12 U.S. Code § 2202 - Reconsideration of actions
(a) Credit review committees
(1) In general
The board of directors of each qualified lender shall establish one or more credit review committees, which shall include farmer board representation.
(b) Review of decisions
(1) Denials or reductions
Any applicant for a loan from a qualified lender that has received a written notice issued under section 2201 of this title of a decision to deny or reduce the loan applied for may submit a written request, not later than 30 days after receiving a notice denying or reducing the amount of the loan application, to obtain a review of the decision before the credit review committee.
(2) Denials of restructuring
A borrower of a loan from a qualified lender that has received notice, under section 2201 of this title, of a decision to deny loan restructuring with respect to a loan made to the borrower, if the borrower so requests in writing within 7 days after receiving such notice, may obtain a review of such decision in person before the credit review committee.
(c) Personal appearance
An applicant for a loan or for restructuring, who is entitled to and has requested a review under this section, may appear in person before the credit review committee, and may be accompanied by counsel or by any other representative of such person’s choice, to seek a reversal of the decision on the application under review.
(d) Independent appraisal
(1) In general
An appeal filed with a credit review committee under this section may include, as a part of the request for a review of the decision filed under subsection (b)(1) or (2) of this section, a request for an independent appraisal, by an accredited appraiser, of any interests in property securing the loan (other than the stock or participation certificates of the qualified lender held by the borrower).
(2) Arrangement and cost
Within 30 days after a request for an appraisal under paragraph (1), the credit review committee shall present the borrower with a list of three appraisers approved by the appropriate qualified lender from which the borrower shall select an appraiser to conduct the appraisal the cost of which shall be borne by the borrower, and shall consider the results of such appraisal in any final determination with respect to the loan.
(3) Copy to borrower
A copy of any appraisal made under this subsection shall be provided to the borrower.
Source(Pub. L. 92–181, title IV, § 4.14, Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 613; Pub. L. 99–205, title III, § 303,Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1708; Pub. L. 100–233, title I, § 106, title VIII, § 805(s),Jan. 6, 1988, 101 Stat. 1580, 1716; Pub. L. 100–399, title I, § 103, title VII, § 702(b),Aug. 17, 1988, 102 Stat. 990, 1006.)
1988—Pub. L. 100–233, § 805(s), which directed amendment of this section by substituting “committees” for “committee(s)”, “2201” for “2199”, and “review” for “reviews”, was repealed by Pub. L. 100–399, § 702(b). See Construction of 1988 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 100–233, § 106, amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows: “The board of directors of each Farm Credit System institution shall establish one or more credit review committee(s), which shall include farmer board respresentation. [sic] Any loan applicant who has received written notice, under section 2199 of this title, of a decision to deny or reduce the loan applied for, if the applicant so requests in writing within thirty days after receiving such notice, may obtain a review of such decision in person before the credit review committee. When a loan applicant requests review of an adverse credit decision, a majority of persons serving on such reviews committee must be persons who were not involved in making the adverse decision. Promptly after any such review, the applicant shall be notified in writing of the credit review committee’s decision and the reasons therefor.”
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100–399, § 103(a), substituted “before the” for “by a”.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 100–399, § 103(b), inserted “or (2)”.
1985—Pub. L. 99–205, in amending section generally, substituted provisions respecting reconsideration of action on loan application for prior reconsideration provisions which read as follows: “Any applicant who has reason to believe that the action on his application by an association failed to take into account facts pertinent to his application, or has misinterpreted or failed to properly apply the applicable law or rules and regulations governing his application, may, if he so requests in writing within thirty days of the date of that notice, request an informal hearing on his application and the action of the association in reduction or denial thereof, or the reason for such action, in person before the loan committee or officer or employee thereof authorized to act on applications under section 2033(11) or 2093 (18) of this title. Promptly after such a hearing, he shall be notified of the decision upon reconsideration and the reasons therefor.”
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 100–399effective as if enacted immediately after enactment of Pub. L. 100–233, which was approved Jan. 6, 1988, see section 1001(a) ofPub. L. 100–399, set out as a note under section 2002 of this title.
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 99–205effective thirty days after Dec. 23, 1985, see section 401 ofPub. L. 99–205, set out as a note under section 2001 of this title.
Construction of 1988 Amendment
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