S.C. Code Regs. 61-58.14.D - System Specific Studies

Current through Register Vol. 46, No. 3, March 25, 2022

(1) System Specific Study Plan. For systems that choose to conduct a system specific study, the system specific study plan must be based on either existing monitoring results as required under paragraph (1)(a) of this section or modeling as required under paragraph (1)(b) of this section. The system specific study plan must be prepared and submitted to the Department according to the schedule in section B of this part.
(a) Existing monitoring results. Systems may comply by submitting monitoring results collected before they are required to begin monitoring under section B of this part. The monitoring results and analysis must meet the criteria in paragraphs (1)(a)(i) and (1)(a)(ii) of this section.
(i) Minimum requirements.
(A) TTHM and HAA5 results must be based on samples collected and analyzed in accordance with 40 CFR 141.131. Samples must be collected no earlier than five years prior to the study plan submission date.
(B) The monitoring locations and frequency must meet the conditions identified in this paragraph (1)(a)(i)(B). Each location must be sampled once during the peak historical month for TTHM levels or HAA5 levels or the month of warmest water temperature for every 12 months of data submitted for that location. Monitoring results must include all R.61-58.13 compliance monitoring results plus additional monitoring results as necessary to meet minimum sample requirements.

System Type

Population size category

Number of monitoring locations

Number of TTHM samples

Number of HAA5 samples

Subpart H

Less than 500

3

3

3

Subpart H

500 - 3,300

3

9

9

Subpart H

3,301 - 9,999

6

36

36

Subpart H

10,000 - 49,999

12

72

72

Subpart H

50,000 - 249,999

24

144

144

Subpart H

250,000 - 999,999

36

216

216

Subpart H

1,000,000 - 4,999,999

48

288

288

Subpart H

5,000,000 or greater

60

360

360

Ground Water

Less than 500

3

3

3

Ground Water

500 - 9,999

3

9

9

Ground Water

10,000 - 99,999

12

48

48

Ground Water

100,000 - 499,999

18

72

72

Ground Water

500,000 or greater

24

96

96

(ii) Reporting monitoring results. The information in this paragraph (1)(a)(ii) must be reported.
(A) Systems must report previously collected monitoring results and certify that the reported monitoring results include all compliance and non-compliance results generated during the time period beginning with the first reported result and ending with the most recent results of samples taken for compliance with R.61-58.13.
(B) Systems must certify that the samples were representative of the entire distribution system and that treatment, and distribution system have not changed significantly since the samples were collected.
(C) The system specific study monitoring plan must include a schematic of the distribution system (including distribution system entry points and their sources, and storage facilities), with notes indicating the locations and dates of all completed or planned system specific study monitoring.
(D) The system specific study plan must specify the population served and system type (subpart H or ground water).
(E) The system must retain a complete copy of the specific study plan submitted under this paragraph (1)(a), including any EPA or Department modification of the system specific study plan, for as long as they are required to retain the IDSE report under paragraph 2(g) of this section.
(F) If previously collected data that fully meet the number of samples required under paragraph (1)(a)(i)(B) of this section is submitted by the system and the Department rejects some of the data, the system must either conduct additional monitoring to replace rejected data on a schedule the Department approves or conduct standard monitoring under sectionR.61-58.14.C.
(b) Modeling. Systems may comply through analysis of an extended period simulation hydraulic model. The extended period simulation hydraulic model and analysis must meet the criteria in this paragraph (1)(b).
(i) Minimum requirements.
(A) The model must simulate 24-hour variation in demand and show a consistently repeating 24-hour pattern of residence time.
(B) The model must represent the criteria listed in paragraphs (1)(b)(i)(B)(1) through (1)(b)(i)(B)(9) of this section.
(1) 75% of pipe volume;
(2) 50% of pipe length;
(3) All pressure zones;
(4) All 12-inch diameter and larger pipes;
(5) All 8-inch and larger pipes that connect pressure zones, influence zones from different sources, storage facilities, major demand areas, pumps, and control valves, or are known or expected to be significant conveyors of water;
(6) All 6-inch and larger pipes that connect remote areas of a distribution system to the main portion of the system;
(7) All storage facilities with standard operations represented in the model;
(8) All active pump stations with controls represented in the model; and
(9) All active control valves.
(C) The model must be calibrated, or have calibration plans, for the current configuration of the distribution system during the period of high TTHM formation potential. All storage facilities must be evaluated as part of the calibration process. All required calibration must be completed no later than 12 months after plan submission.
(ii) Reporting modeling. The system specific study plan must include the information in this paragraph (1)(b)(ii).
(A) Tabular or spreadsheet data demonstrating that the model meets requirements in paragraph (1)(b)(i)(B) of this section.
(B) A description of all calibration activities undertaken, and if calibration is complete, a graph of predicted tank levels versus measured tank levels for the storage facility with the highest residence time in each pressure zone, and a time series graph of the residence time at the longest residence time storage facility in the distribution system showing the predictions for the entire simulation period (i.e., from time zero until the time it takes to for the model to reach a consistently repeating pattern of residence time).
(C) Model output showing preliminary 24-hour average residence time predictions throughout the distribution system.
(D) Timing and number of samples representative of the distribution system planned for at least one monitoring period of TTHM and HAA5 dual sample monitoring at a number of locations no less than would be required for the system under standard monitoring in sectionR.61-58.14.C during the historical month of high TTHM. These samples must be taken at locations other than existing R.61-58.13 compliance monitoring locations.
(E) Description of how all requirements will be completed no later than 12 months after the system submits their system specific study plan.
(F) Schematic of the distribution system (including distribution system entry points and their sources, and storage facilities), with notes indicating the locations and dates of all completed system specific study monitoring (if calibration is complete) and all R.61-58.13 compliance monitoring.
(G) Population served and system type (subpart H or ground water).
(H) Systems must retain a complete copy of their system specific study plan submitted under this paragraph (1)(b), including any EPA or Department modification of their system specific study plan, for as long as they are required to retain their IDSE report under paragraph (2)(g) of this section.
(iii) Systems that submit a model that does not fully meet the requirements under paragraph (1)(b) of this section, must correct the deficiencies and respond to EPA's or the Department's inquiries concerning the model. If the system fails to correct deficiencies or respond to inquiries to the Department's satisfaction, the system must conduct standard monitoring under R.61-58.14.C
(2) IDSE report.

The IDSE report must include the elements required in paragraphs (2)(a) through (2)(f) of this section. Systems must submit their IDSE report according to the schedule in R.61-58.14.B(2).

(a) The IDSE report must include all TTHM and HAA5 analytical results from R.61-58.13 compliance monitoring and all system specific study monitoring conducted during the period of the system specific study presented in a tabular or spreadsheet format acceptable to the Department. If changed from the system specific study plan submitted under paragraph (1) of this section, the IDSE report must also include a schematic of the distribution system, the population served, and system type (subpart H or ground water).
(b) If the system used the modeling provision under paragraph (1)(b) of this section, they must include final information for the elements described in paragraph (1)(b)(ii) of this section, and a 24-hour time series graph of residence time for each R.61-58.15 compliance monitoring location selected.
(c) The IDSE report must recommend and justify R.61-58.15 compliance monitoring locations and timing based on the protocol in R.61-58.14.G
(d) The IDSE report must include an explanation of any deviations from the system's approved system specific study plan.
(e) The IDSE report must include the basis (analytical and modeling results) and justification used to select the recommended R.61-58.15 monitoring locations.
(f) Systems may submit their IDSE report in lieu of a system specific study plan on the schedule identified in R.61-58.14.B(2) for submission of the system specific study plan if the system believes that it has the necessary information by the time that the system specific study plan is due. If the system elects this approach, their IDSE report must also include all information required under paragraph (1) of this section.
(g) Systems must retain a complete copy of the IDSE report submitted under this section for 10 years after the date that the IDSE report is submitted. If the Department modifies the monitoring requirements for compliance with R.51-58.15 that are recommended in the IDSE report or if the Department approves alternative monitoring locations, water systems must keep a copy of the Department's notification on file for 10 years after the date of the Department's notification. Systems must make the IDSE report and any Department notification available for review by the Department or the public.

Notes

S.C. Code Regs. 61-58.14.D

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