16 U.S. Code § 2203 - Emergency measures
(a) In general
The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to undertake emergency measures, including the purchase of floodplain easements, for runoff retardation and soil-erosion prevention, in cooperation with landowners and land users, as the Secretary deems necessary to safeguard lives and property from floods, drought, and the products of erosion on any watershed whenever fire, flood, or any other natural occurrence is causing or has caused a sudden impairment of that watershed.
(b) Floodplain easements
(1) Modification and termination
The Secretary may modify or terminate a floodplain easement administered by the Secretary under this section if—
As consideration for termination of an easement and associated agreements under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall enter into compensatory arrangements as determined to be appropriate by the Secretary.
In the case of a modification under paragraph (1)—
(i) as a condition of the modification, the current owner shall enter into a compensatory arrangement (as determined to be appropriate by the Secretary) to incur the costs of modification; and
(ii) the Secretary shall ensure that—
(I) the modification will not adversely affect the floodplain functions and values for which the easement was acquired;
(II) any adverse impacts will be mitigated by enrollment and restoration of other land that provides greater floodplain functions and values at no additional cost to the Federal Government; and
Source(Pub. L. 95–334, title IV, § 403,Aug. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 434; Pub. L. 104–127, title III, § 382,Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1016; Pub. L. 113–79, title II, § 2506,Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 752.)
2014—Pub. L. 113–79inserted section catchline, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).
1996—Pub. L. 104–127inserted “, including the purchase of floodplain easements,” after “emergency measures”.
Disaster Assistance for Watershed Protection Activities
Pub. L. 100–387, title IV, § 402, as added Pub. L. 101–82, title V, § 503,Aug. 14, 1989, 103 Stat. 586, provided that:
“(a) In General.—The Secretary of Agriculture may provide disaster relief assistance in accordance with this section to repair damage caused by storms occurring in 1988 or 1989 to watersheds located in any county in any State, to the extent that funds authorized by this section remain available.
“(b) Form of Assistance.—The assistance authorized by this section—
“(1) includes both financial and technical assistance; and
“(2) shall be provided in a manner consistent with similar assistance authorized under section 403 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2203).
“(c) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1990.”