16 U.S. Code § 4714 - Ballast water management demonstration program
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(a) “Technologies and practices” defined
For purposes of this section, the term “technologies and practices” means those technologies and practices that—
(1) may be retrofitted—
(b) Demonstration program
(1) In general
During the 18-month period beginning on the date that funds are made available by appropriations pursuant to section 4741 (e) of this title, the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce, with the concurrence of and in cooperation with the Secretary, shall conduct a ballast water management demonstration program to demonstrate technologies and practices to prevent aquatic nonindigenous species from being introduced into and spread through ballast water in the Great Lakes and other waters of the United States.
The installation and construction of the technologies and practices used in the demonstration program conducted under this subsection shall be performed in the United States.
(3) Vessel selection
In demonstrating technologies and practices on vessels under this subsection, the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce, shall—
(A) use only vessels that—
(ii) have ballast water systems conducive to testing aboard-vessel or land-based technologies and practices applicable to a significant number of merchant vessels; and
(B) select vessels for participation in the program by giving priority consideration—
(ii) second, to vessels that are a majority owned by citizens of the United States, as determined by the Secretary; and
(4) Selection of technologies and practices
In selecting technologies and practices for demonstration under this subsection, the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce shall give priority consideration to technologies and practices identified as promising by the National Research Council Marine Board of the National Academy of Sciences in its report on ships’ ballast water operations issued in July 1996.
Not later than 3 years after October 26, 1996, the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce shall prepare and submit a report to the Congress on the demonstration program conducted pursuant to this section. The report shall include findings and recommendations of the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce concerning technologies and practices.
(c) Authorities; consultation and cooperation with International Maritime Organization and Task Force
In conducting the demonstration program under subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary of the Interior may—
(A) enter into cooperative agreements with appropriate officials of other agencies of the Federal Government, agencies of States and political subdivisions thereof, and private entities;