10 U.S. Code § 951 - Establishment; organization; administration
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(a) The Secretaries concerned may provide for the establishment of such military correctional facilities as are necessary for the confinement of offenders against chapter 47 of this title.
(b) The Secretary concerned shall—
(1) designate an officer for each armed force under his jurisdiction to administer military correctional facilities established under this chapter;
(2) provide for the education, training, rehabilitation, and welfare of offenders confined in a military correctional facility of his department; and
(c) There shall be an officer in command of each major military correctional facility. Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary concerned, the officer in command shall have custody and control of offenders confined within the facility which he commands, and shall usefully employ those offenders as he considers best for their health and reformation, with a view to their restoration to duty, enlistment for future service, or return to civilian life as useful citizens.
Source(Added Pub. L. 90–377, § 1,July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 287; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 511(27),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2922.)
1980—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–513substituted “at such facilities” for “as such facilities”.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513effective Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701(b)(3) ofPub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Offenses Against Minors
Pub. L. 105–119, title I, § 115(a)(8)(C),Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2466, as amended by Pub. L. 109–248, title I, § 141(i),July 27, 2006, 120 Stat. 604, provided that:
“(i) The Secretary of Defense shall specify categories of conduct punishable under the Uniform Code of Military Justice which are sex offenses as that term is defined in the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act [42 U.S.C. 16901 et seq.], and such other conduct as the Secretary deems appropriate for inclusion for purposes of this subparagraph.
“(ii) In relation to persons sentenced by a court martial for conduct in the categories specified under clause (i), the Secretary shall prescribe procedures and implement a system to—
“(I) provide notice concerning the release from confinement or sentencing of such persons;
“(II) inform such persons concerning registration obligations; and
“(III) track and ensure compliance with registration requirements by such persons during any period of parole, probation, or other conditional release or supervision related to the offense.
“(iii) The procedures and requirements established by the Secretary under this subparagraph shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be consistent with those specified for Federal offenders under the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act.
“(iv) If a person within the scope of this subparagraph is confined in a facility under the control of the Bureau of Prisons at the time of release, the Bureau of Prisons shall provide notice of release and inform the person concerning registration obligations under the procedures specified in section 4042 (c) of title 18, United States Code.”
Notification of Victims and Witnesses of Status of Prisoners in Military Correctional Facilities
Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, § 552,Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1662, directed the Secretary of Defense to prescribe procedures, not later than six months after Nov. 30, 1993, for notice of the status of offenders confined in military correctional facilities to be provided to victims and witnesses, to implement a centralized system for the provision of such notice not later than six months after such procedures had been prescribed, to notify Congress upon implementation of the centralized system of notice, and to submit to Congress a report after such system had been in operation for one year, and directed that the requirement to establish procedures and implement a centralized system of notice would expire 90 days after receipt of the report.
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