Highlights of the Supreme Court's 2002-2003 Term
References for Virginia v. Black (April 7, 2003)

Prior Opinions

  • Supreme Court of Virgina Filed November 2, 2001
  • Court of Appeals of Virginia (O'Mara v. Commonwealth & Elliott v. Commonwealth) Filed October 3, 2000

  • Pleadings, Motions, & Arguments

  • Brief of Petitioner (PDF)
  • Brief of Respondent (PDF)
  • Reply of Petitioner (PDF)
  • Supreme Court Oral Argument (PDF)

  • Amicus Briefs

    In Support of Virginia:

  • Criminal Justice Legal Foundation (PDF)
  • State of California (PDF)
  • States of New Jersey, Arizona, et al. (PDF)
  • United States of America
  • In Support of Black:

  • The Council of Conservative Citizens
  • The Rutherford Institute (PDF)
  • The Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression (PDF)
  • In Support of Neither Party:

  • Anti-Deflamation League, et al. (PDF)

  • Articles & Commentary

  • Banning Cross Burning: Just Another Step in the Slippery Slope to Tyranny, Rutherford Institute (July, 2002)
  • The Freedom to Hate: Cross-Burning's Refuge in the 1st Amendment, Medill News Service (August, 2002)
  • The Supreme Court Confronts Cross-Burning and First Amendment Once Again Because it Failed to make this Knotty Area of Law Clear the First Time, Findlaw (November, 2002)
  • Virginia Burning: Are Cross-Burnings Speech or Violence?, MSN Slate (December 2002)
  • High Court to Hear Arguments in Emotionally-Charged Cross Burning Case, Court TV (December, 2002)
  • Supreme Court upholds Virginia ban on Cross Burning, CNN (April, 2003)
  • Too Early to Know Full Effect of Cross-Burning Ruling, First Amendment Center (April 2003)
  • Limits on Cross Burning, Christian Science Monitor (April, 2003)
  • State Bans on Cross Burning Upheld, Washington Post (April, 2003)
  • In Defense of Cross Burning, The Patriotist (May, 2003)

  • Other References

  • Supreme Court Docket
  • Medill School of Journalism: On the Docket
  • Virginia v. Black.com (John W. Phillips' site)
  • Hate Crimes & Hate Speech (Paul Leighton's Justice Page)
  • R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, Minnesota (earlier cross-burning case)