Sec. 126-42-11 - Glossary
§ 126-42-11. Glossary
11.1. Advanced Career (AC) -- The Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) model calls for designing, implementing, and continuously improving four courses in a specific career field that ensure it is rigorous enough for students to meet college- and career-readiness standards. Two of the courses are considered foundational and two are more advanced, with the potential for students to earn dual credit.
11.2. Advanced Placement® (AP®) -- AP® courses are college-level courses offered in high school that provide students the opportunity to earn credit or advanced standing at most of the nation's colleges and universities.
11.3. Advisory Council -- Groups of local employers and other designated stakeholders who provide advice to school districts, multi-county centers and technical program areas on issues relating to career and technical education, including current and future employment needs, standards, curriculum and equipment.
11.4. The Arts -- The programs of study for dance, music, theatre, and visual art.
11.5. Career Awareness -- The opportunity for students to learn about and develop an appreciation of the broad concepts related to work, career, and educational preparation.
11.6. Career Cluster -- A broad grouping of related occupations representative of the types of occupations available in the world of work.
11.7. Career Development -- The process through which a student comes to understand the world of work.
11.8. Career Exploration -- The opportunity within the education program for students to conduct self-assessment, access career information, examine multiple career options and initiate education planning based on a tentative career focus.
11.9. Career Integrated Experiential Learning (CIEL) -- Personalized CTE program of study developed to meet student needs by providing them marketable job skills and opportunities to test for multiple nationally recognized certifications.
11.10. Career Technical Education Centers -- Where two or more high schools within the county join together to provide programs at a CTE center that serves students from the participating county.
11.11. Character Education -- An integrated and comprehensive approach to promote an understanding and inspire development of general character traits such as respect, responsibility, caring, citizenship, justice, fairness, and trustworthiness. Character education utilizes existing curricula, along with new and existing projects, programs, and activities.
11.12. Class Period -- A block of time provided for instruction in a course within a program of study.
11.13. Co-curricular Activities -- Activities that are closely related to identifiable academic programs and/or areas of study that serve to complement academic and technical curricula. Students should be permitted to participate in co-curricular activities, directly tied to the standards and/or programs of study, during the school day and beyond.
11.14. College Course -- Any course for which college credit is awarded (e.g., dual credit, regular college course).
11.15. Comprehensive High School -- A high school that provides students access to concentrate in a minimum of six (6) of the 16 approved WV Career Clusters.
11.16. Comprehensive School Counseling Program -- A program coordinated by a certified school counselor and delivered collaboratively by stakeholders to assist students in achieving academic, personal, and career goals (see Policy 2315).
11.17. Content Standard -- A broad description of knowledge and skills that students are expected to acquire in a content area.
11.18. County--Any reference to a county or county board within this policy includes public schools supervised by the WVBE and WVDE.
11.19. County Steering Committee -- A committee that includes parents and representatives from business, labor, higher education, economic development, LSICs (one member from each programmatic level, Pre-K-5, 6-8, 9-12), faculty senates (one teacher from each programmatic level, Pre-K-5, 6-8, 9-12), students (one from each programmatic level 6-8 and 9-12) and the other organizational entities in the community. These members may be part of the stakeholder group that develops and implements the School System Strategic Plan.
11.20. Curriculum -- An intentional learning plan to ensure students achieve the goals of the standards, the curriculum represents the learning experience.
11.21. Diploma -- Formal documentation and recognition that a student has satisfactorily completed the graduation requirements of the state and county school district.
11.21.a. A Standard Diploma is awarded to all students who have satisfactorily completed the graduation requirements for the state and county school district.
11.21.b. A Modified/Alternate Diploma (in effect through 2020) is formal documentation and recognition that an eligible student with disabilities, who is unable to meet the graduation requirements for a standard diploma, has met the modified/alternate diploma requirements specified on the student's IEP. It is recommended students with disabilities who receive a Modified/Alternate Diploma participate in general graduation ceremonies with their ninth grade cohort peers. A student receiving a modified/alternate diploma may continue his or her education until the student turns 21 years of age, that is, the year in which the student is 21 years of age prior to September.
11.21.c. The state-defined alternate diploma is standards-based, and aligned with state requirements for the regular high school diploma and, can be obtained within the time period for which the state ensures the availability of a FAPE.
11.22. District -- Any reference to a county or county board within this policy includes public schools supervised by the WVBE and WVDE.
11.23. Dual Credit Course -- A course that provides students both high school and college credit. Such a course must meet both the specified course content standards for secondary offerings and the college course requirements.
11.24. Education Program -- A structure for defining, delivering, and being accountable for a thorough and efficient system of education. This structure is applicable at the state, county, and school levels.
11.25. Elective Courses -- Courses students may choose to study based on interest.
11.26. Eligible Students with Disabilities -- Those individuals who have one or more of the disabilities defined in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act and Policy 2419 and who, by reason thereof, need special education and related services.
11.27. Eligible Students with Exceptionalities -- Those individuals who are gifted or exceptional gifted as defined in the Policy 2419 and/or who meet the definition of eligible students with disabilities in this policy and the Policy 2419 and who, by reason thereof, need special education and related services.
11.28. Embedded Credit -- Incorporation of content standards for an embedded credit from one credit bearing high school course into another (host) course(s) and allows students to earn credit for both. Embedded credit does not allow for two courses in the same content area (e.g., Math IIITR and Math IVTR) to be embedded into one course.
11.29. End-Of-Course/Program of Study Tests (EOC) -- Assessments that measure student achievement in a course based on the approved content standards for each course/program of study.
11.30. English Learners -- Those individuals who, in accordance with the requirements of Policy 2417, have been determined to be LEP and in need of specially designed instruction.
11.31. Executive Functioning -- Executive functioning is the cognitive process that enables us to plan, initiate and complete an activity while controlling temper, maintaining attention, and responding to feedback from others.
11.32. Extracurricular Activities -- Activities that are not part of the required instructional day or curricular offerings but are under the supervision of the school. Schools facilities may be used for athletics, non-instructional assemblies, social programs, entertainment, and other similar activities. All rules and policies that apply to the instructional day also apply to extracurricular activities (see W. Va. 126CSR26, WVBE Policy 2436.10, Participation in Extracurricular Activities).
11.33. Foundations Course -- An elective course that enhances students' skills or provides an introduction to further in-depth studies in a CTE program of study.
11.34. Grade Level -- The class structure that is used to organize and deliver education within West Virginia public schools. The public school education experience is divided into levels, Pre-K-12.
11.35. Graduation Requirements -- The number of required and elective units of credit that must be earned by a student in order to be graduated from high school (see Sections 5.4.f and 5.4.h).
11.36. Individualized Education Program (IEP) -- A written statement for each eligible student with a disability, gifted (grades 1-8), and/or exceptional gifted student (grades 9-12) that is developed, reviewed, and revised in accordance with the Policy 2419.
11.37. Individual Work ReadyCompetencies (IWRC) -- Individual Work ReadyCompetencies provides students with mild learning deficits the opportunity to gain valuable work readiness and occupation specific skills through a CTE career program of study cluster through a modified curriculum.
11.38. Instructional Day -- Time allocated within the school day for the teaching and mastery of content standards.
11.39. Integrated Physical Education -- A blended learning approach that combines a free abbreviated online Physical Education (PE) course, monitored by the physical education teacher, with a physically active credit bearing elective course (e.g. Show Choir, Dance, etc.) fulfilling the high school PE credit requirement.
11.40. International Baccalaureate Diploma Program (IB) -- A comprehensive two-year international curriculum designed for highly motivated secondary school students aged 16-19. IB is a rigorous pre-university course of study that leads to examinations. IB students generally receive college credit for successful completion of IB courses. The International Baccalaureate Organization has also designed programs for primary and middle school students.
11.41. Intervention -- Additional instruction and time, utilizing multiple strategies and assessments, to ensure student mastery of the content standards. The practice of removing students from any required course for intervention is discouraged.
11.42. Learning Skills -- The skills of information and communication, critical thinking and problem-solving, personal and workplace productivity skills and proficiency in the use of technology tools. Learning skills enable students to acquire new content knowledge and skills, connect new information to existing knowledge, learn new software programs, and learn new ways of completing tasks using technology tools.
11.43. Local School Improvement Council (LSIC) -- A local advisory group composed of three teachers, three parents, two service employees, the principal, two at-large members appointed by the principal, and one student from a school enrolling students in grade 7 or higher. The LSIC focuses on improving the education program and operation of the school; has authorization to request waivers of local or state rules, policies and state superintendent interpretations; assists in the development of The Strategic Plan and can apply for grants and awards.
11.44. Mastery -- Student has met the grade or course level expectations for the content standards.
11.45. Multi-County Center -- When two (2) or more contiguous county school districts join together to provide programs at a CTE center that serves students from all participating districts. Refer to W. Va. 126CSR71, WVBE Policy 3232, Establishment Procedures and Operating Policies for Mult-County Career and Technical Education Centers.
11.46. Personalized Education Plan (PEP) -- A plan developed to guide students and their parent and/or guardian to thoughtfully explore individual interests and aptitudes in relation to academic and career planning. Each student's course selections are based on individual career aspirations and postsecondary plans.
11.47. Pre-Kindergarten (Pre-K) -- The voluntary education program for all four-year-old children and three-year-old children with identified special needs that addresses the growth and development of children in the areas of social/emotional growth, the arts, physical health, language and literacy, mathematics, social studies and science. West Virginia's Pre-K is a readiness system designed to promote the success of children in Kindergarten and lifelong learning (see Policy 2525).
11.48. Program of Study -- The selection of high school courses that enables students to master the knowledge and skills needed to succeed in their chosen clusters and program of study that leads to success in the global workplace and postsecondary education.
11.49. Programmatic Level -- A component of the Pre-K-12 educational spectrum that addresses the developmental needs of one age group of students. Programmatic levels described in this document include Early Learning Programs (grades Pre-K-5), Middle School Programming (grades 6-8), and High School Programming (grades 9-12).
11.50. Required Courses -- Those courses that all students must complete.
11.51. School Day -- The time, inclusive of the instructional day, homeroom, class changes, breaks/recess, lunch, and other non-instructional activities.
11.52. School Improvement -- A continuous process to increase student achievement and positively affect other student outcomes. School improvement builds the capacity of all entities, both state and local, to improve student success.
11.53. School Strategic Plan -- A plan that specifies how the school intends to increase student achievement and positively impact other student outcomes. The School Strategic Plan must be developed and implemented using a continuous improvement process, be based on all available data regarding student achievement, and align with the goals of the district's School System Strategic Plan (see Section 8.3).
11.54. School System Strategic Plan -- A plan that specifies how the county school system intends to strengthen the county education program in order to increase student achievement and positively impact other student outcomes (see Section 7.2.e).
11.55. Section 504 -- Section of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. § 701), and prohibits discrimination by recipients of federal financial assistance. Section 504 provides a broad spectrum of protections against discrimination, which includes instruction, athletics, and extracurricular activities.
11.56. Semester -- A block of instructional time that is equivalent to at least one-half of the school year. For example, 90 instructional days are equal to a semester in a traditional school term of 180 instructional days.
11.57. Simulated Workplace -- A career technical education initiative created to assist schools in implementing work place environmental protocols that align with West Virginia business and industry.
11.58. Student Assistance Team -- A trained school-based team which provides a formalized process for the review of student needs and complements the work of instruction and intervention teams.
11.59. Personalized Learning (PL) -- A multi-tiered system of academic and behavior support which districts and schools can use to ensure every learner is engaged in learning experiences that are relevant to their needs and maximize their growth.
11.60. Technology Integration -- The use of technology throughout content areas to help students master the approved content standards, including standards found in Policy 2520.14, and become lifelong learners.
11.61.Technology Plan -- The county boards of education must develop and update a county technology plan (see Policy 2460).
11.62. Technology Tools -- Important 21st century technology tools include information and communication technologies such as computers, networking, and other technologies. Technology tools, when integrated in classroom instruction, enable students to access, manage, integrate, and evaluate information across content areas, construct new knowledge and communicate efficiently with others.
11.63. West Virginia Report Card -- Information provided to parents and the general public on the quality of education in the public schools that is uniform and comparable among schools within and among the various school districts as defined in W. Va. Code § 18-2E-4.
11.64. Work Day -- Time allocated for the instructional day and other activities such as homeroom, class changes, lunch, planning periods, and staff development that may not exceed eight clock hours.
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