22 U.S. Code § 2214a - Definitions
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In this subpart:
(3) Appropriate congressional committees
The term “appropriate congressional committees” means the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
(4) Business development services
The term “business development services” means support for the growth of microenterprises through training, technical assistance, marketing assistance, improved production technologies, and other related services.
(6) Implementing partner organization
The term “implementing partner organization” means an entity eligible to receive assistance under this subpart which is—
(7) Microenterprise institution
The term “microenterprise institution” means a not-for-profit entity that provides services, including microfinance, training, or business development services, for microenterprise clients in foreign countries.
(8) Microfinance institution
The term “microfinance institution” means a not-for-profit entity or a regulated financial intermediary that directly provides, or works to expand, the availability of credit, savings, and other financial services to microfinance and microenterprise clients in foreign countries.
(9) Microfinance network
The term “microfinance network” means an affiliated group of practitioner institutions that provides services to its members, including financing, technical assistance, and accreditation, for the purpose of promoting the financial sustainability and societal impact of microenterprise assistance.
(11) Practitioner institution
The term “practitioner institution” means a not-for-profit entity or a regulated financial intermediary, including a microfinance network, that provides services, including microfinance, training, or business development services, for microfinance and microenterprise clients, or provides assistance to microenterprise institutions in foreign countries.
(12) Private voluntary organization
The term “private voluntary organization” means a not-for-profit entity that—
(A) engages in and supports activities of an economic or social development or humanitarian nature for citizens in foreign countries; and
(13) United States-supported microfinance institution
The term “United States-supported microfinance institution” means a financial intermediary that has received funds made available under subchapter I of this chapter for fiscal year 1980 or any subsequent fiscal year.
(14) Very poor
The term “very poor” means those individuals—
(A) living in the bottom 50 percent below the poverty line established by the national government of the country in which those individuals live; or
Source(Pub. L. 87–195, pt. I, § 259, as added Pub. L. 108–484, § 6,Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3929.)
References to Subchapter I Deemed To Include Certain Parts of Subchapter II
References to subchapter I of this chapter are deemed to include parts IV (§ 2346 et seq.), VI (§ 2348 et seq.), and VIII (§ 2349aa et seq.) of subchapter II of this chapter, and references to subchapter II are deemed to exclude such parts. See section 202(b) ofPub. L. 92–226, set out as a note under section 2346 of this title, and sections 2348c and 2349aa–5 of this title.
Change of Name
Committee on International Relations of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007.