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(R.S. § 4370; June 11, 1940, ch. 324, 54 Stat. 304; 1946 Reorg. Plan No. 3, §§ 101–104, eff. July 16, 1946, 11 F.R. 7875, 60 Stat. 1097; Pub. L. 99–307, § 10, May 19, 1986, 100 Stat. 447; Pub. L. 100–329, § 2, June 7, 1988, 102 Stat. 589; Pub. L. 104–324, title XI, § 1115(b)(3), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3972.)

References in Text

The Presidential Proclamation of March 10, 1983, referred to in subsec. (a), is Proc. No. 5030, Mar. 10, 1983, 48 F.R. 10605, which is set out as a note under section 1453 of Title 16, Conservation.
Act of June 7, 1918, referred to in subsec. (d), was classified to section 288 of former Title 46, Shipping, and was repealed by Pub. L. 85–911, § 12, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1758, eff. Apr. 1, 1960. Provisions relating to numbering of vessels are contained in section 12301 et seq. of Title 46, Shipping.


R.S. § 4370 derived from acts July 18, 1866, ch. 201, § 21, 14 Stat. 183; Feb. 25, 1867, ch. 78, 14 Stat. 410.


1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–324 struck out “or 12107” after “section 12106”.
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–329 inserted provision at end of first sentence relating to transportation of valueless material or any dredged material, regardless of commercial value.
1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–307 substituted “a certificate of documentation issued under section 12106 or 12107 of title 46” for “a certificate of registry, a certificate of enrollment, or a license, issued pursuant to title 48 or title 50 of the Revised Statutes or a certificate of award of number issued pursuant to the Act of June 7, 1918, as amended (46 U.S.C. 288),” and “a vessel in distress” for “a vessel of foreign registry, or a vessel in distress”.
1940—Act June 11, 1940, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), expanded coverage to include all vessels and increased the penalties for violations, and added subsecs. (b) to (e).

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203 (1), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.
For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Treasury, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Treasury with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 26 of 1950, §§ 1, 2, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F.R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1280, 1281, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. The Commissioner of Customs, referred to in text, was an officer of Department of the Treasury.
“Commissioner of Customs” substituted for “Secretary of Commerce” in subsec. (d) on authority of Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, §§ 101–104, set out as a note preceding section 3 of this Appendix.

Administrative Delegation of Functions by Secretary of the Treasury

Administrative delegation of functions by Secretary of the Treasury, see note set out preceding section 3 of this Appendix.

Nonapplicability of Pub. L. 100–329 to Certain Vessel

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–329 not applicable to a vessel engaged in the transportation of valueless material or valueless dredged material and owned or chartered by a corporation that had on file with Secretary of Transportation on Aug. 1, 1989, the certificate specified in section 883–1 of this Appendix, see section 5501(c) of Pub. L. 102–587, set out as a note under section 883 of this Appendix.

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