(June 29, 1936, ch. 858, title IX, § 905, 49 Stat. 2016; June 23, 1938, ch. 600, § 39, 52 Stat. 964; July 17, 1952, ch. 939, § 21, 66 Stat. 765; Pub. L. 86–327, § 4, Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 597; Pub. L. 91–469, § 28, Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1034; Pub. L. 92–402, § 2, Aug. 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 617; Pub. L. 96–453, § 3(b), Oct. 15, 1980, 94 Stat. 2008; Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(133), Aug. 6, 1981, 95 Stat. 165.)


1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(133)(A), substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Secretary of Commerce”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(133)(B), struck out subsec. (e) which defined “United States Maritime Commission” and “Commission” to mean the Secretary of Commerce, the Maritime Administrator, or the Federal Maritime Commission as the context required.
1980—Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 96–453 added subsecs. (f) and (g).
1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–402 made definition of “foreign commerce” or “foreign trade” in context of subchapter V of this chapter concerning construction-differential subsidy applicable in context of section 1177 of this Appendix concerning capital construction funds, made such definition subject to rules and regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Commerce pursuant to section 1114 (b) of this Appendix rather than only to uniform regulations promulgated by the Secretary and also applicable, in the case of bulk cargo carrying services, to trading between foreign ports in such manner as will permit U.S.-flag bulk carrying vessels freely to compete with foreign-flag bulk carrying vessels in their operation or in competing for charters.
1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–469 expanded definition of “foreign commerce” or “foreign trade” to permit United States operators of dry and liquid bulk ships built with construction subsidy to engage in foreign-to-foreign carriage to the extent permitted by regulations issued by the Secretary of Commerce.
1959—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 86–327 inserted requirement that all the directors of a corporation under subchapter VI of this chapter be United States citizens.
1952—Subsec. (e). Act July 17, 1952, added subsec. (e) which defined “United States Maritime Commission” and “Commission”.
1938—Subsec. (a). Act June 23, 1938, inserted reference to “foreign commerce”.
Subsec. (c). Act June 23, 1938, inserted provisions relating to interest of citizens of the United States in vessels operated on the Great Lakes, or on bays, sounds, rivers, harbors, or inland lakes of the United States.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–453 effective Oct. 1, 1981, see section 4 of Pub. L. 96–453, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1295 of this Appendix.