19 U.S. Code § 3537 - Access to WTO dispute settlement process
(a) In general
Whenever the United States is a party before a dispute settlement panel established pursuant to Article 6 of the Dispute Settlement Understanding, the Trade Representative shall, at each stage of the proceeding before the panel or the Appellate Body, consult with the appropriate congressional committees, the petitioner (if any) under section 2412 (a) of this title with respect to the matter that is the subject of the proceeding, and relevant private sector advisory committees established under section 2155 of this title, and shall consider the views of representatives of appropriate interested private sector and nongovernmental organizations concerning the matter.
(b) Notice and public comment
In any proceeding described in subsection (a) of this section, the Trade Representative shall—
(1) promptly after requesting the establishment of a panel, or receiving a request from another WTO member country for the establishment of a panel, publish a notice in the Federal Register—
(B) setting forth the major issues raised by the country requesting the establishment of a panel and the legal basis of the complaint,
(C) identifying the specific measures, including any State or Federal law cited in the request for establishment of the panel, and
(2) take into account any advice received from appropriate congressional committees and relevant private sector advisory committees referred to in subsection (a) of this section, and written comments received pursuant to paragraph (1)(D), in preparing United States submissions to the panel or the Appellate Body.
(c) Access to documents
In each proceeding described in subsection (a) of this section, the Trade Representative shall—
(1) make written submissions by the United States referred to in subsection (b) of this section available to the public promptly after they are submitted to the panel or Appellate Body, except that the Trade Representative is authorized to withhold from disclosure any information contained in such submissions identified by the provider of the information as proprietary information or information treated as confidential by a foreign government;
(2) request each other party to the dispute to permit the Trade Representative to make that party’s written submissions to the panel or the Appellate Body available to the public; and
(d) Requests for nonconfidential summaries
In any dispute settlement proceeding conducted pursuant to the Dispute Settlement Understanding, the Trade Representative shall request each party to the dispute to provide nonconfidential summaries of its written submissions, if that party has not made its written submissions public, and shall make those summaries available to the public promptly after receiving them.
(e) Public file
The Trade Representative shall maintain a file accessible to the public on each dispute settlement proceeding to which the United States is a party that is conducted pursuant to the Dispute Settlement Understanding. The file shall include all United States submissions in the proceeding and a listing of any submissions to the Trade Representative from the public with respect to the proceeding, as well as the report of the dispute settlement panel and the report of the Appellate Body.
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