13VAC10-40-15 - Definitions

13VAC10-40-15. Definitions

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Act" means the Virginia Housing Development Authority Act (§ 36-55.24 et seq. of the Code of Virginia).

"Applicant" means a person who has applied for an authority mortgage loan.

"Authority" means the Virginia Housing Development Authority.

"Borrower" means a person who has obtained an authority mortgage loan.

"Delegated lender" means an originating lender that has received approval from the authority to act in a delegated capacity to approve authority mortgage loans without prior review by the authority.

"Fannie Mae" means the Federal National Mortgage Association.

"Fannie Mae loan" means a mortgage loan made pursuant to the requirements of Fannie Mae.

"FHA" means the U.S. Federal Housing Administration.

"FHA loan" means a mortgage loan insured by FHA.

"First mortgage loan" means a mortgage loan that is in a first lien position.

"Freddie Mac" means the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.

"Freddie Mac loan" means a mortgage loan made pursuant to the requirements of Freddie Mac.

"Gross income" means the combined annualized gross income of all borrowers and nonborrower occupants taking title to a dwelling unit from whatever source derived and before taxes or withholdings.

"Median family income" has the meaning set forth in § 143(f)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

"Nondelegated lender" means an originating lender that has not received approval from the authority to act in a delegated capacity, such that authority mortgage loans must be submitted to the authority for approval.

"Origination guide" means the authority document prepared and revised from time to time, setting forth the accounting and other procedures to be followed by all originating lenders responsible for the origination, closing, and selling of mortgage loans under the applicable purchase agreements.

"Originating agents" means mortgage brokers, financial institutions, and other private firms and individuals and governmental entities approved by the authority for the purpose of receiving applications for mortgage loans.

"Originating lenders" means commercial banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, private mortgage bankers, redevelopment and housing authorities, and agencies of local government approved by the authority to make mortgage loans pursuant to authority loan programs.

"Present ownership interest" means an ownership interest in a principal residence including:

1. A fee simple interest;

2. A joint tenancy, a tenancy in common, or a tenancy by the entirety;

3. The interest of a tenant shareholder in a cooperative;

4. A life estate;

5. A land contract, under which possession and the benefits and burdens of ownership are transferred although legal title is not transferred until some later time; and

6. An interest held in trust for the eligible borrower (whether or not created by the eligible borrower) that would constitute a present ownership interest if held directly by the eligible borrower.

Interests that do not include a present ownership interest include:

1. A remainder interest;

2. An ordinary lease with or without an option to purchase;

3. A mere expectancy to inherit an interest in a principal residence;

4. The interest that a purchaser of a residence acquires on the execution of an accepted offer to purchase real estate; and

5. An interest in other than a principal residence during the previous three years.

"Purchase agreement" means an agreement entered into between an originating lender and the authority containing such terms and conditions as the executive director shall require with respect to the origination and selling of mortgage loans to the authority.

"Rural Development loan" means the U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Development mission area, and one of its agencies, the Rural Housing Service.

"Targeted areas" means those areas which are a qualified census tract or an area of chronic economic distress. A qualified census tract is a census tract in the Commonwealth in which 70% or more of the families have an income of 80% or less of the statewide median family income based on the most recent "safe harbor" statistics published by the U.S. Treasury. An area of chronic economic distress is an area designated as such by the Commonwealth and approved by the Secretaries of Housing and Urban Development and the Treasury under criteria specified in the tax code. Originating lenders will be informed by the authority as to the location of areas so designated.

"Tax code" means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (26 USC § 1 et seq.).

"VA" means the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

"VA loan" means a mortgage loan that is guaranteed by VA.

(Derived From, Virginia Register Volume 35, Issue 14, eff. 3/4/2019.)

Statutory Authority: § 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

The following state regulations pages link to this page.