TOPN: Table of Popular Names

What's in a popular name?

Laws acquire popular names as they make their way through Congress. Sometimes these names say something about the substance of the law (as with the '2002 Winter Olympic Commemorative Coin Act'). Sometimes they are a way of recognizing or honoring the sponsor or creator of a particular law (as with the 'Taft-Hartley Act'). And sometimes they are meant to garner political support for a law by giving it a catchy name (as with the 'USA Patriot Act' or the 'Take Pride in America Act') or by invoking public outrage or sympathy (as with any number of laws named for victims of crimes). History books, newspapers, and other sources use the popular name to refer to these laws. Why can't these popular names easily be found in the US Code?

How the US Code is built.

The United States Code is meant to be an organized, logical compilation of the laws passed by Congress. At its top level, it divides the world of legislation into fifty topically-organized Titles, and each Title is further subdivided into any number of logical subtopics. In theory, any law -- or individual provisions within any law -- passed by Congress should be classifiable into one or more slots in the framework of the Code. On the other hand, legislation often contains bundles of topically unrelated provisions that collectively respond to a particular public need or problem. A farm bill, for instance, might contain provisions that affect the tax status of farmers, their management of land or treatment of the environment, a system of price limits or supports, and so on. Each of these individual provisions would, logically, belong in a different place in the Code. (Of course, this isn't always the case; some legislation deals with a fairly narrow range of related concerns.) The process of incorporating a newly-passed piece of legislation into the Code is known as "classification" -- essentially a process of deciding where in the logical organization of the Code the various parts of the particular law belong. Sometimes classification is easy; the law could be written with the Code in mind, and might specifically amend, extend, or repeal particular chunks of the existing Code, making it no great challenge to figure out how to classify its various parts. And as we said before, a particular law might be narrow in focus, making it both simple and sensible to move it wholesale into a particular slot in the Code. But this is not normally the case, and often different provisions of the law will logically belong in different, scattered locations in the Code. As a result, often the law will not be found in one place neatly identified by its popular name. Nor will a full-text search of the Code necessarily reveal where all the pieces have been scattered. Instead, those who classify laws into the Code typically leave a note explaining how a particular law has been classified into the Code. It is usually found in the Note section attached to a relevant section of the Code, usually under a paragraph identified as the "Short Title".

How the LII Table of Popular Names works.

Our Table of Popular Names is organized alphabetically by popular name. You'll find three types of link associated with each popular name (though each law may not have all three types). One, a reference to a Public Law number, is a link to the bill as it was originally passed by Congress, and will take you to the LRC THOMAS legislative system, or GPO FDSYS site. So-called "Short Title" links, and links to particular sections of the Code, will lead you to a textual roadmap (the section notes) describing how the particular law was incorporated into the Code. Finally, acts may be referred to by a different name, or may have been renamed, the links will take you to the appropriate listing in the table.

Jabara-Heyer NO HATE Act


Jackie Walorski Maternal and Child Home Visiting Reauthorization Act of 2022

Jackson Multi-Agency Campus Act of 2000

Jackson-Vanik Amendment

Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act of 1988

Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act of 1994

Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act of 2001

Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act

Jaime Zapata and Victor Avila Federal Officers and Employees Protection Act

Jaime Zapata Border Enforcement Security Task Force Act

James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge Expansion Act of 2005

James Guelff and Chris McCurley Body Armor Act of 2002

James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023

James Madison--Bill of Rights Commemorative Coin Act

James Madison Commemoration Commission Act

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Act

James Peak Wilderness and Protection Area Act

James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010

James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Reauthorization Act

James Zadroga 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund Reauthorization Act

Jamestown 400th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Act of 2004

Jamestown 400th Commemoration Commission Act of 2000

Janey Ensminger Act

Japan-United States Friendship Act

Japanese-American Evacuation Claims Act of 1948

Japanese American National Historic Landmark Theme Study Act

Japanese Imperial Government Disclosure Act of 2000

Japanese Technical Literature Act of 1986

Jason&aposs Law

Jason Simcakoski Memorial and Promise Act

Javier Vega, Jr. Memorial Act of 2017

Javits-Wagner-O&aposDay Act

Jeanna&aposs Act

Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act

Jeff Miller and Richard Blumenthal Veterans Health Care and Benefits Improvement Act of 2016

Jefferson Commemorative Coin Act of 1993

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Act

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Amendments Act of 1984

Jencks Act

Jenkins Act

Jennifer&aposs Law

Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995

Jewelers&apos Liability Act (Gold and Silver Articles)

Jicarilla Apache Reservation Rural Water System Act

Jicarilla Apache Tribe Water Rights Settlement Act

Jimmy Carter National Historical Park Redesignation Act

Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act of 2002

Job Evaluation Policy Act of 1970

Job Training Partnership Act

Job Training Partnership Act Amendments of 1986

Job Training Reform Amendments of 1992

Jobs Accountability Act

Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003

Jobs for Employable Dependent Individuals Act

Jobs for Our Heroes Act

Jobs for Veterans Act

Jobs Through Exports Act of 1992

Jobs Through Trade Expansion Act of 1994

Johanna&aposs Law

John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development Act

John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act

John F. Kennedy Centennial Commission Act

John F. Kennedy Center Act

John F. Kennedy Center Act Amendments of 1984

John F. Kennedy Center Act Amendments of 1994

John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Authorization Act of 1998

John F. Kennedy Center Parking Improvement Act of 1997

John F. Kennedy Center Plaza Authorization Act of 2002

John F. Kennedy Center Reauthorization Act of 2004

John F. Kennedy Center Reauthorization Act of 2008

John F. Kennedy Center Reauthorization Act of 2012

John F. Kennedy Center Reauthorization Act of 2019

John H. Chafee Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor

John H. Chafee Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor Reauthorization Act of 2006

John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System Act

John Lewis NIMHD Research Endowment Revitalization Act of 2021

John Marshall Commemorative Coin Act

John Muir National Historic Site Boundary Adjustment Act

John Muir National Historic Site Expansion Act

John R. Justice Prosecutors and Defenders Incentive Act of 2008

John Rishel Geothermal Steam Act Amendments of 2005

John S. McCain III 21st Century Conservation Service Corps Act

John S. McCain III, Daniel K. Akaka, and Samuel R. Johnson VA Maintaining Internal Systems and Strengthening Integrated Outside Networks Act of 2018

John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019

John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007

John William Rolen Act

Johnny Isakson and David P. Roe, M.D. Veterans Health Care and Benefits Improvement Act of 2020

Johnson Act (Injunctions Affecting Utility Rates)

Johnson Act (Maritime Workers&apos Compensation)

Johnson-O&aposMalley Act

Johnson-O&aposMalley Supplemental Indian Education Program Modernization Act

Johnstown Flood National Memorial Boundary Adjustment Act of 2004

Joint Consolidation Loan Separation Act

Joint Funding Simplification Act of 1974

Jones Act (Intoxicating Liquors)

Jones Amendment (Liquor Advertisements)

Jones-Connally Farm-Relief Act

Jones-McCormack Act (Saturday Half Holidays)

Jones-Miller Act (Narcotics Import and Export)

Jordan Supplemental Economic Assistance Authorization Act of 1985

Joseph Maxwell Cleland and Robert Joseph Dole Memorial Veterans Benefits and Health Care Improvement Act of 2022

Joshua Omvig Veterans Suicide Prevention Act

Joshua Tree National Monument Act

Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Act

Judicial Administration and Technical Amendments Act of 2008

Judicial Amendments Act of 1994

Judicial Code

Judicial Councils Reform and Judicial Conduct and Disability Act of 1980

Judicial Discipline and Removal Reform Act of 1990

Judicial Disclosure Responsibility Act

Judicial Housekeeping Act of 1986

Judicial Improvements Act of 1985

Judicial Improvements Act of 1990

Judicial Improvements Act of 2002

Judicial Improvements and Access to Justice Act

Judicial Naturalization Ceremonies Amendments of 1991

Judicial Redress Act of 2015

Judicial Survivors&apos Annuities Reform Act

Judicial Survivors Annuity Act

Judicial Survivors Protection Act of 2009

Judiciary Act of 1789

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1941

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1942

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1944

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1945

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1946

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1947

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1948

Judiciary Appropriation Act 1949

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1950

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1951

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1952

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1953

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1954

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1955

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1956

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1957

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1958

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1959

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1960

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1961

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1962

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1963

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1964

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1965

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1966

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1967

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1968

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1969

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1970

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1971

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1972

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1973

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1974

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1975

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1976

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1977

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1978

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1979

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1980

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1984

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1985

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1986

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1987

Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1988

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1989

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1990

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1991

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1992

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1993

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1994

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1995

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1996

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1997

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1998

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 1999

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2000

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2001

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2002

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2003

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2004

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2005

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2006

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2008

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2009

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2010

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2012

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2014

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2015

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2016

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2017

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2018

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2019

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2020

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2021

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2022

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2023

Judiciary Appropriations Act, 2024

Judiciary Establishment Appropriation Act, 1943

Judiciary Office Building Development Act

Julius Rosenwald and the Rosenwald Schools Act of 2020

Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act

June Act (Pensions)

Juneteenth National Independence Day Act

Junior Duck Stamp Conservation and Design Program Act of 1994

Junior Duck Stamp Reauthorization Amendments Act of 2005

Juniper Butte Range Withdrawal Act

Junk Fax Prevention Act of 2005

Jury Selection and Service Act of 1968

Jury System Improvements Act of 1978

Justice Against Corruption on K Street Act of 2018

Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act

Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Reauthorization Act of 2022

Justice Assistance Act of 1984

Justice Department Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Enhancement Act of 1988

Justice for All Act of 2004

Justice for All Reauthorization Act of 2016

Justice for Crime Victims Family Act

Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act of 2017

Justice for United States Victims of State Sponsored Terrorism Act

Justice for Victims of Terrorism Act of 1996

Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015

Justice for Victims of War Crimes Act

Justice Served Act of 2018

Justice System Improvement Act of 1979

Juvenile Court Act of the District of Columbia

Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Offenses Control Act of 1961

Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act

Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act Amendments of 1971

Juvenile Drug Trafficking Act of 1986

Juvenile Fraternal Act

Juvenile Justice Amendments of 1977

Juvenile Justice Amendments of 1980

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Amendments of 1988

Juvenile Justice Reform Act of 2018

Juvenile Justice, Runaway Youth, and Missing Children&aposs Act Amendments of 1984