Source(June 24, 1948, ch. 625, title I, § 10, 62 Stat. 618; Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, title XI, § 1106(a), 63 Stat. 972; June 30, 1950, ch. 445, § 3, 64 Stat. 319; Sept. 27, 1950, ch. 1059, § 3(b), 64 Stat. 1074; June 19, 1951, ch. 144, title I, § 1(u), 65 Stat. 87; Pub. L. 90–40, § 1(8)–(10), June 30, 1967, 81 Stat. 104, 105; Pub. L. 92–129, title I, § 101(a)(24)–(29), Sept. 28, 1971, 85 Stat. 351, 352; Pub. L. 93–176, § 3, Dec. 5, 1973, 87 Stat. 693; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 507(d), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2919; Pub. L. 97–60, title II, § 208, Oct. 14, 1981, 95 Stat. 1008; Pub. L. 98–473, title II, § 234, Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 2031; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VII, § 715, Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1113; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, § 1091, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1486; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IV, § 414, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2508; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, § 1062(o)(2), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2652.)
References in Text
Section 14 of the Federal Employees’ Pay Act of 1946 (Public Law 390, Seventy-ninth Congress), referred to in subsec. (b)(10), means section 14 of act May 24, 1946, ch. 270, 60 Stat. 219, which amended section 947 of former Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees, and which was repealed by act Sept. 12, 1950, ch. 946, title III, § 301(85), 64 Stat. 843.
This Act, referred to in subsec. (g), is act June 24, 1948, ch. 625, 62 Stat. 604, as amended, known as the Military Selective Service Act. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see References in Text note set out under section 451 of this Appendix and Tables.
In subsec. (b)(9), “sections 3111 and 3112 of title 40” substituted for “section 355, Revised Statutes, as amended” on authority of Pub. L. 107–217, § 5(c), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1303, the first section of which enacted Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.
2002—Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 107–314 substituted “the Act of March 31, 1947 (50 App. U.S.C. 321 et seq.)” for “Public Law 26, Eightieth Congress, approved March 31, 1947, by lease pursuant to existing statutes, except that the provisions of the Act of June 30, 1932 (47 Stat. 412), as amended by section 15 of the Act of March 3, 1933 (47 Stat. 1517), shall not apply to any lease entered into under the authority of this title”.
1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–201, § 414(b)(1), substituted “authorized to undertake the following:” for “authorized—” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104–201, § 414(b)(2), (4), substituted “To” for “to” at beginning and a period for a semicolon at end.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104–201, § 414(a)(1), (b)(2), (4), substituted “To” for “to” at beginning, inserted “, subject to subsection (e),” after “to employ such number of civilians, and”, and substituted a period for a semicolon at end.
Subsec. (b)(3) to (7). Pub. L. 104–201, § 414(b)(2), (4), substituted “To” for “to” at beginning and a period for a semicolon at end.
Subsec. (b)(8), (9). Pub. L. 104–201, § 414(b)(3), (4), substituted “Subject” for “subject” at beginning and a period for a semicolon at end.
Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 104–201, § 414(b)(3), substituted “Subject” for “subject” at beginning.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–201, § 414(a)(2), added subsec. (e).
1991—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 102–190, § 1091(1), struck out “without the approval of the Director” after “local government”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 102–190, § 1091(2), substituted “annually” for “semiannually”.
1987—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 100–180 substituted “The Selective Service system shall” for “If at any time calls under this section for the induction of persons for training and service in the Armed Forces are discontinued because the Armed Forces are placed on an all volunteer basis for meeting their active duty manpower needs, the Selective Service System, as it is constituted on the date of the enactment of this subsection [Sept. 28, 1971], shall, nevertheless,” and directed the insertion of “(including a structure for registration and classification of persons qualified for practice or employment in a health care occupation essential to the maintenance of the Armed Forces)” after “national emergency”, which was inserted in cl. (1) as the probable intent of Congress.
1984—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 98–473 substituted “release” for “parole”.
1981—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 97–60 struck out provision that had prohibited service on local boards or appeal boards by persons who had attained the age of 65.
1980—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 96–513 substituted “however, any officer of the armed forces” for “however, any officer on the active or retired list of the armed forces, or any reserve component thereof with his consent,” and struck out “or reserve component thereof,” after “without loss of or prejudice to his status as such officer in the armed forces”.
1973—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 93–176 substituted “the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates, the basic pay” for “the Classification Act of 1949, the compensation” and struck out provisos that compensation of employees of local boards and appeal boards may be fixed without regard to Classification Act of 1949, that employees of local boards having supervisory duties with respect to other employees of one or more local boards be designated as the executive secretary of the local board or boards, and that the term of employment of executive secretaries not exceed ten years except when reappointed.
1971—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 92–129, § 101(a)(24), struck out provisions setting compensation of Director.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 92–129, § 101(a)(25), inserted proviso that no State director shall serve concurrently in an elected or appointed position of a State or local government without the approval of the Director.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 92–129, § 101(a)(26), inserted provisions requiring that local boards and their staffs perform their duties only within the counties or political subdivisions for which they are established with special provisions for intercounty boards and the collocation or multiple use of staffs with executive approval, provided for board membership proportionately representative of the area served, reduced the maximums applicable to board members from 75 years of age or 25 years of service on the board to 65 years of age or 20 years of service respectively, and authorized local boards to include among their members any citizens otherwise qualified under Presidential regulations provided they are at least 18 years of age.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 92–129, § 101(a)(27), struck out subsec. (e) which authorized Chief of Finance of the United States Army to act as the fiscal, disbursing, and accounting agent of Director.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 92–129, § 101(a)(28), substituted “$500” for “$50”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 92–129, § 101(a)(29), added subsec. (h).
1967—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 90–40, § 1(8), prohibited disqualification of members of armed forces reserve components from serving as counselors to registrants, including services as government appeal agents, merely because of such membership in the reserve, set 25 years as maximum length of service on local and appeal boards and 75 years as age after attainment of which members may not serve, prohibited discrimination as to service on boards because of sex, with new limitations on age and sex to be implemented not later than January 1, 1968, and prohibited judicial review of classification or processing of registrants except as a defense to a criminal prosecution instituted under section 462 of this Appendix, and then only after registrant has responded either affirmatively or negatively to an order to report for induction or for civilian work and to question of jurisdiction reserved to local boards, appeal boards, and President only when there is no basis in fact for classification.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 90–40, § 1(9), provided for designation of a local board employee having supervisory duties with respect to other employees of one or more local boards as “executive secretary”, with such employee to serve in that position for a maximum of ten years except when reappointed.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 90–40, § 1(10), substituted “semiannually” for “on or before the 3rd day of January of each year,” as time for submission of Director’s written report to Congress, and inserted “such other specific kinds of information as the Congress may from time to time request” to enumeration of subjects to be covered by the report.
1951—Subsec. (b)(3). Act June 19, 1951, § 1(u)(1), provided for one appeal board in each Federal judicial district in the United States, its territories and possessions, and such necessary panels as the President deems necessary.
Subsec. (g). Act June 19, 1951, § 1(u)(2), added subsec. (g).
1950—Subsec. (b)(3). Act Sept. 27, 1950, inserted “, or separate panels thereof each consisting of three or more members” after “Such local boards” in sixth sentence.
Subsec. (b)(4). Act June 30, 1950, struck out comma between “the compensation of” and “such officers”.
1949—Subsec. (b)(4). Act Oct. 28, 1949, substituted “Classification Act of 1949” for “Classification Act of 1923”.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–473 effective Nov. 1, 1987, and applicable only to offenses committed after the taking effect of such amendment, see section 235(a)(1) of Pub. L. 98–473, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3551 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 701 of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 10, Armed Forces.
Effective Date of 1973 Amendment
Section 4 of Pub. L. 93–176 provided that: “This Act [amending this section and section 5102 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section] shall take effect not later than the beginning of the first pay period which begins on or after the ninetieth day following the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 5, 1973].”
Act Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, cited as a credit to this section, was repealed (subject to a savings clause) by Pub. L. 89–554, Sept. 6, 1966, § 8, 80 Stat. 632, 655.
Emergency Preparedness Functions
For assignment of certain emergency preparedness functions to the Director of Selective Service, see Parts 1, 2, and 23 of Ex. Ord. No. 12656, Nov. 18, 1988, 53 F.R. 47491, set out as a note under section 5195 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
Compensation Increases for Employees of Local or Appeal Boards
Section 2 of Pub. L. 93–176 provided that: “The rate of basic pay of each employee in a position under a local board or appeal board of the Selective Service System on and immediately prior to the effective date of this Act [designated as a date not later than the beginning of the first pay period which begins on or after the 90th day following Dec. 5, 1973] shall be adjusted, as of such effective date, under the provisions of section 5334 (d) of title 5, United States Code.”
Act June 5, 1952, ch. 369, Ch. VII, § 701, 66 Stat. 109, authorized increases in the rate of compensation of any employees of local or appeal boards effective as of the first day of the first pay period which began after June 30, 1951 and within ninety days from June 5, 1952, pursuant to the authority contained in section 460 of this Appendix.
Compensation of Director of Selective Service
Ex. Ord. No. 10271. Delegation of President’s Authority
Ex. Ord. No. 10271, July 7, 1951, 16 F.R. 6659, set out as a note under section 471 of this Appendix, delegates to the Secretary of Defense the President’s authority to order members and units of Reserve components into active Federal service.
Ex. Ord. No. 11623. Delegation of Authority To Issue Rules and Regulations to Director of Selective Service
Ex. Ord. No. 11623, Oct. 12, 1971, 36 F.R. 19963, as amended by Ex. Ord. No. 12608, Sept. 9, 1987, 52 F.R. 34617; Ex. Ord. No. 13286, § 60, Feb. 28, 2003, 68 F.R. 10629, provided:
By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and statutes of the United States, including the Military Selective Service Act, as amended (50 U.S. Code App., sections 451 et seq., hereinafter referred to as the Act), and section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. The Director of Selective Service (hereinafter referred to as the Director) is authorized to prescribe the necessary rules and regulations to carry out the provisions of the Act. Regulations heretofore issued by the President to carry out such provisions shall continue in effect until amended or revoked by the Director pursuant to the authority conferred by this Order.
Sec. 2. (a) In carrying out the provisions of this Order, the Director shall cause any rule or regulation which he proposes to issue hereunder to be published in the Federal Register as required by section 13(b) of the Act [section 463 (b) of this Appendix]. Prior to such publication, the Director shall request the views of the Secretary of Defense, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security (when the Coast Guard is serving under the Department of Homeland Security), the Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness, and the Chairman of the National Selective Service Appeal Board with regard to such proposed rule or regulation, and shall allow not less than 10 days for the submission of such views before publication of the proposed rule or regulation.
(b) Any proposed rule or regulation as published by the Director shall be furnished to the officials required to be consulted pursuant to subsection (a). The Director may (not less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register) issue such rule or regulation as published unless, within 10 days after being furnished with the proposed rule or regulation as published, any such official shall notify the Director that he disagrees therewith and requests that the matter be referred to the President for decision.
(c) Any rule or regulation issued by the Director pursuant to this Order shall be published in the Federal Register with (1) a statement reciting compliance with the prepublication requirement of section 13(b) of the Act [section 463 (b) of this Appendix], and (2) either (i) approval of such rule or regulation by the President, or (ii) a certification of the Director that he has requested the views of the officials required to be consulted pursuant to subsection (a) and that none of them has timely requested that the matter be referred to the President for decision. Such rule or regulation shall be effective upon such publication in the Federal Register or on such later date as may be specified therein.
Sec. 3. Nothing in this Order shall be deemed to (i) authorize the exercise by the Director of the President’s authority to waive the requirements of section 13(b) of the Act [section 463 (b) of this Appendix], or (ii) derogate from the authority of the President himself to waive the requirements of such section 13 (b), or (iii) derogate from the authority of the President himself to issue such rules or regulations as he may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of the Act.