15 U.S. Code § 5528 - Fostering United States competitiveness in high-performance computing and related activities
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The Congress finds the following:
(1) High-performance computing and associated technologies are critical to the United States economy.
(2) While the United States has led the development of high-performance computing, United States industry is facing increasing global competition.
(3) Despite existing international agreements on fair competition and nondiscrimination in government procurements, there is increasing concern that such agreements are not being honored, that more aggressive enforcement of such agreements is needed, and that additional steps may be required to ensure fair global competition, particularly in high-technology fields such as high-performance computing and associated technologies.
(4) It is appropriate for Federal agencies and departments to use the funds authorized for the Program in a manner which most effectively fosters the maintenance and development of United States leadership in high-performance computers and associated technologies in and for the benefit of the United States.
(5) It is appropriate for Federal agencies and departments to use the funds authorized for the Program in a manner, consistent with the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 U.S.C. 2501 et seq.), which most effectively fosters reciprocal competitive procurement treatment by foreign governments for United States high-performance computing and associated technology products and suppliers.
(b) Annual report
The Director shall submit an annual report to Congress that identifies—
(A) any grant, contract, cooperative agreement, or cooperative research and development agreement (as defined under section 3710a (d)(1) of this title) made or entered into by any Federal agency or department for research and development under the Program with—
(i) any company other than a company that is either incorporated or located in the United States, and that has majority ownership by individuals who are citizens of the United States; or
(B) any procurement exceeding $1,000,000 by any Federal agency or department under the Program for—
(ii) manufactured articles, materials, or supplies other than those manufactured in the United States substantially all from articles, materials, or supplies mined, produced, or manufactured in the United States,
under the meaning of chapter 83 of title 41.
(c) Application of Buy American Act
This chapter does not affect the applicability of chapter 83 of title 41 to procurements by Federal agencies and departments undertaken as a part of the Program.
 See References in Text note below.
Source(Pub. L. 102–194, title II, § 208,Dec. 9, 1991, 105 Stat. 1603; Pub. L. 110–69, title III, § 3002(c)(6),Aug. 9, 2007, 121 Stat. 587.)
References in Text
The Trade Agreements Act of 1979, referred to in subsec. (a)(5), is Pub. L. 96–39, July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 144, as amended. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see References in Text note set out under section 2501 of Title 19, Customs Duties, and Tables.
Section 5511 (a)(3)(A) of this title, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), was redesignated section 5511 (a)(2)(D) of this title by Pub. L. 110–69, title VII, § 7024(a)(1)(B)(ii), (iii)(II),Aug. 9, 2007, 121 Stat. 687.
In subsec. (b)(1)(B), “chapter 83 of title 41” substituted for “title III of the Act of March 3, 1933 (41 U.S.C. 10a–10d; popularly known as the Buy American Act) as amended by the Buy American Act of 1988” on authority of Pub. L. 111–350, § 6(c),Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.
In subsec. (c), “chapter 83 of title 41” substituted for “title III of the Act of March 3, 1933 (41 U.S.C. 10a–10d; popularly known as the Buy American Act), as amended by the Buy American Act of 1988,” on authority of Pub. L. 111–350, § 6(c),Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.
2007—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 110–69redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which related to review of Supercomputer Agreement.
Termination of Reporting Requirements
For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103–7 (in which a report required under subsec. (b)(1) of this section is listed on page 185), see section 3003 ofPub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.