The following definitions shall apply to this chapter:
Local geodetic control
surveys: Surveys for the specific purpose of establishing control points
for extending the National Geodetic Survey horizontal and vertical control
nets, also known as the National Spatial Reference System (NSRS), but not
submitted to the National Geodetic Survey for inclusion in the NSRS.
GLO and BLM: The General
Land Office and its successor, the Bureau of Land Management.
Land boundary surveys: All
surveys, whether made by individuals, entities or public bodies of whatever
nature, for the specific purpose of establishing, reestablishing, laying out,
subdividing, defining, locating and/or monumenting the vertical or horizontal
boundary of any easement, right of way, lot, tract, or parcel of real property
or which reestablishes or restores General Land Office or Bureau of Land
Management survey corners.
Land corner record:
The record of corner information form as
prescribed by the department of natural resources in WAC 332-130-025
Land description: A
description of real property or of rights associated with real
surveyor: Any person authorized to practice the profession of land
surveying under the provisions of chapter 18.43 RCW.
Independent observations of a quantity that are collected under different
conditions. Horizontal angles measured to a point from multiple backsights,
observing reciprocal zenith angles and backsight distances, "closing the
horizon," and GNSS positions for a point that are computed using different
satellite constellations are examples of redundant measurements.
Parcel: A part or portion of
real property including but not limited to GLO and BLM segregations, easements,
rights of way, aliquot parts of sections or tracts.
Survey Recording Act: The
law as established and designated in chapter 58.09 RCW.
Washington plane coordinate
system: The system of plane coordinates as established and designated by
chapter 58.20 RCW.
A land boundary survey capable of
intelligent interpretation will provide, either on the face of the document or
by reference to other pertinent surveys of record, information that is
sufficient in kind and quality to explain the rationale for the boundary
locations shown thereon and to allow for the accurate and unambiguous
retracement or re-creation thereof without requiring oral testimony for
clarification. Includes, but is not limited to, information required in RCW
and WAC 332-130-050
Relative accuracy: Relative
accuracy is the theoretical uncertainty in the horizontal position of any
subordinate point or corner with respect to other controlling points or
corners, whether set, found, reestablished, or established. Relative accuracy
is not related to uncertainties due to differences between measured values and
precision: An expression of linear misclosure, e.g., 1 part in 5000, in
a closed traverse. Relative precision is computed after azimuths in a traverse
have been adjusted. Relative precision is not a reliable predictor of relative
point or corner: Those points, whose horizontal positions are used to
compute, establish or reestablish the horizontal positions of other subordinate
points or corners. Subordinate points or corners are therefore dependent upon
the positions of controlling points or corners.
GNSS: Global navigation
Signature: A handwritten identification, or a scanned image of a
handwritten identification, that represents the act of signing the person's
name on a document to attest to its validity. This must be made with black ink
on the document being certified; applied to the document by the identified
person; and under the exclusive control of the person.