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(Sept. 7, 1916, ch. 451, § 41, as added July 15, 1918, ch. 152, § 4, 40 Stat. 902; amended Ex. Ord. No. 6166, § 12, eff. June 10, 1933; June 29, 1936, ch. 858, title II, § 204, title IX, § 904, 49 Stat. 1987, 2016; Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(32), Aug. 6, 1981, 95 Stat. 156.)


1981—Pub. L. 97–31 substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Commission” and “his” for “its” and, in view of this amendment, “or to any officer, attorney, or agent of the Department of Transportation” were editorially substituted in second paragraph for “or to any member thereof, or to any officer, attorney, or agent thereof”. For prior transfers of functions, see Transfer of Functions note below.


For provisional repeal, see note set out preceding section 801 of this Appendix.

Transfer of Functions

“Commission”, meaning United States Maritime Commission, substituted in text for “board”, meaning United States Shipping Board. For dissolution of Board and transfer of functions to United States Maritime Commission, see Ex. Ord. No. 6166 and act June 29, 1936. Ex. Ord. No. 6166 is set out as a note under section 901 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. For subsequent transfers of functions, see Reorg. Plan No. 6 of 1949, Reorg. Plan No. 21 of 1950, and Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, set out under section 1111 of this Appendix.

National Emergency, 1950

For Presidential Proclamation of the existence of a national emergency, see Proc. No. 2914, eff. Dec. 16, 1950, 15 F.R. 9029, 64 Stat. 454, set out as a note preceding section 1 of Title 50, Appendix, War and National Defense.

Termination of War and Emergencies

Joint Res. July 25, 1947, ch. 327, § 3, 61 Stat. 451, provided that in the interpretation of this section, the date July 25, 1947, shall be deemed to be the date of termination of any state of war theretofore declared by Congress and of the national emergencies proclaimed by the President on Sept. 8, 1939, and May 27, 1941.

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