19 U.S. Code § 1677e - Determinations on basis of facts available
(a) In general
(2) an interested party or any other person—
(A) withholds information that has been requested by the administering authority or the Commission under this subtitle,
(B) fails to provide such information by the deadlines for submission of the information or in the form and manner requested, subject to subsections (c)(1) and (e) ofsection 1677m of this title,
(D) provides such information but the information cannot be verified as provided in section 1677m (i) of this title,
(b) Adverse inferences
If the administering authority or the Commission (as the case may be) finds that an interested party has failed to cooperate by not acting to the best of its ability to comply with a request for information from the administering authority or the Commission, the administering authority or the Commission (as the case may be), in reaching the applicable determination under this subtitle, may use an inference that is adverse to the interests of that party in selecting from among the facts otherwise available. Such adverse inference may include reliance on information derived from—
(3) any previous review under section 1675 of this title or determination under section 1675b of this title, or
(c) Corroboration of secondary information
When the administering authority or the Commission relies on secondary information rather than on information obtained in the course of an investigation or review, the administering authority or the Commission, as the case may be, shall, to the extent practicable, corroborate that information from independent sources that are reasonably at their disposal.
Source(June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title VII, § 776, as added Pub. L. 96–39, title I, § 101,July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 186; amended Pub. L. 98–573, title VI, § 618,Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3037; Pub. L. 100–418, title I, §§ 1326(d)(1), 1331,Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1204, 1207; Pub. L. 103–465, title II, § 231(c),Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4896.)
1994—Pub. L. 103–465amended section generally, substituting present provisions for provisions relating to verification of information, certification of submissions, and determinations required to be made on best information available.
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–418, § 1331(1), (3), added subsec. (a). Former subsec. (a) redesignated (b).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–418, § 1331(1), (2), redesignated former subsec. (a) as (b) and in heading substituted “Verification” for “General rule”.
Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 100–418, § 1326(d)(1), which directed the amendment of this subtitle by substituting “subparagraph (C), (D), (E), (F), or (G) of section 1677 (9) of this title” for “subparagraph (C), (D), (E), or (F), of section 1677 (9) of this title” was executed to subsec. (b)(3)(A) of this section by substituting “section 1677 (9)(C), (D), (E), (F), or (G) of this title” for “section 1677 (9)(C), (D), (E), or (F) of this title” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–418, § 1331(1), redesignated former subsec. (b) as (c).
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–573amended subsec. (a) generally, which prior to amendment read as follows: “Except with respect to information the verification of which is waived under section 1673b (b)(2) of this title, the administering authority shall verify all information relied upon in making a final determination in an investigation. In publishing such a determination, the administering authority shall report the methods and procedures used to verify such information. If the administering authority is unable to verify the accuracy of the information submitted, it shall use the best information available to it as the basis for its determination, which may include the information submitted in support of the petition.”
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–465effective, except as otherwise provided, on the date on which the WTO Agreement enters into force with respect to the United States [Jan. 1, 1995], and applicable with respect to investigations, reviews, and inquiries initiated and petitions filed under specified provisions of this chapter after such date, see section 291 ofPub. L. 103–465, set out as a note under section 1671 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 100–418applicable with respect to investigations initiated after Aug. 23, 1988, and to reviews initiated under section 1673e (c) or 1675 of this title after Aug. 23, 1988, see section 1337(b) ofPub. L. 100–418, set out as a note under section 1671 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment