(Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, title II, § 202, as added Pub. L. 108–189, § 1, Dec. 19, 2003, 117 Stat. 2842; amended Pub. L. 108–454, title VII, § 703, Dec. 10, 2004, 118 Stat. 3624; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title V, § 584(b), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 128.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 522, act Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 888, art. II, § 202, 54 Stat. 1181, related to fines and penalties on contracts, prior to the general amendment of this Act by Pub. L. 108–189. See section 523 of this Appendix.


2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–181 inserted “, including any child custody proceeding,” after “civil action or proceeding” in introductory provisions.
2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–454 inserted “plaintiff or” before “defendant” in introductory provisions.

Stay of Judicial Proceedings

Pub. L. 102–12, § 6, Mar. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 37, provided that:
“(a) Stay of Action or Proceeding.—In any judicial action or proceeding (other than a criminal proceeding) in which a member of the Armed Forces described in subsection (b) is involved (either as plaintiff or defendant), the court shall, upon application by such member (or some other person on the member’s behalf) at any stage before final judgment is entered, stay the action or proceeding until a date after June 30, 1991.
“(b) Members Covered.—A member of the Armed Forces is covered by subsection (a) if at the time of application for the stay of a judicial action or proceeding the member—
“(1) is on active duty; and
“(2) is serving outside the State in which the court having jurisdiction over the action or proceeding is located.
“(c) Definition.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam.”