15 U.S. Code § 1637a - Disclosure requirements for open end consumer credit plans secured by consumer’s principal dwelling
(a) Application disclosures
In the case of any open end consumer credit plan which provides for any extension of credit which is secured by the consumer’s principal dwelling, the creditor shall make the following disclosures in accordance with subsection (b) of this section:
(1) Fixed annual percentage rate
Each annual percentage rate imposed in connection with extensions of credit under the plan and a statement that such rate does not include costs other than interest.
(2) Variable percentage rate
In the case of a plan which provides for variable rates of interest on credit extended under the plan—
(A) a description of the manner in which such rate will be computed and a statement that such rate does not include costs other than interest;
(B) a description of the manner in which any changes in the annual percentage rate will be made, including—
(C) if an initial annual percentage rate is offered which is not based on an index—
(E) a statement of the maximum amount by which the annual percentage rate may change in any 1-year period or a statement that no such limit exists;
(F) a statement of the maximum annual percentage rate that may be imposed at any time under the plan;
(G) subject to subsection (b)(3) of this section, a table, based on a $10,000 extension of credit, showing how the annual percentage rate and the minimum periodic payment amount under each repayment option of the plan would have been affected during the preceding 15-year period by changes in any index used to compute such rate;
(H) a statement of—
(i) the maximum annual percentage rate which may be imposed under each repayment option of the plan;
(ii) the minimum amount of any periodic payment which may be required, based on a $10,000 outstanding balance, under each such option when such maximum annual percentage rate is in effect; and
(3) Other fees imposed by the creditor
An itemization of any fees imposed by the creditor in connection with the availability or use of credit under such plan, including annual fees, application fees, transaction fees, and closing costs (including costs commonly described as “points”), and the time when such fees are payable.
(4) Estimates of fees which may be imposed by third parties
(A) Aggregate amount
An estimate, based on the creditor’s experience with such plans and stated as a single amount or as a reasonable range, of the aggregate amount of additional fees that may be imposed by third parties (such as governmental authorities, appraisers, and attorneys) in connection with opening an account under the plan.
(5) Statement of risk of loss of dwelling
A statement that—
(6) Conditions to which disclosed terms are subject
(A) Period during which such terms are available
A clear and conspicuous statement—
(B) Right of refusal if certain terms change
A statement that—
(i) the consumer may elect not to enter into an agreement to open an account under the plan if any term changes (other than a change contemplated by a variable feature of the plan) before any such agreement is final; and
(7) Rights of creditor with respect to extensions of credit
A statement that—
(A) under certain conditions, the creditor may terminate any account under the plan and require immediate repayment of any outstanding balance, prohibit any additional extension of credit to the account, or reduce the credit limit applicable to the account; and
(8) Repayment options and minimum periodic payments
The repayment options under the plan, including—
(A) if applicable, any differences in repayment options with regard to—
(B) the length of any repayment period, including any differences in the length of any repayment period with regard to the periods described in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A); and
(9) Example of minimum payments and maximum repayment period
An example, based on a $10,000 outstanding balance and the interest rate (other than a rate not based on the index under the plan) which is, or was recently, in effect under such plan, showing the minimum monthly or periodic payment, and the time it would take to repay the entire $10,000 if the consumer paid only the minimum periodic payments and obtained no additional extensions of credit.
(10) Statement concerning balloon payments
If, under any repayment option of the plan, the payment of not more than the minimum periodic payments required under such option over the length of the repayment period—
(11) Negative amortization
If applicable, a statement that—
(A) any limitation in the plan on the amount of any increase in the minimum payments may result in negative amortization;
(12) Limitations and minimum amount requirements on extensions of credit
(A) Number and dollar amount limitations
Any limitation contained in the plan on the number of extensions of credit and the amount of credit which may be obtained during any month or other defined time period.
(B) Minimum balance and other transaction amount requirements
Any requirement which establishes a minimum amount for—
(13) Statement regarding tax deductibility
A statement that—
(A) the consumer should consult a tax advisor regarding the deductibility of interest and charges under the plan; and
(b) Time and form of disclosures
(1) Time of disclosure
(A) In general
The disclosures required under subsection (a) of this section with respect to any open end consumer credit plan which provides for any extension of credit which is secured by the consumer’s principal dwelling and the pamphlet required under subsection (e) of this section shall be provided to any consumer at the time the creditor distributes an application to establish an account under such plan to such consumer.
(B) Telephone, publications, and third party applications
In the case of telephone applications, applications contained in magazines or other publications, or applications provided by a third party, the disclosures required under subsection (a) of this section and the pamphlet required under subsection (e) of this section shall be provided by the creditor before the end of the 3-day period beginning on the date the creditor receives a completed application from a consumer.
(A) In general
Except as provided in paragraph (1)(B), the disclosures required under subsection (a) of this section shall be provided on or with any application to establish an account under an open end consumer credit plan which provides for any extension of credit which is secured by the consumer’s principal dwelling.
(B) Segregation of required disclosures from other information
The disclosures required under subsection (a) of this section shall be conspicuously segregated from all other terms, data, or additional information provided in connection with the application, either by grouping the disclosures separately on the application form or by providing the disclosures on a separate form, in accordance with regulations of the Bureau.
(C) Precedence of certain information
The disclosures required by paragraphs (5), (6), and (7) of subsection (a) of this section shall precede all of the other required disclosures.
(D) Special provision relating to variable interest rate information
Whether or not the disclosures required under subsection (a) of this section are provided on the application form, the variable rate information described in subsection (a)(2) of this section may be provided separately from the other information required to be disclosed.
(c) Third party applications
In the case of an application to open an account under any open end consumer credit plan described in subsection (a) of this section which is provided to a consumer by any person other than the creditor—
(1) such person shall provide such consumer with—
(A) the disclosures required under subsection (a) of this section with respect to such plan, in accordance with subsection (b) of this section; and
(2) if such person cannot provide specific terms about the plan because specific information about the plan terms is not available, no nonrefundable fee may be imposed in connection with such application before the end of the 3-day period beginning on the date the consumer receives the disclosures required under subsection (a) of this section with respect to the application.
(d) “Principal dwelling” defined
In addition to the disclosures required under subsection (a) of this section with respect to an application to open an account under any open end consumer credit plan described in such subsection, the creditor or other person providing such disclosures to the consumer shall provide—
(1) a pamphlet published by the Bureau pursuant to section 4 of the Home Equity  Consumer Protection Act of 1988; or
 So in original. Probably should be followed by “Loan”.
Source(Pub. L. 90–321, title I, § 127A, as added Pub. L. 100–709, § 2(a),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4725; amended Pub. L. 109–8, title XIII, § 1302(a)(1),Apr. 20, 2005, 119 Stat. 208; Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1100A(2),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2107.)
References in Text
Section 4 of the Home Equity Loan Consumer Protection Act of 1988, referred to in subsec. (e)(1), is section 4 ofPub. L. 100–709, which is set out as a note below.
2010—Subsecs. (a)(14), (b)(2)(B), (e). Pub. L. 111–203substituted “Bureau” for “Board” wherever appearing.
2005—Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 109–8substituted “tax deductibility” for “consultation of tax advisor” in heading, designated existing provisions as introductory provisions and subpar. (A), inserted dash, substituted “; and” for period at end of subpar. (A), and added subpar. (B).
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–203effective on the designated transfer date, see section 1100H ofPub. L. 111–203, set out as a note under section 552a of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Effective Date of 2005 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–8effective 180 days after Apr. 20, 2005, and not applicable with respect to cases commenced under Title 11, Bankruptcy, before such effective date, except as otherwise provided, see section 1501 ofPub. L. 109–8, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 11.
For effective date of section, see Regulations; Effective Date note below.
“(1) In general.—The Board [of Governors of the Federal Reserve System] shall promulgate regulations implementing the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 1638, 1664, and 1665b of this title].
“(2) Effective date.—Regulations issued under paragraph (1) shall not take effect until the later of—
“(A) 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 20, 2005]; or
“(B) 12 months after the date of publication of such final regulations by the Board.”
Regulations; Effective Date
“(a) Regulations.—Before the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 23, 1988], the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the proposes [sic] of the amendments made by this Act [enacting this section and sections 1647 and 1665b of this title, amending sections 1632 and 1637 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 1601 of this title].
“(b) Effective Date.—The amendments made by this Act, and the regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) with respect to such amendments, shall apply to—
“(1) any agreement to open an account under an open end consumer credit plan under which extensions of credit are secured by a consumer’s principal dwelling which is entered into after the end of the 5-month period beginning on the date on which the regulations prescribed under subsection (a) become final; and
“(2) any application to open such an account which is distributed by, or received by a creditor, after the end of such 5-month period.
“(c) Voluntary Compliance.—Notwithstanding subsection (b), any creditor may comply with the amendments made by this Act, in accordance with the regulations prescribed by the Board, before the effective date established under such subsection.”
Pub. L. 100–709, § 4,Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4733, provided that: “The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System shall develop and prepare a pamphlet for distribution to consumers which contains—
“(1) a general description of open end consumer credit plans secured by the consumer’s principal dwelling and the terms and conditions under which such loans are generally extended; and
“(2) a discussion of the potential advantages and disadvantages of such plans, including how to compare among home equity plans and between home equity and closed end credit plans.”