirements of the Law. Ratio studies will be made from market value
sales taking place from January 1 through December 31 of each year and the
county shall be notified of the findings of the ratio study on or before June
When a county fails to meet the standards herein prescribed,
the department shall notify the county assessor and governing body by June
first that the county fails to meet the standards and that a reassessment
program must be immediately initiated which must be completed within two (2)
years from the date of the notice or unless a one-year extension is granted
within the two (2) year period because of extreme circumstances. All
corrections in market sales reported for the preceding calendar year must be
made to the department on or before March 21st of the year in which the
reassessment program is to be implemented.
A failure to implement an acceptable reassessment program by
June first of the year in which implementation of the program is required will
mandate an order to the county auditor to abate or reduce the assessed value of
all other classes of property at the level of assessment of the real property
included in the program.