Wis. Admin. Code Department of Transportation § Trans 277.02 - Definitions

Current through March 28, 2022

In this chapter:

(1) "Chloride" means sodium chloride (NaCl) or calcium chloride (CaCl2).
(2) "Department" means the Wisconsin department of transportation.
(3) "Distribute" means to import, consign, sell, offer for sale, solicit orders for sale, deliver or otherwise supply highway salt, or bulk quantities of a chloride otherwise suitable for application to highways whether for use or resale.
(4) "Enforcement standard" has the meaning specified under s. 160.01(2), Stats.

Note: See also ch. NR 140, Wis. Adm. Code for specific standards adopted.

(5) "Highways" means all ways and thoroughfares and bridges on the same and any streets, alleys, driveways, parking areas, state trunk highways, county trunk highways, town roads, national parkways, expressways, interstate highways, freeways and roadways commonly used for vehicular traffic, whether public or private.
(6) "Highway salt" means bulk quantities of sodium chloride or calcium chloride intended for application to highways and includes mixtures of sand and sodium chloride or calcium chloride in any proportion. If any portion of a bulk quantity of sodium chloride, calcium chloride or chloride-and-sand mixture is intended for application to highways, then the entire bulk quantity is highway salt for the purposes of this chapter. Liquid calcium chloride is not included in this definition. "Bulk quantity" of a chloride means 1000 avoirdupois pounds or more of a chloride distributed in unpackaged form but does not include any chloride in a solid form, including granules, which is packaged in bags or other units which do not exceed 100 avoirdupois pounds (45 kg.) each. Any chloride which is distributed in the form of a solid block weighing at least 50 avoirdupois pounds is packaged, for purposes of this chapter, while in block form. "Bulk quantities of a chloride" includes all such chlorides, not expressly excepted, which are stored for the purpose of subsequent application upon highways, whether by the person storing the highway salt or by others, and includes bulk quantities of such chlorides which are suitable for application to highways, and stored by a person who distributes or manufactures highway salt, whether for his or her own use or to distribute to others.
(7) "Liquid calcium chloride" means a fluid which is an aqueous solution of calcium chloride, in any concentration, intended a) for application to highway salt to increase its effectiveness at lower temperatures, or b) for direct application to highways.
(8) "Manufacture" means to process, granulate, compound, produce, mix or alter the composition of highway salt, including adding liquid calcium chloride to highway salt.
(9) "Monitoring agency" means the department of natural resources.
(10) "Person" means any natural person, partnership, corporation, business entity or governmental body.
(11) "Point of standards application" has the meaning specified under s. 160.01(5), Stats.
(12) "Preventive action limit" has the meaning specified under s. 160.01(6), Stats.

Note: See also ch. NR 140, Wis. Adm. Code for specific standards adopted.

(13) "Secretary" means the secretary of the Wisconsin department of transportation.
(14) "Store" means to store, stockpile or otherwise own, possess or control highway salt including storage incidental to manufacture, distribution or use, but does not include the transportation of highway salt or applying a substance regulated by the department to highways.
(15) "Storage facility" means the site where a person stores a substance regulated by the department, enclosed by boundaries at the outermost edges of either the structures required by s. Trans 277.04(3) (a) and (b), or other existing physical container of the substance, or, in the absence of a structure or other container, "storage facility" means the area enclosed by a boundary at the actual circumference of a highway salt stockpile.
(16) "Substance regulated by the department" means sodium chloride or calcium chloride from highway salt and calcium chloride from liquid calcium chloride.
(17) "Surface water" means those portions of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior within the boundaries of Wisconsin, and all lakes, bays, rivers, streams, springs, ponds, impounding reservoirs, marshes, water-courses and drainage systems, whether natural or artificial, public or private, excluding subsurface sewer systems.
(18) "Use" means to apply highway salt to highways.
(19) "Waters of the state" has the meaning specified under s. 281.01(18), Stats., and specifically includes groundwater as defined by s. 160.01(4), Stats.

Notes

Wis. Admin. Code Department of Transportation § Trans 277.02
Cr. Register, April, 1986, No. 364, eff. 5-1-86; correction in (19) made under s. 13.92(4) (b) 7, Stats., Register March 2012 No. 675.

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