(1) Safe access to
top of railroad cars or trucks. Platforms with ladders or stairways must be
installed or made available when needed so that workers may safely gain access
to and perform work on the top of railroad cars or trucks when ladders are not
installed on such equipment.
Nets not to cover ladders. Rolled chip nets must not be positioned where they
cover the ladders on railroad cars or trucks.
(3) Tipple type unloading device. When a
tipple type unloading device is used for removing chips from cars, the cars
must be properly secured in place and all employees must be in the clear before
dumping operation is started.
Handling pulp chips and hog fuel from trucks and trailers.
(a) Elevating platform-type or cable-lift
type unloading devices must have adequate back bumper stops.
(b) Side rails or other positive means to
prevent the trailer from falling must be used while unloading single trailer
(c) The truck or tractor
must be secured when elevating platform lifts are used to elevate both the
tractor and trailer or single unit trucks.
(d) All personnel must be clear of all
hoisting or elevating mechanisms before dumping commences.
(e) No person is allowed in any truck while
the truck is being elevated.
(5) Taking chip samples. A safe area and
suitable device must be provided for the chip tester to use while taking chip
(6) Derail required for
hazardous materials. To protect tank cars from being moved while loading or
unloading hazardous materials by use of pipes or hoses, a derail and blue flag
must be set between the spotted tank cars and any moving railroad
(7) Moving cars by
tugger or powered drums. When rail cars are moved by a tugger or powered drums
with cables, a means should be provided or the area barricaded in such a manner
that the moving cables do not endanger the workers.
Handling pulpwood from flatcars and all
other railway cars.
(a) Railroad flatcars for
the conveyance of pulpwood loaded parallel to the length of the car must be
equipped with safety-stake pockets.
(b) Where pulpwood is loaded crosswise on a
flatcar sufficient stakes of sizes not smaller than 4 by 4 inches must be used
to prevent the load from shifting.
Cutting stakes on log bundles. When it is
necessary to cut stakes:
(i) Those on the
unloading side should be partially cut through first, and then the binder wires
cut on the opposite side;
cutters equipped with long extension handles must be used; and
(iii) No person is permitted along the
dumping side of the car after the stakes have been cut.
Cutting bands on log bundles. When
cutting bands on bundled logs, workers must
(i) Position themselves in a safe
(ii) Not use double
bitted axes for cutting bands;
Use caution to prevent being struck by ends of bands being cut; and
(iv) If needed, wear personal protective
and all other cars must
during unloading; and
clamping chocks must be used when equipment is not provided with hand brakes.
pulpwood from trucks.
(a) Cutting of stakes
and binder wires must be done in accordance with (8)(c) of this
Binders or stakes must
not be loosened or removed:
(i) Until the logs
are secured and held by equipment which will prevent them from rolling off the
(ii) Barricades will
prevent logs from striking the person removing the binders or stakes.
Where binder chains and crane
slings are used:
(i) The crane slings must be
attached and taut before the binder chains are released; and
(ii) The hooker must see that the helper is
clear before signaling for the movement of the load.
The truck driver must
(i) Leave the truck cab and remain in the
clear, preferably in a designated area)); and
(ii) Be in clear view of the unloading
equipment operator while the unloader is approaching the loaded
(e) After a
complete load is lifted as a unit and held stationary, the truck driver may
enter the cab and drive forward from under the suspended