15 U.S. Code § 1665b - Advertising of open end consumer credit plans secured by consumer’s principal dwelling
(a) In general
If any advertisement to aid, promote, or assist, directly or indirectly, the extension of consumer credit through an open end consumer credit plan under which extensions of credit are secured by the consumer’s principal dwelling states, affirmatively or negatively, any of the specific terms of the plan, including any periodic payment amount required under such plan, such advertisement shall also clearly and conspicuously set forth the following information, in such form and manner as the Bureau may require:
(1) Loan fees and opening cost estimates
Any loan fee the amount of which is determined as a percentage of the credit limit applicable to an account under the plan and an estimate of the aggregate amount of other fees for opening the account, based on the creditor’s experience with the plan and stated as a single amount or as a reasonable range.
(2) Periodic rates
In any case in which periodic rates may be used to compute the finance charge, the periodic rates expressed as an annual percentage rate.
(3) Highest annual percentage rate
The highest annual percentage rate which may be imposed under the plan.
(b) Tax deductibility
(1) In general
If any advertisement described in subsection (a) of this section contains a statement that any interest expense incurred with respect to the plan is or may be tax deductible, the advertisement shall not be misleading with respect to such deductibility.
(2) Credit in excess of fair market value
Each advertisement described in subsection (a) of this section that relates to an extension of credit that may exceed the fair market value of the dwelling, and which advertisement is disseminated in paper form to the public or through the Internet, as opposed to by radio or television, shall include a clear and conspicuous statement that—
(A) the interest on the portion of the credit extension that is greater than the fair market value of the dwelling is not tax deductible for Federal income tax purposes; and
(c) Certain terms prohibited
No advertisement described in subsection (a) of this section with respect to any home equity account may refer to such loan as “free money” or use other terms determined by the Bureau by regulation to be misleading.
(d) Discounted initial rate
(1) In general
If any advertisement described in subsection (a) of this section includes an initial annual percentage rate that is not determined by the index or formula used to make later interest rate adjustments, the advertisement shall also state with equal prominence the current annual percentage rate that would have been applied using the index or formula if such initial rate had not been offered.
(2) Quoted rate must be reasonably current
The annual percentage rate required to be disclosed under the paragraph (1) rate must be current as of a reasonable time given the media involved.
(e) Balloon payment
If any advertisement described in subsection (a) of this section contains a statement regarding the minimum monthly payment under the plan, the advertisement shall also disclose, if applicable, the fact that the plan includes a balloon payment.
(f) “Balloon payment” defined
For purposes of this section and section 1637a of this title, the term “balloon payment” means, with respect to any open end consumer credit plan under which extensions of credit are secured by the consumer’s principal dwelling, any repayment option under which—
(1) the account holder is required to repay the entire amount of any outstanding balance as of a specified date or at the end of a specified period of time, as determined in accordance with the terms of the agreement pursuant to which such credit is extended; and
Source(Pub. L. 90–321, title I, § 147, as added Pub. L. 100–709, § 2(c),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4730; amended Pub. L. 109–8, title XIII, § 1302(a)(2),Apr. 20, 2005, 119 Stat. 208; Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1100A(2),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2107.)
2010—Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 111–203substituted “Bureau” for “Board” wherever appearing.
2005—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–8designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted par. heading, and added par. (2).
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–203effective on the designated transfer date, see section 1100H ofPub. L. 111–203, set out as a note under section 552a of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Effective Date of 2005 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–8effective 180 days after Apr. 20, 2005, and not applicable with respect to cases commenced under Title 11, Bankruptcy, before such effective date, except as otherwise provided, see section 1501 ofPub. L. 109–8, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 11.
For effective date of section, see Regulations; Effective Date note below.
Regulations; Effective Date