(1) Physician is defined as a person licensed
to practice medicine or surgery in Tennessee and a person licensed to practice
osteopathy in Tennessee.
Physician to Population Ratio: The ratio derived by dividing the population of
the area by the number of physicians providing medical service in the area.
Only physicians spending 50% or more of their time giving direct patient care,
in an office or facility-based practice, and who are under 65 years of age in
the year that the ratio is determined, shall be counted; interns, residents and
federal physicians are excluded.
(3) Physician Shortage Area (PSA): An area in
the State of Tennessee designated by the Commissioner of the Tennessee
Department of Health, as an area where there is a shortage of primary care
(4) Population: The
number of persons residing in an area according to the most recent census of
most current issue of "Current Population Reports" as determined and published
by the U.S. Department of Commerce/Bureau of Census.
(5) Primary Care: Basic level of health care
generally rendered by general practitioners, family practitioners, internists,
obstetricians, and pediatricians. This type of care emphasizes caring for the
patient's general health needs as opposed to a more specialized or fragmented
approach to medical care. This care is usually rendered in an outpatient
Shortage Area (HMSA): An area which is designated by the Secretary of the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to
as having an acute
shortage of health providers.