The dosing chamber, access riser and riser cover shall be watertight,
structurally sound and not subject to excessive corrosion or decay. The dosing
chamber shall be of one (1) compartment design. They shall be of such
construction and size as specified in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of
Rule0400-48-01-.09, excluding those requirements strictly relating to two (2)
(a) The access riser
shall have a minimum diameter of twenty-four (24) inches and extend to the
finished grade or above. Rectangular or square risers may be allowed provided
the size of the opening provides the equivalent access as a circular riser. An
access riser with a minimum diameter of sixteen (16) inches may be used
provided the threaded union on the pump outlet pipe is located within two (2)
feet of the top of the access riser. The access riser shall be located near the
outlet end of the tank, directly above the pump or siphon, supply line,
switches and other fixtures.
The dosing chamber volume shall be a minimum of two (2) times daily wastewater
flow except when an alternate pump equipped with an in-tank supply line and
switch assembly is on-site and ready for use. If the alternate pump, in-tank
supply line and switch assembly is on-site and ready for use, the minimum
dosing chamber volume shall be a total of the volume of water below the static
level plus the designed dosing volume plus one-half (1/2) the daily
Pumps, Pipes and Controls
(a) The gallons per
minute (gpm) flow in a dosing system shall be determined by the distribution
network it doses. If the distribution network is of such design that the gpm
flow is not confined to specific amounts, the minimum flow shall be ten (10)
Total dynamic head (TDH)
shall be determined by adding the following:
1. Elevation head is the difference in
elevation between the bottom of the pump and the highest ground elevation at
the disposal field. The minimum assigned elevation head shall be five (5)
2. Friction head shall be
determined from Appendix III plus fittings loss.
3. Pressure head is the amount of pressure
desired at the distribution network and shall be a minimum of one (1)
(c) When pumping
uphill, a check valve must be utilized if the volume of effluent which will
flow back into the tank exceeds one-fourth (1/4) daily flow.
(d) The dosing volume shall be between
one-fourth (1/4) and one-half (1/2) daily flow, except in those situations
where the minimum dose exceeds one-half (1/2) daily flow, then the calculated
minimum dose shall be the dosing volume.
Pipe and Fittings
1. All pipe materials shall be a minimum of
Schedule 40 PVC.
2. All fittings
shall be pressure fittings.
connections shall be adequately cleaned with cleaning solvent and glued with
PVC solvent cement.
4. If used, the
gate or globe valve(s) and check valve shall be either bronze or PVC.
5. The supply line shall be designed and
installed to drain after each use unless system design requires a check
Controls and Alarm System
1. The pump shall be
a good quality, effluent pump and be of sufficient size to meet or exceed the
gallons flow requirement and the total dynamic head requirement set forth by
The pump float
controls must be adjustable.
(i) The controls
must be sealed against entry of effluent or gases.
The alarm system.
(i) The high water alarm shall be required
and consist of an audible and visible alarm located in a visible place and
clearly marked "wastewater system alarm".
(ii) The alarm and alarm switches shall be
placed on a separate electrical circuit from the pump power line.
(iii) The alarm float control shall be placed
so as to be activated when the pump chamber water level rises above the "pump
on" float control.
Pump and Controls
1. The pump must be placed so that the intake
is a minimum of eight (8) inches above the bottom of the pump
2. As a means to remove
the pump from the pump chamber, a material of sufficient strength and
durability must be secured to the pump and access riser.
3. The pump control must be positioned so the
"pump off" switch is slightly above the top of the pump and the "pump on"
switch is at the desired dosing depth. The "pump off" switch for pumps
specifically designed to operate with the pump motor casing exposed to air, may
be located at a lower elevation provided an adequate depth of wastewater is
maintained above the pump intake to insure that the pump intake will not draw
4. The pump outlet pipe
must be connected to the supply manifold with a threaded union or similar
5. When a disposal system
requires a specific pressure head, a PVC or bronze, gate or globe valve shall
be placed in the supply line.
the effluent is pumped downhill, a five-thirty seconds (5/32) inch siphon
breaker hole must be drilled in the bottom of the supply line inside the pump
tank, above the liquid level.
All electrical installations shall be installed to meet the current wiring
methods of the current edition of the "National Electric Code"
(NEC) adopted by the State Fire Marshall's office.
Where a dosing
system is required in accordance with part (3)(c)1 of Rule 0400-48-01-.07, and
where elevation permits gravity flow to be utilized, dosing siphons may be used
in lieu of pumps to distribute septic tank effluent to the disposal field.
1. The single dose volume for siphons shall
not exceed a total of one-fourth (¼) of the daily flow. In the case of
dual siphons, this limit shall apply to the single dose volume for each
2. If the
absorption field is of divided design, dual siphons designed for automatic
alternating operation may be installed within a single dosing
3. Dosing siphons shall be
fabricated of materials that are non-corrosive, and are of adequate structural
strength and durability. Siphons shall be mounted and installed to the precise
elevations required to ensure proper operation.
Dosing Siphon Chambers
1. The dosing siphon chamber size and volume,
and selected siphon drawdown, shall be coordinated in the design so as to
produce the desired single dose volume.
2. Dosing siphon chambers shall be watertight
single compartment round or rectangular precast reinforced concrete structures
with an access riser of twenty-four (24) inch minimum diameter.
3. Dosing siphon chambers shall be of large
enough dimension to allow working room for repair and replacement as
boxes shall be installed at the head of each absorption field in order to
reduce the entry velocity of the dosing chamber effluent. The access riser and
cover shall be watertight and have a minimum diameter of twenty-four (24)
inches, extending to the finished grade or above, shall be installed on each
splash box to allow for inspection and flow verification. Splash box volume and
exit pipe dimension shall be adequate to prevent splash box overflow and/or
Tenn. Comp. R. & Regs.
Original rule filed June 20, 2013;
effective September 18, 2013. Rule renumbered
68-221-401 et seq. and 4-5-201 et