204-21-180 - Deceleration alert lamp system

204-21-180. Deceleration alert lamp system

(1) Deceleration warning lights must:

(a)Be installed as follows:

(i) Only one such system may be mounted on a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, truck tractor, or pole trailer.

(ii) Provision must be made for rigid or shock-absorbing mounting.

(iii) The axis of the light beam must be parallel to the roadway and the longitudinal axis of the vehicle.

(iv) The lamp must be mounted on the centerline of the rear exterior of the vehicle or with the optical center of the lamp not more than fifteen inches from the centerline.

(v) The deceleration warning light system must be mounted as nearly as practicable at the same height as the existing stop lamps on the vehicle.

(vi) Visibility of the deceleration lamps to the rear must not be obstructed by any part of the vehicle or load thereon.

(b)Meet Type I or Type II requirements and test methods for a deceleration alert system.

(i) Type I - the system must:

(A) Be mounted on the rear of the vehicle as close as possible to the vertical centerline of the vehicle.

(B)Be mounted at a height of not more than seventy-two inches nor less than fifteen inches.

(C) Have a center-to-center (optical axis) distance between two adjacent compartments not exceeding six inches.

(D)Have three compartments. The center compartment emits a green light and is energized when the vehicle operator has the accelerator depressed. The two outer compartments emit an amber light and are energized when the operator releases the accelerator and prior to applying pressure to the foot brake pedal. When the amber lights are energized, the green light is deenergized. When pressure is applied to the foot brake pedal, the amber lights are deenergized and the vehicle's stop lamps operate in the normal manner. SAE Standard J578d is adopted for color chromaticity boundaries.

(E)Meet the requirements under the following sections of SAE J575g: Section B, samples for test; Section C, lamp bulbs; Section D, laboratory facilities; Section E, vibration test; Section F, moisture test; Section G, dust test; Section H, corrosion test; and Section J, photometry. If plastic material is used in optical parts it must comply with the requirements set forth in SAE J576c.

(F)Measure the beam candle power with the H-V axis taken as paralleled to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. The candle power measurements for the center green compartment must be made with the incandescent filament of the lamp at least ten feet from the photometric screen.

Beam candle power measurements of the two amber compartments must be made by either of the following methods:

(I) The two compartments may be photometered together provided that a line from the optical axis (filament centers) of each compartment to the center of the photometer sensing device does not make an angle of more than 0.6° with the photometer (H-V) axis.

(II)Each compartment may be photometered separately by aligning its axis with the photometer and adding the value at each test point.

Table 1 lists the design candle power requirements for the two outer amber lights, and Table 2 lists the design candle power requirements for the center green light.

Table 1

Minimum Design Candle power Requirements for Amber Light
Test Points Candle power
10 up 10L 25
and V 65
10 down 10R 25
   20L 25
   10L 65
5 up 5L 85
and V 125
5 down 5R 85
   10R 65
   20R 25
   20L 25
   10L 75
   5L 125
   H-V 175
   5R 125
   10R 75
   20R 25
   Maximum 450

Table 2

Minimum Design Candle power Requirements for Green Light
Test Points Candle power
10 up 10L 1
and V 1.5
10 down 10R 1
   20L 1
   10L 2
5 up 5L 4
and V 4
5 down 5R 4
   10R 2
   20R 1
   20L 2
   10L 3
   5L 5
   H-V 5
   5R 5
   10R 3
   20R 2
   Maximum 45

(ii) Type II - The system must:

(A)Operate so as to indicate a component of deceleration of the vehicle on which it is installed by varying the flashing rate of a yellow lamp when the service brakes are applied.

(B) Incorporate an automatic means for reducing the intensity of the lamp during darkness. The system must cause the voltage to the deceleration lamps to decrease to 5.0 V ± 10% at 0 g deceleration during darkness. The specified voltage must be reached when the illumination on the sensor is not more than 5 lm/sq. ft., nor less than 0.5 lm/sq. ft.

(C)Have an output voltage, duty cycle, and flash rate of the control unit as a temperature of 24°± 5.5°C (75°± 10°F), when 12.8 V dc is applied to the input terminal, as shown in Table I when the control sensor is placed on a tilt table and slightly vibrated as the table is slowly rotated through the angles representing the specified vehicle deceleration rates.

TABLE I

Test Requirements for Deceleration Lamps

Deceleration (g) Output (V) Peak Relative Brightness Flash Rate (Hz) On Time (%)
0.0 7.0 1.0 1.0 50
0.1 __ 1.0 1.5 48
0.2 __ 1.0 2.3 46
0.3 __ 1.2 3.4 44
0.4 __ 1.4 5.0 42
0.5 __ 1.7 7.6 40

(D) Have a deceleration at which the unit switches from a lower to a higher flash rate that is within ± 0.05 g of the rate specified in Table I. If the unit operates at more steps than the required minimum, the additional values for each column must lie on the smooth curve connecting the indicated values within the specified tolerances. The values specified in Table II apply to ramp-type inertial sensors for which the downward angles correspond to the deceleration and a tolerance of 3.0° applies to the tilt angle.

TABLE II

Test Requirements for Deceleration Sensors

DEGREES
Deceleration (g) Forward Tilt Angle Dip Correction Corrected Tilt Angle
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
0.1 5.7 0.8 6.5
0.2 11.3 1.6 12.9
0.3 16.7 2.4 19.1
0.4 21.8 3.2 25.0
0.5 26.6 4.0 30.6

(E)Have the rms of the output voltage during the on portion of the flash cycle at the 1 Hz flash rate within ± 5% of the specified value, measured at the lamp bulbs with daytime illumination on the automatic darkness sensor.

(F)Have a relative brightness of the lamp or bulbs at the decelerations within ± 25% of the specified values after the fifth flash with the brightness of the lamp or its bulbs taken as 1.0 when measured with the rms output voltage specified for 0 g deceleration.

(G) Have a flash rate within ± 15% of the specified value. The percent on time must be within ± 10% of the specified value.

(H) Have linear dip corrections varying from 4° at 0.5 g or more deceleration to 0° at 0 g on passenger vehicles and pickup trucks that have substantial front end dip upon braking.

(I) Comply with the following mechanical tests in SAE Standard J575g (tests for motor vehicle lighting devices and components): Corrosion, dust, moisture, vibration, and warp-age (at a flashing rate of 1 Hz when a plastic lens or housing is used).

(J) Meet the following control system requirements at both 11 V and 15 V:

(I) Low temperature test. The control system must be placed in its normal operating position in a circulating air cabinet at -32°± 3°C (-25°± 5°F) for 2 hours. At the end of that period and while still at that temperature, the unit must meet the requirements in Table I at 0 g and 0.3 g.

(II)High temperature test. The control system must be placed in its normal operating position in a circulating air cabinet at 74° 0°, -2.8°C (165° 0°, -5°F) for 2 hours. At the end of that period and while at that temperature, the unit must meet the requirements in Table I at 0 g and 0.3 g.

(K) Operate the control system continuously at a supply voltage of 12.8 V dc for 200 hours with no failure (except bulb replacement), after which it must meet the requirements in Table I at 0 g and 0.3 g.

(L) Meet the photometric requirements in Table III after the sample has been mechanically tested in the order shown in (b)(ii)(J) of this subsection for the luminous intensity of a deceleration lamp with the bulbs operated at mean spherical candela.

TABLE III

Photometric Requirements for Deceleration Signal Lamps

Test Point Coordinates Max Cd Min
Vertical Horizontal Amber Red Amber Red
   10L 70 35 25 12.5
10U V 200 100 60 30
   10R 70 35 25 12.5
   20L 40 20 15 7.5
   10L 200 100 60 30
   5L 600 300 200 100
5U V 800 400 350 175
   5R 600 300 200 100
   10R 200 100 60 30
   20R 40 20 15 7.5
   20L 40 20 15 7.5
   10L 200 100 60 30
   5L 800 400 350 175
H V 1,300 650 600 300
   5R 800 400 350 175
   10R 200 100 60 30
   20R 40 20 15 7.5
   20L 40 20 15 7.5
   10L 200 200 60 30
   5L 600 300 200 100
5D V 800 400 350 175
   5R 600 300 200 100
   10R 200 100 60 30
   20R 40 20 15 7.5
   10L 70 35 25 12.5
10D V 200 100 60 30
   10R 70 35 25 12.5
(Amended by WSR 15-16-124, Filed 8/5/2015, effective 9/5/2015)

Statutory Authority: RCW 46.37.005 and 46.37.320. 08-19-104, § 204-21-180, filed 9/17/08, effective 10/18/08.

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