10 U.S. Code § 816 - Art. 16. Courts-martial classified
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The three kinds of courts-martial in each of the armed forces are—
(1) general courts-martial, consisting of—
(A) a military judge and not less than five members or, in a case in which the accused may be sentenced to a penalty of death, the number of members determined under section 825a of this title (article 25a); or
(2) special courts-martial, consisting of—
Source(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 42; Pub. L. 90–632, § 2(3),Oct. 24, 1968, 82 Stat. 1335; Pub. L. 98–209, § 3(a),Dec. 6, 1983, 97 Stat. 1394; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, § 582(a),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1124.)
|Revised section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|816||50:576.||May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 1 (Art. 16), 64 Stat. 113.|
The word “The” is substituted for the words “There shall be”. The word “are” is substituted for the word “namely”. The words “not less than five members” are substituted for the words “any number of members not less than five”. The words “not less than three members” are substituted for the words “any number of members not less than three”. The word “commissioned” is inserted before the word “officer” in clause (3) for clarity.
2001—Par. (1)(A). Pub. L. 107–107inserted “or, in a case in which the accused may be sentenced to a penalty of death, the number of members determined under section 825a of this title (article 25a)” after “five members”.
1983—Par. (1)(B). Pub. L. 98–209substituted “orally on the record or in writing” for “in writing”.
1968—Pub. L. 90–632provided that a general or special court-martial shall consist of only a military judge if the accused, before the court is assembled, so requests in writing and the military judge approves, with the added requirements that the accused know the identity of the military judge and have the advice of counsel, and that the election be available in the case of a special court-martial only if a military judge has been detailed to the court.
Effective Date of 2001 Amendment
Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, § 582(d),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1125, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting section 825a of this title and amending this section and section 829 of this title] shall apply with respect to offenses committed after December 31, 2002.”
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–209effective first day of eighth calendar month beginning after Dec. 6, 1983, see section 12(a)(1) ofPub. L. 98–209, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment
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