(R.S. § 4197; Aug. 5, 1935, ch. 438, title II, § 209, 49 Stat. 526; June 16, 1938, ch. 476, § 1, 52 Stat. 758; Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1213, title V, § 501(a), 68 Stat. 1140; Pub. L. 103–182, title VI, § 686(b), Dec. 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 2221; Pub. L. 106–476, title I, § 1452(a)(3), Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2167.)


R.S. § 4197 derived from act Mar. 2, 1799, ch. 22, § 93, 1 Stat. 698.


2000—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 106–476 struck out “bonded merchandise or” before “foreign merchandise”.
1993—Pub. L. 103–182 amended section generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which directed master of any vessel bound to a foreign port to deliver to district collector a manifest of all cargo on board, subject to financial penalties for delivery of false manifest and detainment of vessel until penalty is paid, but authorizing Secretary of Commerce, in interest of expediting commerce, to make regulations permitting master to file incomplete manifest and grant vessel clearance upon filing a bond and making assurance that a completed manifest will be filed not later than the fourth business day after clearance of the vessel, with financial penalties and possible suit resulting from failure to file completed manifest when due.
1954—Act Sept. 1, 1954, exempted undocumented pleasure vessels of the United States from clearance requirements.
1938—Act June 16, 1938, inserted proviso and all that follows.
1935—Act Aug. 5, 1935, substituted second sentence for “If any vessel bound to a foreign port departs on her voyage to such foreign port without delivering such manifest and obtaining a clearance, as required, the master or other person having the charge or command of such vessel shall be liable to a penalty of $500 for every such offense.”

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–476, except as otherwise provided, applicable with respect to goods entered or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption on or after the 15th day after Nov. 9, 2000, see section 1471 of Pub. L. 106–476, set out as a note under section 58c of Title 19, Customs Duties.

Construction With Other Laws

Section 3 of act June 16, 1938, provided that the amendments to this section by section 1 of the act, should not affect any other existing law.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203 (1), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Territorial Sea of United States

For extension of territorial sea of United States, see Proc. No. 5928, set out as a note under section 1331 of Title 43, Public Lands.