(Pub. L. 100–418, title X, § 10002, Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1570; Pub. L. 105–258, title I, § 111, Oct. 14, 1998, 112 Stat. 1911.)

References in Text

Section 876 (1)(b) of this Appendix, referred to in subsec. (h), was redesignated section 876 (a)(2) of this Appendix by Pub. L. 105–258, title III, § 301(b)(1), (2), Oct. 14, 1998, 112 Stat. 1915, 1916.


This section was enacted as part of the Foreign Shipping Practices Act of 1988 and also as part of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, and not as part of the Shipping Act of 1984 which comprises this chapter.


1998—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105–258, § 111(1), substituted “ ‘ocean transportation intermediary’,” for “ ‘non-vessel-operating common carrier’,”.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 105–258, § 111(2), (3), struck out “forwarding and” before “agency services” and substituted “ocean transportation intermediary services and” for “non-vessel-operating common carrier”.
Subsecs. (c)(1), (d)(1). Pub. L. 105–258, § 111(4), substituted “transportation intermediary,” for “freight forwarder,”.
Subsec. (e)(1)(B). Pub. L. 105–258, § 111(5), (6), substituted “and service contracts,” for “filed with the Commission,” and inserted “and service contracts” before “of conferences”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105–258, § 111(7), substituted “(b)(6)” for “(b)(5)”.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–258 effective May 1, 1999, see section 2 of Pub. L. 105–258, set out as a note under section 1701 of this Appendix.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468 (b), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.