20 U.S. Code § 7801 - Definitions
The Secretary shall permit the conversion of average daily membership (or other similar data) to average daily attendance for local educational agencies in States that provide State aid to local educational agencies on the basis of average daily membership (or other similar data).
If a local educational agency makes a tuition payment to a private school or to a public school of another local educational agency for a child with a disability, as defined in section 1401 of this title, the Secretary shall, for the purpose of this chapter, consider the child to be in attendance at a school of the agency making the payment.
The term “beginning teacher” means a teacher in a public school who has been teaching less than a total of three complete school years.
The term “child” means any person within the age limits for which the State provides free public education.
The term “child with a disability” has the same meaning given that term in section 1401 of this title.
The term “consolidated local application” means an application submitted by a local educational agency pursuant to section 7845 of this title.
The term “consolidated local plan” means a plan submitted by a local educational agency pursuant to section 7845 of this title.
The term “consolidated State application” means an application submitted by a State educational agency pursuant to section 7842 of this title.
The term “consolidated State plan” means a plan submitted by a State educational agency pursuant to section 7842 of this title.
The term “core academic subjects” means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography.
The term “county” means one of the divisions of a State used by the Secretary of Commerce in compiling and reporting data regarding counties.
The term “distance learning” means the transmission of educational or instructional programming to geographically dispersed individuals and groups via telecommunications.
The term “educational service agency” means a regional public multiservice agency authorized by State statute to develop, manage, and provide services or programs to local educational agencies.
The term “elementary school” means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public elementary charter school, that provides elementary education, as determined under State law.
The term “gifted and talented”, when used with respect to students, children, or youth, means students, children, or youth who give evidence of high achievement capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership capacity, or in specific academic fields, and who need services or activities not ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop those capabilities.
The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given that term in section 1001(a) of this title.
The term “local educational agency” means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a State for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary schools or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a State, or of or for a combination of school districts or counties that is recognized in a State as an administrative agency for its public elementary schools or secondary schools.
The term includes any other public institution or agency having administrative control and direction of a public elementary school or secondary school.
The term includes an elementary school or secondary school funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs but only to the extent that including the school makes the school eligible for programs for which specific eligibility is not provided to the school in another provision of law and the school does not have a student population that is smaller than the student population of the local educational agency receiving assistance under this chapter with the smallest student population, except that the school shall not be subject to the jurisdiction of any State educational agency other than the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
The term includes educational service agencies and consortia of those agencies.
The term “mentoring”, except when used to refer to teacher mentoring, means a process by which a responsible adult, postsecondary student, or secondary school student works with a child to provide a positive role model for the child, to establish a supportive relationship with the child, and to provide the child with academic assistance and exposure to new experiences and examples of opportunity that enhance the ability of the child to become a responsible adult.
The term “other staff” means pupil services personnel, librarians, career guidance and counseling personnel, education aides, and other instructional and administrative personnel.
The term “outlying area” means the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and for the purpose of section 6331(b) of this title and any other discretionary grant program under this chapter, includes the freely associated states of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau until an agreement for the extension of United States education assistance under the Compact of Free Association for each of the freely associated states becomes effective after January 8, 2002.
The term “parent” includes a legal guardian or other person standing in loco parentis (such as a grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives, or a person who is legally responsible for the child’s welfare).
The term “poverty line” means the poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget and revised annually in accordance with section 9902(2) of title 42) applicable to a family of the size involved.
The term “public telecommunications entity” has the meaning given that term in section 397(12) of title 47.
The term “pupil services personnel” means school counselors, school social workers, school psychologists, and other qualified professional personnel involved in providing assessment, diagnosis, counseling, educational, therapeutic, and other necessary services (including related services as that term is defined in section 1401 of this title) as part of a comprehensive program to meet student needs.
The term “secondary school” means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school, that provides secondary education, as determined under State law, except that the term does not include any education beyond grade 12.
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Education.
The term “State” means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and each of the outlying areas.
The term “State educational agency” means the agency primarily responsible for the State supervision of public elementary schools and secondary schools.
 See References in Text note below.
 So in original. Probably should be section “6623(a)(3)(B)”.
 So in original. Probably should be preceded by paragraph designation “(40)”.
 So in original. Probably should be preceded by “(ii) as”.
Section 2902 of title 25, referred to in par. (28), was in the original “section 103 of the Native American Languages Act of 1990”, which was translated as meaning section 103 of the Native American Languages Act, Pub. L. 101–477, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
References to part A of subchapter III of this chapter are considered to be references to part B of subchapter III of this chapter in certain fiscal years. See section 6801(c) of this title.
A prior section 7801, Pub. L. 89–10, title IX, § 9101, as added Pub. L. 103–382, title I, § 101, Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3773, set forth findings regarding Indian education, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 107–110.
Pub. L. 111–242, § 163, as added by Pub. L. 111–322, title I, § 1(a)(2), Dec. 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 3521; amended by Pub. L. 112–175, § 145, Sept. 28, 2012, 126 Stat. 1322; Pub. L. 113–46, div. A, § 144, Oct. 17, 2013, 127 Stat. 565, provided that: