20 U.S. Code § 7245 - Elementary and secondary school counseling programs
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(a) Grants authorized
(1) In general
The Secretary is authorized to award grants to local educational agencies to enable such agencies to establish or expand elementary school and secondary school counseling programs that comply with the requirements of subsection (c)(2) of this section.
(2) Special consideration
In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give special consideration to applications describing programs that—
(A) demonstrate the greatest need for new or additional counseling services among children in the schools served by the local educational agency, in part by providing information on current ratios of students to school counselors, students to school social workers, and students to school psychologists;
(B) propose the most promising and innovative approaches for initiating or expanding school counseling; and
(3) Equitable distribution
In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution among the regions of the United States and among local educational agencies located in urban, rural, and suburban areas.
(1) In general
Each local educational agency desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
Each application for a grant under this section shall—
(A) describe the school population to be targeted by the program, the particular counseling needs of such population, and the current school counseling resources available for meeting such needs;
(B) describe the activities, services, and training to be provided by the program and the specific approaches to be used to meet the needs described in subparagraph (A);
(D) describe how the local educational agency will involve community groups, social service agencies, and other public and private entities in collaborative efforts to enhance the program and promote school-linked services integration;
(E) document that the local educational agency has the personnel qualified to develop, implement, and administer the program;
(G) assure that the funds made available under this subpart for any fiscal year will be used to supplement, and not supplant, any other Federal, State, or local funds used for providing school-based counseling and mental health services to students; and
(H) assure that the applicant will appoint an advisory board composed of interested parties, including parents, teachers, school administrators, counseling services providers described in subsection (c)(2)(D) of this section, and community leaders, to advise the local educational agency on the design and implementation of the program.
(c) Use of funds
(1) In general
The Secretary is authorized to award grants to local educational agencies to enable the local educational agencies to initiate or expand elementary school or secondary school counseling programs that comply with the requirements of paragraph (2).
Each program funded under this section shall—
(C) increase the range, availability, quantity, and quality of counseling services in the elementary schools and secondary schools of the local educational agency;
(D) expand counseling services through qualified school counselors, school social workers, school psychologists, other qualified psychologists, or child and adolescent psychiatrists;
(E) use innovative approaches to increase children’s understanding of peer and family relationships, work and self, decisionmaking, or academic and career planning, or to improve peer interaction;
(G) include in-service training appropriate to the activities funded under this chapter for teachers, instructional staff, and appropriate school personnel, including in-service training in appropriate identification and early intervention techniques by school counselors, school social workers, school psychologists, other qualified psychologists, and child and adolescent psychiatrists;
(H) involve parents of participating students in the design, implementation, and evaluation of the counseling program;
(I) involve community groups, social service agencies, or other public or private entities in collaborative efforts to enhance the program and promote school-linked integration of services;
(J) evaluate annually the effectiveness and outcomes of the counseling services and activities assisted under this section;
(K) ensure a team approach to school counseling in the schools served by the local educational agency by working toward ratios recommended by the American School Health Association of one school counselor to 250 students, one school social worker to 800 students, and one school psychologist to 1,000 students; and
(L) ensure that school counselors, school psychologists, other qualified psychologists, school social workers, or child and adolescent psychiatrists paid from funds made available under this section spend a majority of their time counseling students or in other activities directly related to the counseling process.
(d) Limitation on administrative costs
Not more than 4 percent of the amounts made available under this section for any fiscal year may be used for administrative costs to carry out this section.
For the purpose of this section—
(1) the term “child and adolescent psychiatrist” means an individual who—
(2) the term “other qualified psychologist” means an individual who has demonstrated competence in counseling children in a school setting and who—
(3) the term “school counselor” means an individual who has documented competence in counseling children and adolescents in a school setting and who—
(B) in the absence of such State licensure or certification, possesses national certification in school counseling or a specialty of counseling granted by an independent professional organization; or
(4) the term “school psychologist” means an individual who—
(A) has completed a minimum of 60 graduate semester hours in school psychology from an institution of higher education and has completed 1,200 clock hours in a supervised school psychology internship, of which 600 hours are in the school setting;
(5) the term “school social worker” means an individual who—
(A) holds a master’s degree in social work from a program accredited by the Council on Social Work Education; and
Not later than 2 years after assistance is made available to local educational agencies under subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary shall make publicly available a report—
(g) Special rule
(1) Amount equals or exceeds $40,000,000
If the amount of funds made available by the Secretary for this subpart equals or exceeds $40,000,000, the Secretary shall award not less than $40,000,000 in grants to local educational agencies to enable the agencies to establish or expand counseling programs in elementary schools.
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