Wis. Admin. Code Department of Corrections § DOC 383.04 - General standards for use of psychotropic medications

Current through November 29, 2021

(1) ORDER AND PURPOSE. Psychotropic medications may be administered to youth only upon the written order of a physician or APNP and only for an appropriate therapeutic purpose, including alleviating psychiatric disorders or enhancing the coping capacity of the youth. Medication may not be administered for the purpose of punishing the youth, producing docility or as a substitute for counseling and treatment.
(2) PRESCRIPTION. In prescribing psychotropic medication, the physician or APNP shall do all of the following:
(a) Review the youth's medical history and appropriate physical and laboratory examinations before prescribing medication, and document the behaviors, symptoms and diagnosis, if known, which the medication is to treat or modify.
(b) Prescribe the lowest effective dose of a clinically indicated medication.
(c) Use caution in prescribing drugs known to produce psychological or physiological dependency, or to have significant potential for abuse.
(d) Indicate in the medical record a specific stop date.
(e) Specify limited amounts and limited refills, if any, for prescriptions.
(f) Reduce or withdraw medication as soon as clinically indicated.
(3) ONGOING EVALUATION.
(a) The physician or APNP shall review and evaluate the appropriateness and need for psychotropic medications, the need for continuation of treatment, and possible side effects for each youth. All reviews shall be according to established professional standards for the administration of psychotropic medications.
(b) When treatment is voluntary, a review shall be completed, as often as professional practice requires, but at least once every 180 days.
(c) When treatment is involuntary, a review shall be completed, as often as professional practice requires, but at least every 30 days.
(4) CONSENT FOR PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATIONS.
(a) A physician or APNP shall obtain written consent from the following persons before administering psychotropic medications to a youth:
1. The parent with legal custody or youth's guardian if the youth is less than 14 years of age.
2. The youth and the parent with legal custody or the youth's guardian if the youth is at least 14 years of age, but less than 18 years of age.
3. The youth, if the youth is 18 years of age or older.
(b) A consent to administer psychotropic mediations is valid for one year. Renewal requires obtaining another written consent from the youth, a parent with legal custody or a guardian as under par.
(a) to continue administering the medication.
(c) If a parent with legal custody or guardian unreasonably refuses to give permission, cannot be located to give a consent, or no parent has legal custody, the department may petition the court for permission under s. 938.505(2), Stats., to administer psychotropic medications to a youth aged at least 14 years, but not yet 18 years of age, who wishes to take the medication.
(d) If the department believes a youth at least 14 years, but not yet 18 years of age, needs psychotropic medication and the youth consents, medication may be administered temporarily without written consent of the parent or guardian, with the court's authorization, but not for more than 10 days after the request to the court, pending the hearing on the petition under par. (c), consistent with s. 938.505(2) (b), Stats.
(e) When a prescriber changes an order to a psychotropic medication not listed on the original consent, written consent of the appropriate person(s) under par. (a) shall be obtained before administering the new medication, unless the new medication is in the same pharmacological therapeutic classification as the previous medication.
(f) For youth who are taking a prescribed psychotropic medication upon admission to the institution, approval from a physician or APNP shall be obtained in the form of a written order to continue the medication while written consent of the parent with legal custody or guardian is sought. Medication will not be continued for more than 30 days without consent of the parent or legal guardian, except as provided in par. (d) or if authorization is granted by the court under par. (c).

Notes

Wis. Admin. Code Department of Corrections § DOC 383.04
Cr. Register, June, 2000, No. 534, eff. 7-1-00.

Pursuant to par. (a) 3. consent shall be obtained from a youth aged 18 years or older.

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