All invalid vehicles operating in the State of Tennessee
shall meet the following standards.
(1) The invalid vehicle shall be used only
for the transport of an "invalid". "Invalid" shall mean a person whose physical
impairments render it impractical to use regular common carrier taxi service
and who does not require provision of medical attention prior to or during
(2) To preclude
substitution of services or the negligent or adverse delivery of medical
transportation, after January 1, 1987 no ambulance service shall be authorized
permits for invalid vehicles.
Vehicles permitted for invalid transfer shall not display or use markings,
flashing lights, sirens, or other devices which might resemble an emergency
(a) The word AMBULANCE
or the term AMBULANCE SERVICE shall not appear on the vehicle, nor
shall these terms be used to identify the nature of service or used in any
advertising and vehicles used for invalid transfer shall display in a
conspicuous manner a placard, visible from the exterior, or a notice on
advertisements as follows:
INVALID TRANSPORT - THIS SERVICE DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL
Vehicles permitted for
invalid transfer shall meet the following design requirements:
(a) At least two doors shall allow access to
the passenger compartment one at the rear for stretcher loading, and one at the
side capable of evacuating a stretcher patient. Door latches shall allow
operation from the interior and exterior.
The invalid vehicle shall provide the
following minimal dimensions:
height: 42 inches, floor to ceiling,
2. Interior width: 48 inches, measured
fifteen (15) inches above the floor,
3. Interior passenger compartment length of
92 inches, measured fifteen (15) inches from floor, from rear door to divider
or driver seat back.
Operations and records for invalid
transport shall be maintained as follows:
Employee records for all drivers and attendant personnel. Each person
transported shall be accompanied in the patient compartment.
(b) Run records showing the name, location
and destination for each person transported, and personnel completing transfer,
identifying the date, time, and vehicle utilized.
(c) Records on the registration and
maintenance of all invalid vehicles.
(d) All records detailed herein shall be made
available to the duly authorized representative of the department.
Invalid vehicles shall be
equipped as follows:
(a) Each vehicle shall
have a crash stable device for securing the stretcher.
(b) Each vehicle shall have a wheeled
stretcher adjustable to a semi-sitting position, with at least two patient
safety restraining straps.
vehicle shall have a blanket and pillow, and clean linen shall be used for each
vehicle shall provide a bedpan, urinal, basin, tissues and towels as needed for
personal hygiene during transport.